- Authors: Ognev B. IN., Maksimov S. IN., Klimenko N. N., Kostenko A. N., LLC ‘Agrofirma Search’
- Year of assumptions: 2010
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-100
- Growing conditions: for film greenhouses
- Marketability: High
- Height of the bush, see: 70-80
See all the characteristics
To date, the great set of hybrid varieties of tomatoes has been derived. Their characteristic feature is considered to be such characteristics as a wonderful taste, simplicity in cultivation and high yield. One of these is a hybrid called Premium.
Description of varieties
Despite the fact that the tomato is recommended to be cultivated in film greenhouses, it will feel great to feel in open areas and in greenhouses. Type of growing bushes – determinant. Tomatoes are customary to eat in fresh form to fully enjoy their taste. The height of the plant reaches up to 70 to 80 centimeters. These are compact and neat bushes with good decrepitude. Standard green foliage, medium in size.
Type of inflorescence – simple. The first inflorescence appears over 5 or 6 leaves, and the rest alternate every 2 sheet.
The main qualities of fruits
Like the rest of the immature tomatoes, they remain green until the maturation. Ripe vegetables acquire bright red. In the weight, they are gaining 130-140 grams, the size is large. Shape – rounded, has a small pointed spout. Flesh fleshy and dense, coated with durable and glossy skin. Dry substance – 5.6-5.8%.
Inside formed from 3 to 4 seed nests. Vintage tolerates transportation without problems. Ridden vegetables are remarkably suitable for cooking snacks and salads. And tomatoes premium varieties are harvested for the winter. You can still cook pasta, juice, sauce or ketchup.
Taste quality – at height. Compliance with agrotechnics and conditions of cultivation strongly affects this characteristic.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomato Premium applies to early grades. Crop the ripening time – from 95 to 100 days. As a rule, the harvest is collected from July 20 and until the end of August. Under certain conditions, the above time can consist from 85 to 95 days.
Yield – high. Up to 15 kilograms of vegetables can be obtained from square meter. On one bush grows from 4 to 5 large and beautiful tomatoes.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
In the 15-20 days of March, you can begin seeding seeds on seedlings. In the soil, young seedlings are transferred from 10 to 20 May. For germination, use light and fertile soil, in which the seeds will warm quickly and will develop without any problems. Deepen the grains to the maximum one and a half centimeters. Capacities with future seedlings are transferred to a warm room and covered with film or transparent glass. As soon as the first shoots became noticeable, the shelter is cleaned.
As well as seedlings need a lot of sunlight, so they are transferred to the windowsill or another well-lit place. Optimal air temperature for growing seedlings +24 degrees Celsius.
Picking is carried out after the formation of the first leaflets. Before starting the procedure, you need to prepare separate containers in advance. 14 days before the transfer of bushes to a greenhouse or on open areas of the plant fertile with liquid mineral substances.
Selected plot also prepared. In the ground are added humid or wood ash. And also need to dig a sufficient number of wells. Each landing pitch is sent one bustard. The seedlings are sprinkled with the earth and watered with warm and rescued water.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
To make tomatoes to be comfortable in a new place, you need to fit correctly. Landing scheme – 70×60 centimeters.
Growing and care
Care for vegetable plantation is easy. Under simple rules, even novice gardeners will cope with the task. Regularly conducted stepsing. From lateral processes, they save up to how they reach 3-4 centimeters. In the greenhouse conditions, unnecessary shoots are removed only once. Plants need to install supports. Soothes carefully tie to the trellis.
Hybrid bushes form in 1 or 2 stems. When choosing a second material, it is important to maintain the main escape and stepper, which is formed below the first fruit brush.
And also the care of the fruit culture includes the following:
uniform and regular watering with warm water;
loosening the top layer of soil;
Weeding of a plot and its purification from weeding plants;
For feeding choose the organic and complex mineral compositions. During the growing season, tomatoes feed the minimum 4 times.
Tomatoes love sunlight and practically no moisture stagnation.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Premium variety has high resistant to the following ailments:
If the bushes are growing in conditions of high humidity, they may suffer from phytoofluorosis. For the purposes of prevention during the formation of buds and tomatoes, the plants are treated with the preparations “Prof Gold” and “Barrier”. At the start of the growing season, the plantation is treated with the compositions of “bison”, “confident”, “Tax”. Such a simple procedure will save the beds from the web ticks, hoarse and other harmful insects.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus