Tomato Metelitsa

  • Authors: Gubko B. N., Pozalkin B. F., Kamanan A. BUT., FGBNU “Federal Research Center Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences”
  • Year of assumptions: 2005
  • Category: Sort
  • Type of growth: Determinant
  • Purpose: Fresh use
  • Ripening time: Mediterranean
  • Timing of ripening, days: 98-106
  • Growing conditions: for open soil
  • Transportability: Yes
  • Production of commercial fruits,%: up to 97

See all the characteristics

So “winter” name should not cool the interest of farmers. After all, it is really an attractive culture that deserves attention. However, like any other sought-after grades, such a tomato must be studied very carefully.

History of removal

Methellitsa created in the Research Center at the Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS. Leading breeders – Gubko, Pozalkin and Kamanin. The official tolerance for cultivation on personal households was given in 2005.

Description of varieties

It is worth emphasizing that it is the variety, and not a hybrid. Bushes of the Metelitsy Lights and can rise to a maximum of 0.45-0.57 m. At the same time, they are also quite compact. In the branches, the foliage of medium length is formed. It has a green color.

The main qualities of fruits

Crop transportability declared at a high level. Share of commercial berries under favorable conditions and competent care – up to 97%. Initially, the harvest has a green color, but then gradually will blush. Other features are:

  • Normal mass scatter – from 0.06 to 0.107 kg;
  • the most severe suspended fruits – 0.21 kg;
  • durable, characterized by glitter of peel;
  • shape of a simple circle;
  • low-raced ribs;
  • formation of simple inflorescences (first over 7-8 sheet, and then after 1-2 sheet);
  • articulated form of frozen;
  • A decent blend.

Taste characteristics

Preferably, the harvest is consumed in a fresh form. The flesh of the fruit is dense and juicy at the same time. The fraction of dry matter ranges from 4.2 to 4.6%. Sugar concentration can vary from 1.9 to 2.6%. In addition to quite expressive sweets, light sourness is celebrated.

Ripening and fruiting

According to the generally accepted classification, Mentilitsa refer to the middle-air timators. Between the yield on the surface of green shoots and the preparedness of the harvest, it will take place from 98 to 106 days. It must be understood that this is only the average. In reality, the weather will necessarily affect him, and how they care about plants. It will be possible to relieve the fruits in July and August, but more accurately it will be possible to determine only in practice.

Yield

Grade belong to a high-yield category. Possible collection 8-9 kg of tomatoes with 1 kV. M. An important role is played by the actual weather. But watering, the removal of weeds, feeding and other parameters of the agrotechnology are also not worth discounting. Some sources write about the collection of fruits to 17-20 kg per 1 m2, as well as the fact that the most productive cultivation in Western Siberia.

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

Lay the ground into containers and put the seeds there are recommended in March or April. The readiness of seedlings to the transshipment into the open ground is achieved during May or June. Be sure to consider the features of a particular region, as well as pay attention to the degree of development of certain plants.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

The gap between the individual tomatoes of this variety should be approximately 40 cm. At the same time, the recommended aisle – 60 cm. Lookage more than 6 plants per 1 kV. M.

Growing and care

Attractive blacksmith feature is that it does not need to form it. Exception are only frankly launched bushes. High resistance to cold allows you to grow similar tomato even in climate distressed areas. Removal of stepsy needs only occasionally. It is possible to increase the efficiency of cultivation by feeding Calcium Selutyra seedlings for 5-6 days before transshipment in open ground.

Make feeding required every 10 days. Before the start of fruiting use nitrogen compositions. Later it is necessary to give preference to the mixtures of phosphorus and potassium. The seedlings itself are recommended to plant a thick nutrient soil. It includes:

  • 3 shares of garden turf;
  • 1 fraction of washed river sand;
  • 0.5 rods.

After the uniform distribution of seeds on the surface requires a sprinkle with peat (layer 1 cm). Seedlings need to be kept under the film at a temperature of 25 degrees. When the seedlings appear, the film is cleaned, and the seedlings are hardened for 7 days at a temperature of 14-16 degrees. The main part of the seedlings must be kept at 20-22 degrees. Picking is carried out when the 2nd real sheet is formed.

After tanning to open ground, if serious night drops are likely, the first decade of the bushes should be kept under the film. The need to tie the bushes occurs if they are covered with plenty of fruits. Irrigation is carried out 1-3 times a week. Landmarks serve the state of the Earth and the plant itself.

For feeding use mineral and organic fertilizers. Feeding makes at least 3 times per season, while the organic and minerals alternate.

It is worth considering that in the most difficult regions it is advisable yet to grow a melaitric not in the open soil, but in greenhouse farms. With ordinary garden landing, it is recommended to choose the most solar places. Due to long fruiting, it is advisable to remove the fruits after a partial ripening. They still raid the ripeness separately from the plant and will be completely protected from phytoofluorosis. 14 days before the removal of the crop making feeding should be stopped.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

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YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

Regions growing

Such a culture can be confident in:

  • Western Siberia;
  • Kurgan, Sverdlovsk and other regions of the Urals;
  • Primorsky, Khabarovsk Territory and other regions of the Far East.

Review reviews

Miselitsa likes the overwhelming majority of farmers who try to grow it. Seedling even externally beautiful. Culture unpretentious when growing and practically does not ill. Noted at the same time that the first fruits are tied better than the subsequent harvest. Growing in the greenhouse is much less promising than in open vegetable garden.

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