- Authors: Lukyanenko A.N., Dubinin S.IN., Dubinina I.N.
- Year of assumptions: 2010
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 90-95
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for closed soil
- Marketability: High
- Transportability: Yes
See all the characteristics
Every summer dackets dilute their range of grown tomatoes all new and new species. The main selection criteria are high and stable yield, stress resistance and simplicity of cultivation. It is precisely for such types of Parenic.
History of removal
Early Hybrid Dzhachikha’s grade brought a group of Russian breeders in 2009. A year later (in 2010), Tomato replenished the ranks of the selection register of the Russian Federation, and was also allowed to use. All climatic zones of the country are recommended growing regions. Successfully grows by the grated culture and in greenhouses, and in the greenhouses, and in the gardening beds.
Description of varieties
Kupchikha – determine the middle growth tomato growing up to 700-800 mm. The hybrid plant has a moderate thickening of a large dark green foliage, a strong central stem with fragile branches, a powerful root system and a simple type inflorescence. It is characterized by a kind of cystic fruiting. One brush gives 5-6 stocks (tomatoes).
Growing culture, it is recommended to form a bush in 1 stem, extremely rarely in 2-3 barrels, to support the support, otherwise fragile branches will be fed and rolled under the severity of tremendous tomatoes. In step-down, the plant does not need, since the growth of new steppers is very slow, but it is necessary to get rid of excess foliage, as it can close the access of light to the fruits.
The main qualities of fruits
Kupchaika represents a class of large-scale tomatoes. It is characterized by a flat-circular form with a low-rise ribbon. Classic tomato color – bright red with ripeness. In the unripe state of a green tomato, with a light spot at the base. Tomatoes-giants on average are gaining weight to 200-250 grams. The skin in vegetable is perfectly smooth, with clear overflows, thin, but durable, well-protecting the fetus from the appearance of cracks. In addition, tomato is transportable and endowed with long-term focus: vegetables can be stored 45 days.
Tomatoes are distinguished by beautiful taste. They are sweet, without the slightest sourness, are well complemented by fragrant spice, present at many tomatoes. Flesh berry fleshy, moderately dense, with a limited number of seeds, very juicy, but not watery. Due to juiciness, tomatoes are ideal for refining for refueling, sauces.
Ripening and fruiting
Kupchikha – Early View of Parenic. From the stage of germination to a ripe tomato on the brush runs 3 months (90-95 days). The culture fruction is early and friendly, which allows you to shoot tomatoes with whole fruit tassels. The return of fruits falls on July. Sometimes tomatoes begin to sing from late June.
Crop yield canceled. It is characteristic that in open soils, the indicators are slightly higher than in greenhouses and greenhouse structures. Under all agrotechnical rules, 1 m2 gives up to 9.2 kg.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Singing grains is better spent at the end of March. Seeding seedlings are performed indoors with a temperature of + 20-22, where more than 14 hours a day there are sufficient lighting. Accelerate the process will allow glass or film. After growing 2-3 leaves, dive is conducted. 10 days before the transplantation of plants need to harden in street conditions.
Transfer to the garden is performed when the bush has 6-7 sheets and 1 fruit brush. The procedure is performed in the second half of the last month of spring.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The scheme and the placement density of seedlings are very important in the process of cultivation, so they should be observed. Due to the fact that tomato bushes are moderately compact, 3-4 plants can be positioned by 1 m2. When disembarking you need to follow the scheme 50×60 cm.
Growing and care
For healthy growth, seedlings need loose, fertile and moistened soil, peeled from weeds. The best place for cultivation is the soil, which previously grew cabbage or pumpkin. Comprehensive tomato care includes regular irrigation, fertilizers, soil loosening, formation and garter of the bush, as well as prevention of ailments.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Grade immunity high. Variety immune to fusarious fading and verticillosis. The phyotophtor is subjected to tomato only if it grows in an excessively wet environment. From the invasion of pests will save the timely spraying with a special solution.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Culture has excellent portability of stress factors: temperature fluctuations, droughts, heat. Negatively, the plant affects the excess of air humidity, which can lead to the development of drone spot.