- Authors: Gavrish S. F., Morav B. IN., Amcheslavskaya E. IN., Wolf O. BUT., Gavrish F. WITH. (LLC Research Institute of Selections of Vegetable Cultures, LLC “Breakdown Firm Gavrish”)
- Year of assumptions: 2004
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for whole-fucked canning
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 112-119
- Growing conditions: for film greenhouses, for greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: more than 200
See all the characteristics
Choosing a tomato for landing at the cottage, gardeners take into account different factors. Someone is important color, someone wants a certain size, and there are those who make a choice in favor of varieties with an unusual form. Hokhloma variety belongs to such tomatoes.
History of removal
Russian breeders known for their other works became the authors of the Khokhloma variety. This is Gavrish S. F., Morav B. IN., Amcheslavskaya E. IN., Wolf O. BUT., Gavrish F. WITH. Originators of steel selection of vegetable cultures and “BEACTING FIRM GAVRISH”. In 2004, the Khokhloma variety included in the State Register of the Russian Federation and recommended for cultivation in temporary film shelters, in film unheated greenhouses in gardening and garden sites, as well as in small farms.
Description of varieties
The grade Khokhloma is a strong-resistant, referring to the inteterminant, and therefore it grows up to 2 m and above. Middle Size Leaves, Dark Green. The first of the simple inflorescences is formed over 8 or 9 sheet, then the wounds go every 3 sheets. In brushes lay from 12 to 15 fruits, which are attached firmly, do not appear. Stored with a bush of tomatoes for up to 2-3 weeks due to strong and dense skin. Are also transported very well, almost without loss and taste, and a commodity type.
The main qualities of fruits
The berries of the grade under consideration have a cylinder form. According to some descriptions, they can be banana-shaped. As for the color, then immature fruit is always light green, and the ripe has a traditional and bright red color. Nests inside the fetus 2-3. Weigh tomatoes on average 108-127 grams. Length of an elongated tomato – 10-12 cm.
Tomatoes Khokhloma have excellent taste, characterized by a large number of vitamins in the composition. Ideal for whole-fuel canning. Some disadvantages are excessive density of vegetable, not too pronounced juiciness and thick peel. For example, the juice will prepare will be difficult. However, many, on the contrary, like the crust and the density of ripe tomatoes.
Ripening and fruiting
Khokhloma tomatoes ripen on 112-119 days after germination. Refer to them to the middle-easier group. Collect fruits in the second month of summer.
The yield of commercial fruits is almost always at the level of 8.5-9.9 kg / kV. M. From one bush can be removed from 4.5 to 5.5 kg of tomatoes.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Khokhloma grade tomatoes are possible both on open beds and in greenhouse conditions. Start planting seeds to seedlings stands in March. Before sowing, the seeds are treated with a solution of manganese, then washed in clean water. Picked at stage 1 of the present leaf. Transferring ready for landing seedlings is made on the following dates: to the greenhouse – in April, in the open ground – in May.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Planting recommended 3-4 sprouts per 1 square. Efficient landing scheme – 40×60 cm.
Growing and care
Hokhloma Tall Tall Tomatoes, so you need to take care of the garter of bushes to a grinder or support.
For cultivation, it is best easy to fit and fertile soil, where in the past season such cultures, like cabbage, cucumbers, carrots, legumes and onions. A plant is formed in 1 stem, all goes are removed.
The complex of cultural care measures includes watering with subsequent jams, the removal of weeds, feeding with special mineral fertilizers.
Watering better in the morning or in the evening, but in no case maybe. As for the frequency of irrigation, it is about 2 times a week. If there is a heat, you have to water more often. To abandon loosening, you can make a layer of mulch from foliage, hay or straw around plants.
Undercalinks are needed in the amount of at least 4 for the growing season: 2 weeks after landing, before flowering, as well as after it is completed, when the fruits appear.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Khokhloma has a good immunity. It is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, fusariasis, colaporiosis. But this does not mean the rejection of preventive spraying. It is especially important to do after the rain period or cold weather.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Khokhloma variety is recommended for growing in the greenhouse conditions of the Northern, North-West, Central, Volga-Vyatsky, Middle Autonomous Regions, as well as in the North Caucasus and in CSCO. On the beds in the open ground it is possible to land in southern areas with a softer climate.