Tomato Moskvich

  • Authors: Globinich R. D., Toropkin M. N. (FGBUN Institute of General Genetics. N. AND. Vavilova)
  • Year of assumptions: 1976
  • Category: Sort
  • Type of growth: Determinant
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Ripening time: Early
  • Timing of ripening, days: 95-110
  • Growing conditions: for open soil
  • Bush size: Night-grade
  • Height of the bush, see: 28-40

See all the characteristics

The unpretentiousness and productivity of the Muscovite variety, including for the northern regions, is fully proven in practice. This wonderful, universal culture is confidently grown in the northern regions of the country.

History of removal

Moskvich consists of state-sized since 1976. He received by the staff of the Institute of General Genetics. N. AND. Vavilov, Welcome R. D. and Toropkina M. N. Crossing the varieties of Nevsky and shift 373. Culture is intended for cultivation in various parts of Russia, including in the northern regions – Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Komi and Karelia. It is clear that the conditions there are not quite favorable for pasta crops, nevertheless, the grade is successfully cultivated, gives good yields.

Description of varieties

Culture determined, universal and early. In open soils, repeated fruits are removed by 90-95 development day. With a cool summer, the period of reactive increases by 10-14 days. The plant suspends its growth when forming on the main stem up to 3-4 brushes.

Culture bushes Stambular, strong, 28-40 cm high, medium branchiness and desirable. Listers of dark green shades, corrugated, medium-sized dimensions.

Inflorescences are simple, the first one arises over 6-8 leaf, and then – after 1-2 sheet.

In the absence of steaming, the bushes greatly grow up, and in the elimination of steps in the area of ​​the lower floral brush, fruiting starts earlier, tomatoes are larger, but their quantity is reduced. With moderate steaming of bushes plant more often – up to 8 pcs. / m2. Due to this, the crop increases.

There is an opinion that the bushes of varieties can not be taught. But in this case, under the mass of fruits, individual parts of the plant will be on Earth, stimulating the appearance of phytoofluorosis.

There is a high level of adaptability of a variety to any weather whims, as well as resistance to most diseases of passic crops.

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Good adaptation abilities and low growth allow these tomatoes on the windowsill or on the balcony.

The main qualities of fruits

Configuration fruits rounded and flat-circular, weak skin, with smooth skin. On the brush they are developing 3-6 pieces. The color of unheated tomatoes is greenish, with a dark green speck in the fruits area. Ripened tomatoes – red. Average mass – in the range of 55-75 g.

Consistency juicy and fleshy, the proportion of dry components – up to 6%.

Taste characteristics

Taste with tomatoes nicely sweetish, the content of sugars is about 3%.

Ripening and fruiting

The timing of the aging of culture – 95-110 days. Eating fruits produced in the period on July 1, August 15.

Yield

The level of yield reaches 146-445 c / ha (1.5-4.5 kg / m2).

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

Recommended seeding deadlines for seedlings – March 20-30, and landing in open soil – 15-25 May.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

Standard landing circuit – 60 x 30-40 cm, with placement density – 4-5 pieces / m2.

Growing and care

This culture intended for open soils is cultivated by seedling. It follows it at the end of March (sometimes in the first days of April – on the weather). At this point of illumination already enough and bushes will not be pulled out.

The seeds collected or purchased in the special store require pre-sowing preparation, since they may be causative agents of various diseases. For this reason, they are disinfected with a solution of manganese (1% or in a warm 2% solution of hydrogen peroxide, withsting seeds of about 20 minutes., And in the peroxide – about 8 minutes). At the end of the process, the seeds are washed in running water, and then soaked in a growth stimulator (no more than 18 hours).

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Nobuch seeds are subject to immediate sowing, because during pause the level of their germination decreases.

The seed mixture includes (in equal shares) of peat purchased soil, the stake of sand and the share of biohumus. The composition moisturizes and fill containers. Don’t forget about holes in water drainage.

Allowed seeds immediately into separate small capacity. Then they can be raised without a dive, moving them after 3-4 weeks in the container of large sizes (in each can be placed 2 semen).

After the appearance of germs, extra bushes do not eliminate, but cut off, so as not to cause injury to the roots of seedlings.

Containers are filled with a ready-made mixture, perform a 1,5 cm deep groove in them (the distance between them is about 2 cm, the same as between the seeds in the row). Popted seeds can be covered with snow – melt water is useful for them (increases the energy potential of germination and is positively affected by hardening).

Polyethylene packages are put on the seeds with seeds, and they are placed in a warm place (light until plants require). The light will become necessary when the first shoots appear – the containers are placed on light, better than southern windowsill. Reducing 3-4 days day and night temperatures up to +12 and +17 degrees, respectively. So seedlings will not dare up.

In the future, the temperature regime should be maintained steadily – in the afternoon no less than +20 and no more +22, and at night – by 3-4 degrees cooler.

Site seedlings are required irrigation mode (by the state of the soil). It is advisable to add a stimulator HB101 with irrigation to the warm and resistant water with irrigation in warm and resistant water (1 drop per liter). The growth of seedlings will increase markedly.

The emergence of two real leaves will remind you of the upcoming dive of seedlings. They are placed in separate, preferably opaque containers, carefully turning to the roots.

Touch the leaves of seedlings, and even more so the stalks are not worth. Better use a teaspoon.

At the end of the picking, the seedlings are shaded for several days from direct sunlight, and then irrigate and twice carry out with soluble fertilizers (twice as smaller concentration than when undercaming in open soils). One-time preparation of seedlings is finished – it is ready for transplant.

Moskvich prefers fertile soils. Consequently, the beds should be prepared in autumn, bringing a hovering bucket during a plug in the course of a plot of 1 m2. Add to this time and superphosphate (up to 70 g / m2). In the spring, during the harrowing period, 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate and about two glasses of ash are introduced.

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As soon as the soil becomes warmer (more than +15), young people plant. For each bustle, a hole is prepared, which richly irrigated warm water.

The landing is followed by the mulching process. The plants are then closed with nonwoven material – they will be better suited.

The care process consists in regular irrigation of plants with fascinated water (once a week before blooming and 2 times during flowering and bulging tomatoes). When forming a harvest of watering reduce.

Undercalign is carried out every two weeks, which depends on the degree of soil fertility. Fully soluble fertilizer is useful, including the microelements required for the variety. During the beginning of blooming, potassium contribution increases, conducting a calcium snorter feeding (as a prophylactic measure against vertex rot).

After irrigation, the soil necessarily break. During the season, two times are performed, better after irrigation or rain.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

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YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Resistance to diseases and pests

Although the Muscovite for various infections are sufficiently racks, spray it several times during the season. For this use various solutions. A good option is the traditional bordrian liquid or tincture on garlic.

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

Resistance to adverse weather conditions

Culture is resistant to adverse cultivation condies (even to sharp temperature fluctuations), cold-resistant.

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