Tomato mystery

  • Category: Sort
  • Type of growth: Determinant
  • Purpose: Fresh use, to salmon and canning
  • Ripening time: Ultrarandy
  • Timing of ripening, days: 80-85
  • Growing conditions: for open soil, for balcony, for growing on the windowsill
  • Transportability: Yes
  • Bush size: Night-grade
  • Height of the bush, see: 40
  • Color of mature fruit: Red

See all the characteristics

Unpretentiousness, performance and versatility of this culture in use exceeds all the expectations of newcomers in the field of gardening. Do not bypass this variety and professionals.

History of removal

Culture Received by the works of the Selection of the Research Institute of Transnistria. The purpose of the elimination was to obtain a early expense variety, equally well-growing and fruitful and in open soils, and in greenhouses. Mystery grade Almost all required parameters satisfies pursued scientists. In addition, culture has a high degree of resistance to traditional diseases of diseases.

Description of varieties

The culture is determined, with quite low, but powerful and branched bushes, rarely growing more than 40 cm. In the greenhouses, their height can reach 60-65 cm.

Soothes are formed strong, with compact brushes, on which 5-7 fruits are located. The number of leaves on plants is average, no thickens, and the sheets of small sizes.

From the advantages of culture, we note:

  • ultrasound aging fruits;
  • excellent flavoring qualities;
  • compactness plants;
  • absence of steps;
  • undemanding for lighting (fruit and in shaded places);
  • unpretentious care;
  • Fine tomatoes have proven themselves during transportation (not crack);
  • Dimensional tomato homogeneity;
  • Increased resistance to most diseases and pest attacks (fruits ripen earlier than diseases develop).

Gardeners noted the absence of pronounced deficiencies in the variety, except for the need to clean the tops (after the eating fruit) and the soil recultivation.

The main qualities of fruits

The fruits of a rounded configuration, with an unseeable ribbon near the frozen, brightly red shades, with a dense leather, preventing cracking and deformations at an elevated level of humidity and transportation. Consistency juicy. The weight of mature fruits taken from the open soil, approximately 90-100 g. Fruits grown in greenhouses reach the mass in 110-115 g.

Taste characteristics

Tomatoes of pleasant and sweet taste. Tasting rating – 5 points.

Ripening and fruiting

Since the occurrence of shoots to full aging of fruits takes 80-85 days – the process of fruiting starts in the first decade of June. Aging is friendly.

Yield

High-yielding grade. Yield reaches 9-10 kg / m2.

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

The seeding time on the seedlings start around the middle of April, and the process of disembarking seedlings into the soil – in the first decade of May (for film shelter). Eating fruits begins from July-August.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

Typical landing circuit – 30×30 cm.

Growing and care

Culture is grown by a seaside. Acquiring seeds in stores should not forget about the timing of their shelf life, since old seeds lose 20-50% of the gentleness. To obtain seeds, it is necessary to squeeze them from the first ridden fetus into a small capacity. Next, water poured into the tank, soaking seeds for the 3rd day. By the end of the third day, the seeds fall on the bottom. At the end of 3 days, the water merges, and the seeds are washed with flowing water and exposed to drying.

Capacities for planting seedlings should be height 5-8 cm. They are filled with a special soil mixture (industrial or independently manufactured). You can prepare such a soil, mixing in equal shares peat, fine-grained sand, humid and turf. The other composition is mixed 1 part of the compost and 1 part of the turf, adding 2 tablespoons of wood ash (per 10 liters of soil mixture).

The main requirement for the cooked soil is its ease and good permeability – it must perfectly pass the air and moisture, be nutritious. After her irrigation, dry crust should not occur on it.

Containers with seedlings (film-covered) are located in rooms with temperature + 22-23?C, with lower temperature values, seedlings will not appear. If the shelter sprouts occur with containers eliminate.

Seedlings riddles do not fertilize – they have enough nutritional compositions in soil. Nutrient surplus can only worsen the development of plants.

After the seedlings have formed 2-3 real leaves, conduct a dive into separate containers. Then moderately produced feeding minudent. Transplanting bushes in one volume container, should be placed on the distance at least 10 cm from each other. Disembarkation scheme:

  • In the wet soil, 3-4 shallow grooves are done, located at least 4 cm from each other;
  • In the finished grooves, seeds are placed, with 1-2 cm gluke, not tamping tightly;
  • After landing, the soil is a little pressed;
  • Irrigation should be moderate;
  • Ending land cover with a polyethylene package.

About Transferred Sorta. Culture sustainable shading. Nevertheless, it develops on lit and not windy places. Types of soils are not particularly relevant here. On the autumn, the space suitable for landing is scrap and fertilize. For fertilizer, a mixture is used (per 1 m2):

  • Superphosphate – 50 g;
  • Potassium sulfate – 40 g;
  • Ammonium Selitra – 30 g.

More productive landing in the ground in cloudy days or in the evening. Transferring seedlings, should not be laid up stuffing sideways (you can damage them).

Transplant scheme:

  • According to the planning scheme, the wells are prepared at a depth of 18-20 cm;
  • The wells are filled with water, and when it goes down, the seedlings are placed in the holes together with an earthy lump;
  • about seedlings pour composts (a little);
  • Buckets sprinkle the earth to the first leaflet and slightly tram the soil;
  • Then the young richly irrigate – approximately 1 l of water on 1 bush;
  • Near the seedlings knock pegs (40-50 cm high), seedlings are tied up (hemp threads).

Caring for this unpretentious variety is regular watering. Do it in the evenings and only warm water. Leave no leaves. Before the appearance of urins, irrigation is produced, focusing on the state of the soil (it should not be dry).

The beginning of fruiting demonstrates the need to reduce irrigation to 1 time per week (here you should focus on the nature of the weather).

Culture practically does not form stepsings, in any case they are cleaned. Placed in the soil, they quickly root and form new bushes.

Weeding weeds and soil loosening – Operations required. In addition, we recommend mulching soil by non-Wood sawdust, as freshly oxidized soil.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

More details

YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Resistance to diseases and pests

Resistance to Typical Diseases of Parenic Cultures – An integral property of the riddles. The reason for this is the earlier aging fruit of culture (phytoophluorosis and other fungal infections in the deadline of development do not sleep).

Surrence dates of the aging allow you to save on the substances of the chemical protection, since the mystery is very rare.

Culture is extremely little susceptible to fungal diseases and pest attacks (practically not interested in insects). It does not need both preventive measures for passagon cultures. Nevertheless, in order of the suspension, you can spray the plant by any factory fungicide.

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

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