- Authors: Lykova B.BUT., MIDED B.WITH., Altukhukhov Y.NS., Arkhipova T.NS.
- Year of assumptions: 2000
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for whole-fucked canning, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 92-107
- Growing conditions: for open soil
- Production of commercial fruits,%: 78%
- Bush size: Night-grade
See all the characteristics
If you want to grow early tomatoes on the site, which are unpretentious in leaving, stably and abundantly fruit, without occupying a lot of space, then you should pay attention to the variety of lights of Moscow.
History of removal
Early Tomato of Moscow Lights created a group of Russian breeders (Arkhipov, Altukhov, Lykova and Mihamed) in 1999. Replenished the ranks of the State Registry of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation Variety in 2000. Recommended for cultivation in all regions of Russia. Parable culture greatly grows in open soils.
Description of varieties
Moscow’s lights of Moscow is a low-speed determinant plant, which achieves 45 cm height. Semi-scattered bush has an average thickening with large dark green leaves, moderate branches, durable central stem, developed root system and intermediate type inflorescences. The first fruit brush grows over a 6-7 sheet, 3-5 berries are tied in it. During the cultivation, a garter may need to support and partial steaming, which will improve the amount and quality of the fruits on the bushes.
The feature of the species is that the tomato has a universal purpose, so it is very tasty in the fresh form, in the saline, in the recycled, in the form of blanks. Especially tasty tomato with whole-door canning.
The main qualities of fruits
The middle-grade vegetable lights of Moscow is characterized by medium sizes – 103-105 grams and the correct rounded form without the slightest robby on the surface. At the stage of maturity, the tomato is evenly covered in rich in red, and in the unripe form of a pale green color vegetable with a dark spexy. Tomato has dense skin, so it’s not terrible cracking, transportation and long-term fierce. Ideally, the correct shape and gloss peel provide a tomato product attraction.
Tomatoes are endowed with excellent taste – sweet-sour fruit, there is a pronounced spicy fragrance. The pulp of tomato is dense and fleshy. It is noteworthy that the vegetable is a good juiciness and a small amount of seeds.
Ripening and fruiting
MOSCOW LIGHTS OF MOSCOW. From the germination of sprouts to the pretext of fruits passes a little more than 3 months (102-107 days). Ripen the fruits gradually, so they are not always able to collect them with whole fruit brushes. The active phase of the fruction of the Polenic Culture falls for the period from mid-July to the second half of August.
Yield indicators at tomato stable high. In compliance with agrotechnical recommendations, you can remove with bushes growing on 1 m2, up to 3.6-5.2 kg of ripe berries.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Plant settled by a classic ever. Sowing material necessarily disinfected, and the soil is pre-disinfected. If necessary, the seeds are sorted. Sowing seeds falls on March 20-30 (55-60 days before the transplantation to the Grocery). The best medium for growing bushes is the room temperature + 22 … 27, sufficient humidity and good lighting. Seedlings will germinate in 3-5 days. After the appearance of 2-3-sheets on a bush, a dive is conducted. In addition, 7-10 days before the transplantation can be treated with plants. This is precisely the speedy adaptation of seedlings to new conditions.
The landing of bushes on the bed is held from 10 to 20 May, when behind the threat of night reducing temperature, and the temperature in the air stabilized.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Density and landing scheme are as important as adherence to all other carelines. Due to the fact that tomato bushes are quite compact, on 1 m2 you can land up to 4-6 plants. The ideal for planting tomatoes is considered to be a circuit 70×60 cm.
Growing and care
The area for the seedlings of tomatoes should be peeled from weeds, switched, to pass the air, loose, and moderately moistened and fertile. The best will be the place where the sun’s rays penetrate well. Most often, tomatoes of Moscow lights are planted on thin soils.
Caring for this variety Standard: Watering with warm water, soil loosening, introduction of mineral components, bunch of bushes, partial steaming (1 time per week) and removal of lower sheets, as well as prevention of viruses and protection against invasions of harmful insects.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The plant has high immunity, so tomato diseases of tomatoes are not afraid. Exception are viruses that are prevented by spraying.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
At the variety high stress resistance, so it is not terrible drought, sharp temperature fluctuations and heat. Negative impact on the culture can excessive humidity and drafts.