- Authors: NII Gardening Siberia G. Barnaul
- Synonyms names: Phytofluoro-resistant
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Medium
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-105
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: up to 50
See all the characteristics
Tomato with an unusual name Phytous appeared due to the efforts of experienced breeders in 1997. Although the grade appeared long ago, he is now in great demand among many vegetables. This specification is cultivated for several decades due to high resistance to diseases and other positive characteristics.
Description of varieties
Bushes feel wonderful when choosing any condition of cultivation, be it film greenhouses or open beds. A low-speed plant does not grow more than 0.5 m in height. Building – compact. Given these characteristics, the variety can be cultivated in small areas and in low greenhouses.
Growth Type – Determined. The main stem is a reprehensive and strong, branchiness is weak.
Type of inflorescence – simple. In one fruit brush grows from 5 to 8 tomatoes. Color of shoots and leaves dark green. The first inflorescence is developing over 7 or 8 sheets.
The main qualities of fruits
In the period of fruiting the bush covers the fruits of light green. By the time of maturity, they change the color to the saturated red. Color uniform. Weight varies from 55 to 70 g. Oval shape, pear-shaped.
Sleeping smooth, glossy. She moderately rigid, but can protect the harvest from the formation of cracks. The flesh is dense. Inside formed 2-3 seed chambers.
Fruits are not afraid of long transport and can be stored for a long time in suitable conditions. This is another feature, thanks to which the grade phytoos got widespread. Tomatoes can be grown for commercial purposes.
Taste quality – excellent. Ripe Sweet and Juicy Tomatoes. Perfect ingredient for salads, snacks and other dishes.
Ripening and fruiting
Phitous is considered medium. Since the appearance of germs before the formation of ripe vegetables, it takes from 95 to 105 days. Fruits collection deadlines fall out for the period from July to September.
Vegetable breeding, which are not the first year are engaged in the cultivation of tomatoes, mark the high yield of this variety. C m 2 Grokes can be collected from 10 to 12 kg of fruits. When growing a variety on large land plots, yields numbers from 80 to 100 tons with ha.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
In the last days of March or in early April, seed seeds are beginning. By the time of her landing in the ground, which comes from the end of spring and before the beginning of summer, the seedlings are quite fixed and will be ready for a transplant to a new location. When choosing an exact period, you need to pay attention to the weather in the region and the method of cultivation. In greenhouses or greenhouses, seedlings can be transferred earlier than when growing in open ground.
Plugged this vegetable culture with a seedy method. For the extension you need to prepare the following:
- seed material;
- light and fertile soil, which will pass water and oxygen;
- Capacities for growing and dive;
- phytolamba to provide plants with a sufficient amount of light;
Seeds deepen into the ground no more than 1 cm. The soil is irrigated using the sprinkler as it dries. Tar with seeds are covered with glass or film. Over time, seedlings are picked in separate containers and continue to grow, providing access to sunlight to plants. If natural lighting is not enough, additional lighting devices use.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The most common landing scheme – 50×40 cm. On one kv. M plant no more than 3 bushes.
Growing and care
Before transfering bushes to a new place, the selected area is prepared in advance. It is purified from garbage, weed grass and moisturize. With increased acidity of soil, it must be reduced. In each landing pitch, 10 g of superphosphate solution is sent. This component will help bushes faster to take root on the site.
Water beds in the evening, after sunset. For irrigation, only accumulated and warm water is suitable. Cold liquid perceived by bushes as stress.
To achieve maximum yields of the plant, you need to regularly feed. The first portion is made approximately 2 weeks after the transplantation of seedlings. The interval of 14 days is necessary for the roots enough to develop. The second time fertilizer is used on the flowering phase, and the third feeding is made during the ripening of tomatoes.
Due to compact sizes and small growth Tomatoes grade phytoos do not sue. Hourging is also not a mandatory component of the agrotechnology.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Vegetable culture has excellent resistance to many common diseases, especially the phytoofer. Strengthen immunity can be able to competently care for bushes. Despite resistance to diseases, plants are desirable to protect against the attacks from pests. To scare insects, use both special and folk remedies. Solutions with aggressive chemical components need to be used carefully in order not to harm plants and fruits.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus