- Authors: Siberian selection
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 105-110
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for greenhouses
- Marketability: High
- Transportability: High
- Bush size: Tall
See all the characteristics
Huge popularity of gardeners enjoy large-scale salad tomatoes. One of the representatives of this numerous family is an intederminant grade of the king of giants, intended for growing in the open ground, as well as in glazed, polycarbonate, film greenhouses. The plant gives a large tasty berry, suitable for summer and winter salads, cutting, cooking sauces and juices. All fruits are distinguished by high freight indicators and good transportability.
History of removal
The king of giants is a relatively young variety, on sale its seeds appeared in 2010. The variety is not yet registered in the state-satellite achievement of the Russian Federation, however, the efforts of Siberian breeders were crowned with success. The king of giants gained universal love of gardeners.
Description of varieties
Tall (100-170 cm and above) The bush successfully fruits in the garden in the warm regions, in moderate latitudes it must be grown in greenhouse conditions. Weak shoots are not covered with too thick, dark green foliage of medium sized. Sheet plate has light wrinkles and small cuts around the edges.
Yellow flowers form a simple inflorescence, the first brush is formed above 9-11 sheet, all subsequent – through 3 sheets. Unlimited growth obliges the owner to pinch the growth point upon reaching the optimal height. As a rule, pinching over 5-6 brush gives the best results – the plant has time to give the crop of large and irrevocated berries.
The advantages of the king of giants:
- rich set of vitamins and trace elements;
- High yields, taste and commodity indicators;
- Good resistance to most of the grated diseases;
- excellent bleeding, transportability, as well as large-position;
- Preserving parental properties in subsequent generations, which allows you to use in the future your seeds.
- Sunny location is required;
- mandatory steps, formation, border;
- An adult plant suffers from whitefly, and young seedlings require increased attention.
The following disadvantages can be called traditional cultural requirements, since such problems are characteristic of almost all varieties. With proper care and observance of agrotechnical conditions, any gardener will be able to get a good harvest of magnificent large-scale berries.
The main qualities of fruits
Rounded large-scale berries (from 500 to 1000 g), green in immature state, change the color to bright red in the stage of technical and physiological ripeness. Possess good fierce. Seed cameras are clearly visible on the cut, usually there are no more than 8 pieces.
The fleshy and juicy flesh is covered with dense skin, allowing you to transport tomatoes for long distances without trade damage. However, there is a small nuance. Long hanging on a bush of ripe fruits appears a tendency to cracking, so it is better to collect a slightly imposed prison, if the transportation is to be transported. Gentle sweet taste has light pleasant sourness.
Ripening and fruiting
Stroke stretched – maturation occurs after 105-110 days, but the harvest is collected from July to September.
Tomato is considered a high-yielding – with a good agrotechnology from one bush removed from 7-8 kg, from a square meter – from 22 kg, and this is not the limit.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds to seedlings are held in January – March, permanently transplanted in May – June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The optimal option for placing plants in the ground – up to 3 roots per square meter, or according to the 50×50 cm scheme.
Growing and care
Like all medium and lateral varieties, this is grown by a seaside. Before landing at a permanent place, you should order seedlings. For this capacity, they are put on the street so that gentle plants are accustomed to the environment, to the aggressive spring sunshine. If there is no such possibility, a sufficiently open balcony. Closer to the period of seedlings should already spend the night on the street, getting used to daily temperature differences.
Using the principles of crop rotation, it is necessary to take into account that there will be good predecessors:
Do not grow tomatoes after the Parotnic, as it is the cultures of one group, and they have the same enemies.
The place should be well lit, protected from drafts and strong winds. Soil acidity level is close to neutral. If necessary, the land is depleted by bone or dolomite flour, lime, chalk, plaster. The soil must be loose, breathable, otherwise the roots will begin to suffer from lack of oxygen, which oppressively affects the development of the plant. Since the tall bushes need a support, you should take care in advance and prepare stakes or material for organizing a sleeve. The soil in the ridges and wells enrich the organic (humus, compost, bird litter), mineral fertilizers, add wood ash.
Further care lies in regular irrigation, weeding, loosening, dipping, feeding, steaming and formation in 1-2 stem. In addition, it is necessary to pinch the growth point of approximately 5-7 brushes to get full, large and well-ridden fruits.
Watering are carried out with maximum care. In the king of the giants, the root system can produce water much lower than the surface of the Earth, so the excess moisture on the surface can harm him. It is more correct to water abundantly, but rarely. This is done as follows – once a week, the land is spilled deep into three centimeters in open areas, in the greenhouse – if necessary.
During flowering, nitrogen is introduced during the bootonization period – phosphorus-potash fertilizers. Several times per season you can feed the culture of “green tea” (fermented netting nettle with the addition of bread residues) or a cowbank solution.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety has an increased resistance to the main diseases of the grained crops, but this does not mean that it is invulnerable. Excessive overvailing can lead to the appearance of phytoofluorosis, for the king of giants is dangerous:
- May and Colorado beetles;
- Lipging and Bakhchy Tl.
In order to prevent infection, it is necessary to carry out regular inspections and preventive processing insecticides and fungicides.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
The king of giants confidently copes with a slight cooling. Not terrible to him and short-term drought, since the variety has a powerful root system that goes deep into.
The king of giants, like all tall large-diplodes, can actively and fully fruit on the garden only in favorable conditions of the southern regions – Crimea, Krasnodar Territory, Moldova, Kuban, CCO. The more severe climate of the middle strip, like the northern regions, will be able to provide a tomato of proper conditions only in greenhouses, where, when maintaining the necessary microclimate and lighting, it can be grown year-round.