Tomato Orange Elephant

  • Authors: Gavrish S.F., Kapustina R.N., Gladkov D.WITH., Volkov A.BUT., Semenova A.N., Artemieva G.M.
  • Year of assumptions: 2011
  • Category: Sort
  • Type of growth: Determinant
  • Purpose: Fresh use
  • Ripening time: Mediterranean
  • Timing of ripening, days: 110-120
  • Growing conditions: for greenhouses
  • Height of the bush, see: 70-100
  • Leaves: medium size, light green

See all the characteristics

Standard Tomato Color – Red. However, today the varieties that are surprised by yellow or orange colors received wide distribution. Breeders brought a considerable amount of such vegetable varieties. One of them is a tomato orange elephant who wonderfully stuck in different regions of Russia.

Description of varieties

Grade preferably grow in greenhouses. So bushes will feel comfortable and delight with a stable harvest. Determinant plants reach a height of 70-100 centimeters. Leaves – Light Green, Medium Size. Ripe tomatoes most often use fresh, without processing. In the warm regions, the variety can be cultivated in open soil. Inflorescences – simple.

The main qualities of fruits

Immature green tomatoes as they change their color to saturated orange. Size – large. Mass varies from 250 to 300 grams. Form – Standard Round. Flesh – average by density. Covers vegetables glossy peel. Tomatoes rich in vitamins A and C, as well as carotene. All of these components have a positive effect on the overall condition of the body and the immune system.

Fruits can be stored for a long time without losing taste and attractive appearance. Despite the recommendation to enjoy the taste of fresh tomatoes, you can cook appetizing juice or sauce. For salads or snacks they will also fit. Due to large size canning them inconveniently. Some hostesses prepare fragrant valya tomatoes.

Taste characteristics

Entirely caused tomatoes sweet and juicy. Gastronomic qualities are marked as high.

Ripening and fruiting

Sort Orange Elephant refers to medieval cultures. Tomato ripening time numbered 110-120 days.

Yield

Yield – high. From a square meter of a garden receive 6.9 kilograms of delicious vegetables. One bush can form up to 2-3 kilograms of tomatoes. The conditions of cultivation strongly affect the fruiting.

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

In the period from the end of March to the beginning of April, seed seeds are held at seedlings. At the end of May or in the first days of June, seedlings for permanent place of cultivation begin to transfer seedlings. The accurate seeding date depends on the place of cultivation of the variety and climate in the region.

When using the sowing material, which was properly prepared, it is treated. Grains are soaked in manganese solution (1%). All overlap seeds rejected.

Sowing material germinate in warm and dark place. After the formation of the first germs to the container with the seedle to the sun, but in a cooler place. The soil must be moistened to moderate. Increased humidity provokes the development of rot and fungus. Earth irrigate as it dries. Picking up after the formation of two real leaves.

After this procedure must comply with certain conditions. Temperature during the day should not exceed 20-23 degrees, and at night – 15-18 degrees. After 7 days of seedling begins to accelerately develop the root system. At this stage, it is important to provide a sufficient amount of light to the bushes. Natural sunlight is best. Otherwise, additional lighting sources use.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

The most common landing scheme – 40-60 centimeters. Some gardeners prefer to place a plot of no more than two bushes on the square meter. Such a location will provide each plant the required amount of sunlight and oxygen.

Growing and care

Tomato shoots are tied up so that they do not lean to the ground under the weight of tomatoes and did not break. Also additional supports will not allow plants to interfere with each other.

Looking for bushes need in advance prepared soil. Soil cleaned from weeding herbs, fertilize and water. After Pacoop is carried out. It is important to take into account the level of acidity, as the grade does not like sour. In clay soil, it also grows poorly and rich harvest is not worth waiting.

The following factors strongly affect the yield:

  • Walcast bushes;
  • Regular irrigation;
  • Subject.

Pour tomatoes at least 2 times a week. It is important not to fill the bushes so as not to harm the root system. Water poured neatly, under the root. It is undesirable to enter moisture on shoots and leaves in a bright day of day. Leaves are periodically sprayed. Use only clean water room temperature. It is desirable to defend a few days. Experienced gardeners recommend to gain water into special containers and use if necessary, through sprinklers.

Soil fertilizes with nutritional elements not only until plants landing, but also as they are developed. Especially tomatoes need fertilizer during crop maturation. Portion of feeding makes a root or near him. Most often use the following substances: manure, chicken litter, humid, nitrogen, mineral compositions, ammonium salt. Fertilize tomatoes in the early morning or evening.

Caring for a variety of orange elephant necessarily provides for regular disposal of weed plants. They are removed along with the root so that they do not grow up again. Extra plants take the useful substances from soil that need vegetable crops.

The remaining rules of agrotechniki.

  • Bushes form in 1 or 2 stem. So behind plants will be convenient to care and inspect the presence of symptoms of diseases. Also, the formation contributes to regular and abundant fruiting.
  • To combat weeds, many gardeners cover the ground layer mulch. The crushed grass or peat is remarkably suitable – with time, organic substances are disintegrating and saturated with land. Also mulching helps maintain the optimal level of humidity and prevents the formation of a dry crust on the surface.
  • Root system, like the rest of the plant, needs oxygen. For this reason, the land around bushes loose.
  • So that the fruits were the maximum size and pleased with the excellent flavoring characteristics, you need to regularly remove steps. On the formation of lateral processes the plant spends a lot of strength. The procedure is carried out after irrigation, preferably early in the morning.
  • Flower brushes also thinned. In the first fruit tassel leave from 3 to 4 buds.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

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YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

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