- Authors: Horal Jiri, Klapste Petr, Alekseev Yu. B. (Originator: IP Aleksashov M. IN.)
- Year of assumptions: 1997
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 105-110
- Growing conditions: for balcony, for growing on the windowsill, potted culture, decorative landscaping
- Marketability: High
- Bush size: Night-grade
See all the characteristics
Pinocchio Tomatoes do not relate to particularly whimsical plants, at the same time they are very responsive to the efforts of crop and pay large and juicy fruits.
Description of varieties
Pinocchio – determinant varietal plant with universal prescription of fruits. Grown on balconies, windowsill and even in pots. This is a straampic culture, the fruction has an articulation. In the fruit of this variety high marketability.
The bushes are low, high up to 35 centimeters. Compact plants, with durable, thick stem. Dark foliage, intermediate type.
The main qualities of fruits
In the quench of the fruit of Pinocchio Red, Cherry size, weighing up to 20 grams.
Tomatoes described varieties Sweet.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety refers to the category of secondary. You can collect fruits in 105-110 days after the seed landing. Fruit bushes for a long time, from July to August, fruits are collected from bushes.
This indicator is 1-1.5 kg from the bush, 5-6 kg / m2.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
If you grow Pinocchio at home, then in February already sow seeds, in March – if on the balcony. Seedlings are transferred to the ground in May-June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The most suitable planting density is 4-5 plants per square meter. Distance – 30 * 30.
Growing and care
Pasking and garter Tomatoes Pinocchio are not needed. Proper treatments for tomatoes in the garden includes such items:
- Regular watering;
- garter, providing support for large bushes;
- soil looser;
- removal of weeds;
- Prevention from pests and diseases.
Care for Tomatoes Pinocchio begins long before the first bush appears in the soil. Should take care of the soil preparation in advance. Gardeners advise to do this from autumn, enriching land fertilizers. For this, not only purchased mixtures are suitable, it is quite possible to do the usual feeders:
Important! The most important condition for the good growth of tomatoes of this variety is a weakly alkaline soil, with a reaction not higher than 7.0 pH.
Correct tomatoes care includes the development and observance of the scrapement of the climate depending on the climate. The most important thing is not to dismissed the land and prevent drought. Tomatoes of this variety love abundant and frequent watering under the root. It helps to form a root system, but frequent, but scarce irrigation to her, on the contrary, harm. If you overdo and “pour” plants during the ripening of fruits, you will get a crop of large but watery tomatoes. What’s worse – overflowing often provokes the development of fungal diseases, which is subject to tomato Pinocchio, cracking fruit.
The lack of moisture is also destroyed for the culture, as a result – the vertex rot and fading the bushes. During watering, make sure that the splashes do not fall on the leaves, the fruits and the trunk of the bush. Ideal way – watering watering under the root, it is important to ensure the root system of moisture, but for the land part of the plant it is not needed.
If we water tomatoes with water with the addition of ash, they will grow better and raise less often.
With the appearance of the first margins, they advise to loosen the land under the bush. Often it is not necessary to do it, it is enough to carry out the procedure every time a solid crust will appear.
Experienced gardeners recommend fertilize tomatoes at least three times for the season, but ideally – twice a month. The main thing is that potassium and phosphorus prevailed, but not nitrogen. In addition to chemical compositions, it is possible to use bird litter with no less success.
Magnesium is applied constantly, but the boron only after the first colors will appear. For feeding boron: on a liter of water 1 g of boric acid.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
One of the most common problems in the cultivation of Tomatoes Pinocchio – rot, which extends throughout the plant in crude weather, as a result of which the bush is devoted, and the fruits begin to decompose. In order to prevent rotting, it is necessary to spray tomatoes with a solution of copper mood at the beginning of summer.
Insects are harmful to tomatoes as well as most plants. In the fight against them, sprays with recommended insecticides are used if signs of pests appear or as prevention in order to prevent them.
In order to get rid of thephids, try to pour leaves with cold water (sometimes it happens enough) or wipe each sheet to wash the dishes. You can also make a mixture of detergent and Cayenne pepper. This is a fairly effective method for the destruction of these insects.
Relative to the caterpillars, then they are better to collect them manually. The wasps feed the caterpillars and act as biological control. In order to protect Pinocchio tomatoes from these pests next year, try planting dill nearby. Velhets also help keep most insects at a safe distance.
In the fight against blonde, use spray with insecticidal soap. In addition, ladybugs and spiders can help control the presence of these insects. Some garden and shopping stores offer special traps for whiteflies that can be useful, but not as successful as an insecticidal soap.
If the yellowing of the sheet begins on old leaves and applies further, it may not be a virus, but a lack of magnesium. In order to eliminate it, use special fertilizer with magnesium content.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus