- Authors: Dederko B. N., Postnikova O. IN.
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: middle-resistant
- Height of the bush, see: 100-150
See all the characteristics
Puadovik – one of the best Siberian varieties and in flavoring qualities, and according to the degree of unpretentiousness. Culture’s authors managed to lay in it the quality of resistance to colds, hot climates and drought – a rare combination of many useful properties.
History of removal
Powder – the fruit of the achievements of a group of breeders from Novosibirsk in the composition of. N. Dederko and O. IN. Postnikova. The grade consists of the Russian Federation since 2007, has tolerance to grow in most regions of the country in open and closed soils. Thanks to its advanced qualities, the variety quickly gained popularity in the country, but soon after its distribution in the stores there was a culture called Sevryuga, which, according to quite serious and weighty testimonies, was an accurate copy of Pudovik. Since the sorties of the Severity in the State Register was not recorded, it is customary to consider this name by synonymous with Pudovik.
Description of varieties
Culture Pudovik is recommended for small and medium farms of any forms of ownership located in a wide variety of climatic zones of Russia. It is envisaged to cultivate and in open soils, and in greenhouses. Culture Intenerminant, High-Three, Large, Universal For Application. Against the background of fairly low numbers characterizing the degree of yields of many Siberian varieties, this grade looks like a record holder.
Formation of bushes and reliable suspension of stems are required. The bushes are average (100-150 cm) with a high degree of blasting.
The average culture – from the first germs to the full aging of fruits runs about 4 months. Custracy bushes, branched. Listers of standard configuration, large, dark green shades. Stems are impossible, it is possible to say even fragile, because it is easy to break, overloaded with the weight of fruits. Primary inflorescence is formed for 4-6 sheets, and the following – after 2-3 leaf. In the brushes is from 2 to 8 fruits.
The culture is capable of relatively easy to carry and protracted cooling, and hot time, and arid periods. Not terrible for her and increased humidity. Nevertheless, with obvious surplus in irrigation, fruits can crack. However, wonderful and saturated taste properties of fruits are well saved.
The variety is highly resistant to traditional diseases of the Parenic, it may well be cultivated by newcomers of a garden. Due to the size of the fruits, the grade is not transported and is not subject to long-term storage – the Lyuzness of tomatoes at a low level. The peel at the fruit is extremely thin, with a slight press on the ripe tomato, the trail is fixed, so at home it is stored no longer than 2 days, and in the refrigeration unit not more than 6 days.
The pluses of varieties include:
High degree of yield;
Beautiful taste properties;
Resistance to cold, heat, drought;
lack of emptiness in the fruits;
Fruits perfectly reach at home, without losing taste properties;
From varietal fruits, you can alone to harvest the seed material;
ease of care;
Time stretched period of fruiting.
The main qualities of fruits
Fruits of culture of heart-shaped configuration, medium density, with severe ribbed. But often on the same bushes can be formed and fruits with a configuration, little different from the flat-terminal. Unlit fruits of green color, and rideward fruits have raspberry color. They are large, medium weighing about 290 g, contain 4-5 seed nests. Sometimes kilogram fruits come across, with equally tasty and juicy flesh. It is best to use these tomatoes in the fresh form, but excessive crop processing on juice and sauces. Consistency of medium density and reddish shades. Inflorescences are simple, and frozen without joints.
According to the obvious majority of parameters, the culture is recognized as the best among salad varieties capable of productively growing in almost any conditions.
Fruits with a slurry, juicy and fragrant – tasting rating 5 points.
Ripening and fruiting
The timing of the aging of these mid-freed fruits is 110-115 days.
High-yielding culture, eat fruit reaches 15.5 kg / kV. M. (up to 5 kg with bush).
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Planting seedlings in the soil are produced in the age of bush 50-60 days.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Standard landing scheme with landing density – 3 plants per 1 m2.
Growing and care
From the point of view of the agrotechnical techniques used in the cultivation of this culture, the puddle is not relieved. He willingly forgive certain mistakes not enough experienced gardens, allowed and under irrigation, and in fake, and in the formation of bushes, despite the fact that the competent formation has always been a pledge of high yield. The flavoring properties of fruits are few depend on the conditions of cultivation, and they are simply excellent.
Grow culture exclusively through seedlings. The exceptions are the southern areas where they collect relatively good yields with direct seeds in the soil. Seedlings are growing up by the traditional method, sowing is carried out in the usual terms for tomatoes. Powadovik seedlings are prone to distraction, you will not call it strong. To avoid it, the solar place is chosen for it, although not the wipe. Bustics will quite grow up healthy and high quality even in relative coolness. Especially relevant, in the first 7 days after the occurrence of germs, the temperature was not higher than +16 degrees.
Typically, 1 m2 are planted 3 cooks, taking into account the fact that when the bush is developed in 2-3 stem, it is inclined to strong thickening. But supporters of the forming of bushes on a single-flow scheme plant to 4 plants per 1 m2. The order of disembarking is traditional, but if the seedlings turned around, then it eliminate the lower sheets and planted obliquely. Some experienced gardeners plant a culture of 2 plants in the well, forming each in 1 stem.
The basic treatments for culture care are traditional – it requires moderately moistened soil and medium number of feeding. Because when the soil mooring, the fruits can crack, to preserve the moderate degree of humidity, the beds contain under the layer of mulch.
Poothpovik with any formation of bushes gives a good harvest, but the experienced gardeners take into account the probability of attenuation of the growth of the first left step, therefore, insuring, leave more 1, and the remaining eliminates. If this procedure is avoided, then with unexpected climate change, you can really remain without part of the harvest.
The process of fruiting is extended in time, but has a wave-like periodicity – the fruits mature unevenly. With competent care to enjoy delicious fruits, you can almost until the cold. In order to remove all the starting fruits in time, the point of growth of the main stem pinch in August (in open soils at the beginning of the month, and in the greenhouses – closer to the middle).
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The registration commission was not given instructions on the sustainability of culture to certain types of pathogens. Consequently, culture needs preventive procedures. The first treatment of the experienced gardens is carried out 30 days after disembarkation, and then every 15-20 days, focusing on the features of weather conditions. At the same time, the periodic alternation of fungicidal preparations is recommended.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus