- Authors: Russia
- Synonyms names: Mersedes
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: LateVire
- Height of the bush, see: 80-100
- Leaves: Conventional type
- Color of mature fruit: Red
- Form form: rounded
See all the characteristics
Despite the fact that tomato varieties of Mercedes of Russian origin, it is rather rare on household plots. This is an interesting late tomato of a cocktail type with red fruits. Differs good harvest, appetizing appearance and pleasant, sweet-sour taste.
History of removal
Mercedes – ancient family variety of tomatoes, derived in Russia, in Kursk. Synonym Name – Mersedes. Such a name variety received due to the extraordinary similarity of the sign of the vehicle of the manufacturer of cars and the “drawing” in the form of three rays at the fetus.
Description of varieties
Mercedes grade – late variety of tomatoes. You can grow under film shelters and in open soil.
Culture with determinant growth rate. The plant is low. The bush is quite compact, 80-100 cm high. Ordinary type leaves. Greeting a good green mass.
Inflorescences – simple. Brushes are notteful. 6-7 red fruits are usually formed on them. They are smooth, with a thick wall.
The variety has a universal appointment, ideal for canning and marination, preparation of lecture and tomato paste. Great for cooking sauces.
It has good transportability and fierce.
The main qualities of fruits
Fruits rounded shape, cocktail type. Weight does not exceed 100 g. Mature fruit of red, near the fruozda of red-orange shade. Skin slim. Inside red, juicy flesh, 4 seed cameras, small seeds. Sustainable cracking. The main advantage of the variety is a long shelf life.
Very nice, balanced tomato taste. The aftertaste is a bit noticeable small acid. Seeds are small, mildly feel when.
Ripening and fruiting
Ripening fruits from tomato Mercedes friendly. All fruits on one brush blush almost simultaneously. Tomatoes begin to sleep in early August.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Mercedes grade tomato seeds are sown about 55-65 days before landing on a permanent place. Time can be calculated yourself. To do this, count approximately 60-65 days before the spring frosts ends. The landing is carried out when the air temperature is set at least + 13 … 15 ° C.
This variety of tomatoes can also be grown by a reckless way. After the threat of the threat of a night decrease in temperatures until minus indicators, seeds can be heated in the ground.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Tomatoes are planted in prepared pits. If you pour water directly before planting, then after planting plants, you can not water within 5-7 days. Such a temporary gap will give the plant to adapt to new conditions.
The distance between the bushes should be about 30-40 cm, between the rows of 60-70 cm. And the width of the part term is about 70-100 cm.
Growing and care
Tomatoes of this variety do not need piping. If stepsing appear, they are clogged. Exception can only be a stepper, which is formed under the top inflorescence.
The plant needs to be engaged to the support.
Mercedes unpretentious in care. All agrotechnical events – standard: weeding, loosening, making organic or mineral fertilizers, watering.
Abundant irrigation should be avoided. High humidity Tomatoes do not tolerate. To avoid the appearance of diseases, they are watered only under the root. For irrigation, use warm dusty water. Watered no more than once a week, spend from 3 to 10 liters of water under each tomato bush.
In order for tomatoes evenly, they need to shake them while flowering them.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Since the tomato refers to late varieties, it is necessary to carry out timely processing from phytoofluorosis. Fungicides are used to protect the plant from this dangerous disease.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Due to late ripening time, more suitable for growing in the open ground in the southern regions of the country. In the rest – it is better to grow in a greenhouse.
On the garden and garden forums you can find only flattering reviews about Tomators Mercedes. The variety has earned a positive reputation for its taste features and the possibility of long-term storage. Some vegetable breeds manage to keep the tomatoes of this variety for 9 months after harvesting.