- Authors: Egyiyan M. E., SHAGOVNO O. D. (FGBNU Federal Research Center All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources. N. AND. Vavilova)
- Year of assumptions: 2005
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, to salmon and canning
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 80-90
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Transportability: High
- Production of commercial fruits,%: up to 93
See all the characteristics
Choosing tomato varieties for growing in the garden, many daches and farmers prefer unpretentious early tomatoes, which are productive and in beds and under film shelters. One of these is Tomato Marisha, with a light agrotechnology and excellent taste.
History of removal
Early Tomato Marisha is the result of the work of domestic breeders M. E. Egyiyan and O. D. SHAGINOVAY. Brought the grained culture in 2002. Included in the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation and allowed to use grade in 2005. Recommended for growing vegetable culture in the Far Eastern and North Caucasus regions. Productive tomato and in open soils, and under film shelters.
Description of varieties
Marisha is a low-speed determinant type bush. On average, the plant grows up to 40-50 cm in height. In the bushes, the average thickening of green foliage, a reprehensive central stem, moderate branchism, developed root and simple inflorescences. The first fruit brush is formed above 6-7 sheet. In each fruit brush, 4-5 tomatoes are tied.
During the cultivation, the bushes do not necessarily form, but experienced gardeners lead a plant in 2-3 stems, and there is also no need for a garter, since the seedlings are low. Removal of stepsing is carried out very rarely, because they grow up steasing slowly.
The appointment at the variety is universal, so the tomatoes eat fresh, marinate, quagitized, processed at refueling and mashed potatoes, also cans. Tomatoes are ideal for whole-fuel canning.
The main qualities of fruits
Marisha is a middle-grade vegetable, gaining a mass in the range of 55-124 grams. Fruit form is correct – rounded with a perfectly smooth surface ripe tomatoes are evenly covered with rich red color. In the state of technical ripeness, vegetables have light green color without a noticeable stain in the fruction.
The berry is moderately dense, not tough, with severe glitter. The peculiarity of tomatoes is their resistance to cracking, good transportability and long-lasting firmness without loss of taste and productual qualities.
Tasse qualities from tomato canceled. Middle density pulp, meaty, moderately juicy, with a small content of seeds. In the context of the flesh gentle, saturated scarlet color. Taste of vegetable classic – sour-sweet, supplemented with bright spicy aroma.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomatoes Marisha Railway. From the mass germination of seedlings to the appearance of ripe berries on the bushes, only 3 months passes – 80-90 days. For this species, the friendly ripening of fruits is characteristic. Tasting tomatoes from mid-July. The phase of active fruiting falls on July-August.
Variety variety is one of his advantages. With the correct observance of agrotechnical recommendations on 1 m2, you can grow and collect up to 8 kg of fragrant tomatoes. In industrial scales, yield indicators are also pleased: with 1 hectare you can collect 272-299 C vegetables.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Tomatoes are grown through seedlings. Sowing seeds spend in March – from the second half of the month. For the greenhouse you can sow seedlings in the first decade of April. Sowing material recommended to go through and disinfection. Soil used purchased. Seeding takes place for 5-7 days. Experts recommend providing seedlings greenhouse effect, applying glass or polyethylene.
As soon as 2-3 leaves appear on the bushes, you can spend a dive that will help strengthen the root system of plants. After the destruction, there are moderate watering and feeding.
At the age of 60-65 days of bush can be planted on a bed. As a rule, it falls on the second half of May, when the soil and the air are well protected.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Not only care is important for seedlings, but also the right placement on the site. 1 m2 It is recommended to post no more than 7 bushes. Recommended for landing is considered to be the scheme 40×50 cm.
Growing and care
Favorable for tomatoes Marisha is loose, fertile, moisture permeable and breathable soil with neutral acidity. The plot must warm up to the sun. The best place will be where the cucumbers, radishes, cabbage or zucchini have grown earlier. Care for vegetable culture consists of irrigation, fertilizer’s application, weeding beds, rootier ventilation and disease prevention.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Immunity at the plant medium, so do not forget about preventive spraying and processing. Often Tomato leaves phytophors due to the early ripening of fruits.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Despite the fact that Tomato Marisha is thermal-loving, he is resistant to many weather “surprises” – sharp temperature changes, a short drought and heat, night decreases, as well as short shaders. Growing vegetable, it is recommended to control the humidity.