- Authors: agrofirm “Siberian Garden”
- Category: Hybrid
- Purpose: for salting and canning
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 90-98
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Marketability: High
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: fifty
- Color of mature fruit: Raspberry pink
See all the characteristics
Many gardeners, annually growing standard tomatoes on the garden, dream of landing something exotic and unusual. Such species include the early grade of tomatoes called Obskaya dome, standing out by a beautiful color and an unusual form.
History of removal
Hybrid variety Obski domes are a new tomato view created by a group of domestic breeders of agrofirms “Siberian Garden”. Polenic culture is made to the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation and allowed to use. Tomato is intended for growing in open and closed soils. Tomatoes grow in different climatic zones, including regions with risky agriculture and short summer.
Description of varieties
Tomato Obskaya Dome is a low determinant plant, which achieves a height of 50 cm. The bushes are well reflected with light green leaves, endowed with a strong central stem, a powerful root system and simple type of inflores. The first fruit brush is formed above a 9 sheet, where up to 3-5 barriers are formed.
Having planted and growing culture, it is necessary to complete the formation of a bush in 2-3 stems, prepare the support supports in advance, because the sweatshirt fruits are too loading the stem and branches, and also regularly carry out excess steps. Many owners bribe the fact that tomatoes have a universal purpose – they can be fresh, prepare salads, preserve and process.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomato Obskaya Domes are recognizable from many varieties due to external data. Tomato is characterized by a dome-shaped form (in the form of a heart), outstanding dimensions – on average, the mass of vegetable reaches 250 grams, and an ideally smooth surface without the slightest irregularities.
In the state of complete ripeness, the tomato is covered with raspberry-pink color with a pronounced yellowish spot at the base. In the unreliable form of vegetable painted in light green.
The peel in the vegetable is quite dense, so it easily transfers transportation and long-term storage. If tomatoes are assembled in a misappropriate form, they can sing and stored until late autumn. On the bushes tomatoes do not crack.
These tomatoes appreciate precisely for excellent taste. The berry is dense, fleshy and sahary pulp, which is moderately juicy and with a small amount of seed inside. There is also sweetness, and light sourness, supplemented with dessert aroma.
Ripening and fruiting
The grade of early, so since the absolute germination to ripening the berries at the brushes takes place only 3 months – from 90 to 98 days. Slightly delay the deadline can in the conditions of cool summer. The fruits are gradually, which allows for a long time to enjoy fresh tomatoes from bed. The period of maximum fruiting falls on June-July in the greenhouses, and July-August in the open soil.
Despite hybridity, the plant gives high yields. Observing all the rules of care, from one bush for the season you can remove from 3 to 5 kg of ripe tomatoes. Under the conditions of greenhouse with 1 m2, up to 22 kg of tomatoes.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sewing seeds to seedlings are better spent at the end of March – early April, that is, 50-60 days before the transplant. Optimal conditions for rapid germination and grinding bushes – a lot of light (more than 14 hours / day) and heat indoors (+ 20-23). Shoots will appear 5-7 days later. At the stage of the appearance of 2-4 leaves on a bush, it is recommended to take a dive (seeding of plants on individual pots). Two weeks before tomato transplantation, it is necessary to grade, exposing the seedlings daily on fresh air, which will greatly facilitate the adaptation of culture to new gravity conditions.
Transplantation in the ground is carried out when the ground and the average daily temperature is not lower than + 14-16 degrees. The best period for transplanting seedlings is considered the second half of May, and sometimes beginning of June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
In addition to agrotechnical rules, when landing and growing tomatoes, it is important to comply with the density and scheme of the seedlings on the site. On 1 m2 it is recommended to place 3-4 bushes in greenhouse conditions and up to 5 plants in the garden. Proper to put it is considered to be the 50×60 cm scheme.
Growing and care
Growing tomatoes follows the lit plot. The soil should be loose, moisturized, fertile, breathable. The best predecessors for the growth of tomatoes are carrots, cabbage, beets and radishes. Hybrid tomato grade Obski domic needs complex care: watering, fertilizers, soil loose, formation, binding and steaming, prevention of viruses and invasions of insects.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Culture immunity is good, but you should not forget about preventive measures. Most often, tomatoes suffer from anthracnose and mildew. In addition, the plant attracts the plant of such pests as the Colorad beetle and a diverting scoop. Protecting tomatoes from viruses, fungi and insects will help preventive spraying. Phytoophtor minus tomatoes due to the fact that they are early.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Early view of the Obskaya domes are sufficiently stressed, so well tolerates harsh temperature differences, small frosts, as well as a short drought and heat. In addition, drafts and high humidity can be affected negatively on development, which must be constantly monitored.