- History of removal
- Description of varieties
- The main qualities of fruits
- Taste characteristics
- Ripening and fruiting
- Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
- Planting scheme
- Growing and care
- Resistance to diseases and pests
- Resistance to adverse weather conditions
- Regions growing
- Review reviews
- Authors: Ignatova S. AND., Gorshkova N. WITH., Moskvichov B. T., Komasnikov B. IN. (FGBNU “Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing”)
- Year of assumptions: 1992
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-100
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for greenhouses
- Transportability: High
- Bush size: middle-resistant
See all the characteristics
Many farmers, as well as garden-novice prefers to grow in areas and in greenhouses tomatoes, which give steadily high yields, without requiring a complex agricultural engineering. The number of such a variety of tomatoes red arrow includes.
History of removal
This hybrid vegetable culture is the result of many years of work of a group of domestic breeders (Gorshkov, Komasnikov, Ignatova). The tomato view was derived in 1990, but was submitted to the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation and allowed for use in 1992. The purpose of scientists was to create a variety that perfectly fertoises in greenhouse conditions, as well as in beds in regions with a fairly warm climate.
Description of varieties
Tomato bush Red Arrow is characterized by determinant growth type. The mid-grade plant is pulled in height to 120 cm. In bed, the height of the bush may be slightly lower. It is characterized by a bush weak thickening dark green foliage, strong central stem and flexible branches. On the main stem is formed from 10 to 12 brushes with 7-10 scraps (fruits) in each. Polenic culture involves the formation of a bush in 2 stems and mandatory tapping to the support, since branches and stems can be fed under the severity of berries. According to the experienced gardeners, the plant does not need a plant in passing.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomato Red Arrow is a representative of a class of middle-deep tomatoes. Grown vegetable to 100-150 grams. Berries are right rounded shape and uniform color. The advantage of the variety is the same form and the size of growing berries. In a state of complete ripeness, the fruit has a classic red color, and in the unripe form – light green. A feature of the variety is the presence of a dark spot at the base, which disappears as tomato ripening.
Tomato peel dense and strong with light glitter, reliably protecting from cracking during transportation and storage. Sortness of the variety average – in a cool place (refrigerator) tomatoes can be stored up to 4-5 weeks.
The taste of tomatoes is classic, and the aroma is spicy, inherent in many types of tomatoes. Looking in taste and sweetness, and sourness. The flesh of the berries is fleshy, moderately dense, juicy, with a small number of seeds. Inside the white rod is not observed.
Tomatoes have a universal purpose, so beautiful in the fresh form, for canning, for salting, for processing on pasta and ketchup.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomato Red Arrow is an early view of Parenic. 95-100 days passes from full shoots to the first ripe tomatoes. Ripen berries together, so you can remove tomatoes with whole brushes. It is characteristic that with full ripening tomatoes can hang on a twig for a whole month. The active phase of fruction passes from July to September, which allows for a long time to enjoy fresh and fragrant tomatoes.
Abundant yields are one of the advantages of this variety. In compliance with the correct agricultural engineering, growing tomatoes in the greenhouses, you can collect up to 35-42 kg of tomatoes with 1 m2. In the open ground, yield indicators are slightly lower. From one bush on a garden for the season can be removed 4-4.5 kg of berry.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Culture is grown by a seaside method. Sowing seeds is held early in spring – from March 20 to April 10 (60-65 days before transplantation). Sowing material seed into a pre-prepared soil and covered with polyethylene or glass, which will accelerate the germination of seeds. Seeds grow better in warm and fairly lit room. At the stage of the appearance of several leaves on a bush, a separate pottery is counted. After 8-10 days, the seedlings fertilize the mineral complex. 10-14 days before the transplanting bushes should begin hardening, which will facilitate the process of addictive plants to new conditions.
Replacing bushes at a permanent place Recommended at the stage of appearance in plants 5-7 of real leaves. As a rule, this is due to the period from May 15 to June 5. To the greenhouse before, and in the bed later.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Tomatoes are cultivated by observing density and landing scheme. This is exactly what allows the plant to grow and develop and develop, and the gathering to care for him. It is recommended to plant a bushes at a certain distance – 4-5 bushes per 1 m2. Optimal for landing is considered a circuit 50×40 cm.
Growing and care
Before disembarking, seedlings are needed to prepare the ground – to cleanse from grass and weeds, make fertilizers, explode so far breathing well and absorbed moisture. The best place believes where the beets, pumpkin, cabbage or carrots have grown earlier.
The grained culture Red Arrow requires a complex care, which includes: watering with dilated water, making fertilizers, loosening and tidwing, formation and garter of bushes, as well as protection against insect and disease invasions. In the greenhouses should not forget about regular ventilations so as not to be created an excessively wet environment.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Sort high resistance to infection with many typical diseases of diseases – Clapporiosa, tobacco mosaic virus, fusarious wilting and macrospory.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Culture Red Arrow Pretty Stress Resistant. She is well tolerating the lack of light, a short drought and heat. The only thing that is afraid of the plant is gusty winds and drafts.
Grow and give high yields grades can in different climatic zones, including regions with risky agriculture. In most regions, the variety is grown in greenhouse conditions and only in the southern strip – in open soils.
This type of tomatoes is massively grown in summer cottages, and on farms, since it is characterized by numerous advantages. These are stable and high yields, unpretentious care, fast adaptation to the soil and climate.