- Authors: Altai selection
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 96-100
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Production of commercial fruits,%: 98
- Bush size: middle-resistant
- Height of the bush, see: 100-120
See all the characteristics
For lovers of new varieties of tomatoes growing and in beds, and in film greenhouses, Tomato Masha, who is easy to care. This type of tomatoes at times is superior to the yield. Similar European and American tomato varieties.
History of removal
This type of grained was created by a group of Altai breeders more than 10 years ago. Despite the fact that tomato in the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation has not yet been submitted, it takes high demand among gardeners and farmers. Zoronated Siberian varieties, Urals, Central and South regions.
Description of varieties
Masha’s grained culture – this is the average determinant bush, which is pulled in height to 100-120 cm. Bushes have a weak thickening with green leaves, strong stems, developed root system and simple type of inflorescence. The first fruit brush is formed above 10 sheet, where it is tied up to 4-5 berries.
Plant during cultivation requires the formation of 1-2 stems, mandatory garter to the support and timely removal of extra steps. Tomatoes of universal destination, so beautiful in the fresh form, in recycled and canned. For whole-fuel canning, tomatoes are not suitable due to the magnitude of the berries.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomato Mashenka grows up to 220-260 grams, but sometimes berries are gaining a lot of 400-600 g. Unusual berry form – heart-shaped with a small “spout”, and classic color is bright red with a greenish speck at the base and without visible engines. In the unreliable form of tomatoes painted in light green.
Skin berry perfectly smooth, sufficiently dense, with shine surface. Despite the density of the peel, the infancy of tomatoes is weak – up to 3 weeks, subject to storage conditions. Transporting the fruits tolerate well, as well as they do not crack.
Tomatoes have excellent taste and spicy aroma. In taste of vegetable, the balance of sweets and kissli, supplemented with light sugariness. Power tomato fleshy, moderately dense, with a small content of seeds. With an abundant juice of watery, there is no vegetable. In the context of tomato scarlet color.
Ripening and fruiting
Applies a variety to early Parenic. From the moment of the appearance of sprouts until the maturation of the first tomatoes on fruit brushes takes place less than 3.5 months (96-100 days). Spill tomatoes together, almost simultaneously and quite quickly, so further maturation and fruiting is sluggish. Tomatoes are removed with whole fruit tassels. The active phase of fruction falls at the end of June – July.
High variety yield is one of his advantages. Correct care will allow to collect excellent harvests, which are enough for the workpiece, and for processing on drinks and refueling, and for eating vegetables fresh. On average, with 1 m2 per season, you can collect 18-20 kg of ripe berries. It is characteristic that in the greenhouses yield is much higher.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeding seeds are held in the second watering of March, and the sprouts are transplanted to a new place at the age of 60-65 days, while the stem and root of cooks should be strengthened. The germination of seeds will require 7-8 days. Speak the appearance of sprouts will help the greenhouse effect (cellophane or glass boxes).
Soil for growing seedlings will fit purchased – Universal. The main thing is to create favorable conditions – sufficient lighting for 14-15 hours / day and room temperature indoors + 20-25 degrees.
At the stage of the appearance of several real leaves, the bush can be divened by separate cups / pots. A week before the plant disembarking, it is subjected to light hardening – containers are exhibited daily on fresh air. The transplantation on a new place is held at the end of May, when the air and the soil are well proper, and there is also no threat of night drops of temperature.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The productivity of culture directly depends on the density and location of seedlings. Planting no more than 3 plants per 1 m2. Proper to landing is considered to be 65×45 cm.
Growing and care
For cultivation of culture, fertile loams are suitable, which are not shot down and passed the air well. The plot is pre-cleaned from weeds and other garbage, and also goes well.
Culture will certainly thank the excellent harvest if it is to ensure proper care. Agrotechnology includes watering, making feeding, soil looser, formation and garter of bushes, frequent steaming, removal of lower sheets, ventilating greenhouses, as well as protection measures from pests and viruses.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Tomato grade Masha is practically not amazed by diseases – tobacco mosaic virus, black bacterial spottedness, fusarious fading and phytoofluoro. The damage of the plant is caused by the invasion of pests – TLL, TRIPS, COUSTEN Pliers and Medveda, to warn the appearance of which to help insecticide spraying.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Culture is well tolerating sharp temperature jumps, a protracted heat, a short shadow, but negatively reacts to the lack of moisture. With long droughts, tomatoes may lose high taste, such as sugar.
Tomatoes Masha massively grown and summer houses and farmers. The popularity of the variety is due to its advantages: dissenting taste, rapid ripening, abundant yields and standard agricultural engineering. Of the disadvantages, most of the gardeners point to short burns and huge sizes of fruits, which interferes with whole-fuel sewage.