- Authors: Kiramov O. D
- Year of assumptions: 2018
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 95
- Growing conditions: for open soil
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: 65-75
See all the characteristics
For many gardeners, the characteristics of grown crops are very important. One of the most sought-after is the constant. Tomato Lyrics refers to such varieties.
History of removal
In 2017, a new variety of tomatoes began to be developed in the company “Partner”. The main goal was to obtain a culture with a small maturation of fruits and rapid fruiting. The author performed the breeder of the Cyram about. D. And in 2018, the hybrid received tolerance to use. Culture is found and called F1 Lyrics.
Description of varieties
The hybrid is considered low, determinant. The height of the bush is not more than 65-75 cm. Stems powerful, well developed, dark green. Crown compact, branches do not spread. Due to the small growth, the bushes can not be configured to the support only if a small amount of fruits are formed on the branches.
Mid-sized leaves, rich-green, matte. On the surface of the sheet platinum are present: a middle section, veins and downs. From a strong drought or suns leaves can start rolling down or bend in different directions.
The first inflorescences are formed under the fourth pair of leaves below, follow-up – after one. On one branch is formed from 6 to 8 fruits. Buds can be switched to get a larger crop. Fruit is connected to vegetable hard, so the fruits do not appear on the ground.
Recommended number of stems during formation – 4-5 pieces.
The advantages of lyrics include:
Immunity to a row of fungal diseases;
cultivation in an open or closed soil;
From the disadvantages you can note a small mass of fruits.
The main qualities of fruits
Fruits are unrigible, rounded or flat-circular shape with a small ribbed at the base of the frozen. Color of vegetables red, unripe – light green. Skin dense, strong, not cracking. The weight of one fetus is 135-140 g. Larger arranged on the lower branches, ripen only at the very beginning and their weight can reach 180 g.
White-red tint flesh, juicy, dense, fleshy with a small wateryness. Inside 2 cameras with a small content of small seeds.
Tomato universal, so the fruits can be used fresh, use for salads and snacks, canning and marinations, as well as apply for the preparation of juices with flesh.
Many gardeners celebrate the sweet taste of tomatoes with small acids.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomato Lyrics – Early Culture. Ripening time 95 days for open soil and 75-80 days for closed. Fruits are formed together, but fruiting stretched. Vintage is going to several stages from July to September.
The amount of harvest directly depends on the place where the culture was grown, on average, the indicators with 1 m2 are 15.3-16.5 kg. With proper care, you can collect up to 20 kg.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
In the southern regions, seeds can be immediately sowed in open soil, and thanks to their seeds they will use themselves. It is important to note that before landing the land is worth helping and bragging. She must be warm enough.
For cold regions, seeds should be used to germinate in small capacities. To do this, in March, the seeds are soaked in water, and then in a solution of manganese. Fresh and fertilized land is poured into the seedlings. In the soil are made shallow wells – 2 cm.
After sowing soil sheds, covered with a film. Eat boxes are cleaned on the windowsill. After germination of seeds, the film is cleaned.
The room temperature should be +22 degrees. Water seedlings worth not more than 1-2 times a week. Feeding to bring after each watering.
Prication is carried out after a plant forms 2-3 strong leaflets. Seedlings again put on the windowsill, only now it needs to be protected from direct sunlight. As the leaves are still weak, they can get a burn.
10 days before landing in the soil, seedlings gradually acclimatize. Transfer carried out in May or June depending on the cultivation region.
Before picking, the selected area is drunk and richly spilled with water, then the holes are formed, and a small amount of ammonium nitrate can be poured to the bottom to stimulate the growth and good development of greenery.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The shoe depth is 15 cm, and the distance between the bushes should be 50×60 cm. On average, 1 m2 should accounted for 4-5 plants. This is necessary in order to subsequently facilitate the care of the culture, harvesting, as well as create normal conditions for air circulation.
Growing and care
In order to increase the yield and health of seedlings, it is necessary to observe some agrotechnical moments.
According to many gardeners, Tomato Lyrics loves moisture. Therefore, it is worth sticking to the irrigation schedule, at least two times a day. If there is a dry summer, then irrigation occurs every other day. If the culture grows on the beds, much will depend on weather conditions and the amount of precipitation.
Passing is made in time. The number of stalks on the bush should be no more than 4-5, all the remaining steps are removed by a sharp blade. Disintegrate extra leaves or branches should not be damaged stem. This may lead to the fact that the juice will be gathered in open source, which will attract pests. If you allow a thickening, then the yield drops.
Creation is held 1-2 times a week, all weeds are removed, and at this time the earth is frozen around the bush. Loosening helps to break the dry ground and saturates it with oxygen.
Due to the shortness of the stems, it is possible not to be supported in the first stages. But during the formation and ripening of fruits, this moment needs to be paid. If the trunk is leaning under the weight of the harvest, it is worth taking it.
In the arid summer, the Earth can be closed with sawdust or dry hay. Mulch will prevent the growth of weeds, and will also hold moisture.
Feeding are made several times per season. A week after disembarkation in soil bushes, you can treat nitrogen-containing minerals. At the time of the stocking and formation of fruits most often use potassium and phosphorus. Among natural fertilizers, seedlings are irrigated by a liquid solution of bird litter, manure, peat and wood ash.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The Lyrics hybrid has a good immunity to such diseases as:
But still it is worth conducting preventive spraying at least twice per season.
Among pests note:
In order to avoid the appearance of insects, the leir tomato can irrigate with a burgundy mixture or copper. Among folk remedies are popular and garlic solution.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus