- Synonyms names: Prezident
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: seventenerminants
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 110
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses, for greenhouses
- Marketability: Good
- Transportability: High
- Bush size: middle-resistant
See all the characteristics
With the advent of the domestic market, this hybrid of tomatoes immediately took possession of the gardeners. He was able to quickly gain popularity, attracting ease of cultivation and the ability to do it in fact in all regions. And the president has a good appearance and similar taste. The variety is popular with lovers and experienced agraine gardeners.
Description of varieties
Optimal conditions allow the bruise to grow up to 2.5 m and above. This indicator is slightly lower during the culture of the culture in the open area (1.2-1.5 m).
The size of the bush is considered average. On average reaches up to 100-110 cm. Universal tomato differs in good quality and transportability. It causes interest among professional farmers. Even ripe fruits retain a commodity view during long distance transportation. They can be stored up to three weeks in room temperature.
The main qualities of fruits
In immature, the fruits of the president have a greenish tint and a weakly pronounced spot of the same color in the field of frozen. Having reached maturity, the fruit becomes red with orange tint. Spot from fruozca disappears. Its size is considered large. Mass of the fetus can reach 250 g.
In the form of tomatoes round-flat, without rhinestuff. Fruits look very attractive and presentable. Skin has a uniform orange-red.
To the taste of meaty flesh sweet. It is dense and moderately juicy. Inside from 4 separate cameras with seeds. If you judge the experience of agrarians growing tomatoes, the president, when the collected fruits for a week will lie in a dark place, their quality is even improved. Tomatoes show more pronounced sweetness and fragrance.
Ripening and fruiting
The time of ripening fruits of early, this period is 110 days. Waving 3 months after landing, you can reap the fruits, until the end of September. Tomatoes are encouraged to collect a little non-fermented and leave to diverting torn off the bush. Fruits need to be placed before the final ripening in a dark place for 4-5 days. The room temperature should not exceed 20 degrees. This approach to the assembled crop allows you to improve its burning. After that, tomatoam will be offended by transportation for distant distances.
The variety is considered high-yielding, on one square. m assemble up to 9 kg of fruits. As with most varieties, the president’s fruiting generous in the south of the country. However, in the greenhouses, the yield rate is quite high in any regions.
It is advisable to plant tomatoes in greenhouses only in a cold climate. In the southern regions, this is not justified, because the greenhouse does not affect the increase in the crop. The cost of the greenhouse device is not comparable to the harvest that will be obtained.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeds are customary to sow in 45-55 days before the planned transplant. Seedlings actively go up, so it is important to prevent its expansion over 15 cm. Otherwise, the plant will be incompletely developed. However, if the bush is seventermannant, he himself will stop in growth.
Seedlings at the stage of landing in the ground should have a powerful stem and release 7-8 full leaves, perhaps even floral ovary.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
It is necessary to plant seedlings, observing between the bushes a distance of 30 cm. Between the rows should be an indent 80 cm.
On one kv. m land up to 4 bushes. If they put them more cunly, grown bushes will interfere with each other to develop, which will negatively affect the yield.
Growing and care
The President refers to the hybrid varieties of tomatoes, so the independent collection of seeds is useless. If used for the next year seeds of tomatoes of the current year, it is difficult to imagine for sure that it will grow. Most likely, the varietal signs simply will not be saved.
Tomato Care President Simple and Complete. The hybrid is distinguished by stable fruiting with any weather realities.
With this soil for these tomatoes, you need to pay attention. It should be lightweight, nutrient medium. If the Earth does not meet these requirements, it has to be enriched independently. This will help add peat, humidia, wood ash.
As with all early mixed varieties, the president needs additional artificial illumination. For growing, light day should consist of a minimum of 10-12 hours.
The bushes require steening, garter and formation. According to the recommendations of experts to form in 1-2 stem. Such an approach will help raise yield to extremely high indicators.
Watering is carried out 1-2 times during the week. Periodicity of moisture depends on air temperature. In the south of the plant watered a little more often – approximately once in a three-day period. Water correctly pour under the root of the bush, avoiding her getting into the leaves.
7 days after planting seedlings, it is important to make feeding, using nitrogen fertilizers. The phase of the maturation of tomatoes will require a single fertilizer with a potassium composition.
For the first time, the bush is plunged 10 days after the landing. Additional hyphenation is held after another 2 weeks. Air flow to the root system ensures weeding and soil looser.
Mandatory requirement – soil mulch, contributing to the level of humidity.
Vintage It is important to collect regularly that the branches do not break under the weight of the harsh fruit.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The advantage of the hybrid is his good immunity. Tomato resistant to infection with alternariasis, verticillosis, tobacco mosaic virus (VTM). He does not face a fusarious fading. Insects also do not nourish a hybrid plant of special interest.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Due to its sizes, president’s fruits are considered to be salad. Actually salads with them are delightful. But for canning in solid form these tomatoes do not fit.
But they are successfully used in the first and second dishes, they prepare delicious sauces and boil natural tomato paste. It looks appetizing, because when heat treatment retains attractive characteristics. Taste qualities in president’s fruits excellent.
When cultivation always requires the organization of the backup. Without this measure, the brush simply does not withstand the load of the fruits. Long stems need to be taped. In the northern regions, early tomatoes have to raise in a greenhouse.