- Authors: Vasilyev Yu.IN., Vinogradova A.F.
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-100
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Height of the bush, see: 90-100
- Leaves: medium size, green
See all the characteristics
With the beginning of the new landing season, summer residents are engaged in searching for tomatoes that will be grown in areas. Along with numerous innovations offered by breeders, do not forget about classic varieties, among which the Hermitage Ermitage.
History of removal
Early Tomato Hermitage is derived by domestic breeders. F. Vinogradova and Yu. IN. Vasilyev in 2003. After 4 years, in 2007, culture was introduced into the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation and allowed to use. A variety was created specifically for the North-West region, but over time, the geography of the cultivation of this type of tomatoes has expanded significantly. Plant grows and fish beds, in film greenhouses.
Description of varieties
Hermitage is the average dederminant type plant, reaching the height of 90-100 cm. Branches in bushes compact, moderately thickened by green foliage, the root system is well developed, and the inflorescence of a simple type. A healthy bush forms 6-8 fruit brushes, where 7-9 berries are tied. During the cultivation of tomatoes, it will take the formation of bushes in 2-4 stems, compulsory removal of steps, as well as the garter of the trunks and branches to the supports. Tomatoes have a salad destination, therefore, ideal for consuming fresh, for the preparation of salads, for processing on juices, pasta, mashed potatoes.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomato Hermitage – this is a representative of middle-deployment of grain cultures. On average, the mass of the tomato is 100 grams. The shape of the vegetable is correct – the plane-building with barely visible ribbed. Ripe vegetable is evenly covered with a rich-red color, and on the ripening phase – green. Peel in medium density berries, without stiffness, glossy. Tomato is not cracking, it is well tolerate transportation, as well as a long time is stored without loss of taste and productual qualities.
Taste in Vegetable Classic, Tomato, Balanced. The flesh of fruits is dense, fleshy, mean. In taste there are equal shares of acid and sweetness, complemented by spicy aroma, which have many varietal tomatoes. Seeds in meakty little, watery is not observed.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomatoes Hermitage Radonevy. From the moment of the germination of seedlings before the appearance of ripe berries on the bushes passes 95-100 days. The period of fruiting at the variety stretched. The active phase of ripening and fruiting begins with the second half of June and lasts until the end of the summer.
Variety varieties are good. With proper agricultural engineering on 1 m2 you can grow up to 7 kg of delicious tomatoes. When growing in the greenhouse, the tomato is more productive, therefore it can give 4-5 kg from one bush.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Hermitage Tomato is grown by a seaside way. Sowing seeds is held from mid-March. Seeds are pre-crossed, disinfect in a solution of manganese. The germination of sprouts occurs on 5-7 days. To improve the process, you can cover seedlings with seedlings with glass or polyethylene. Indoors where bush grow should be warm, from 20 to 24 degrees, and light. At the stage of the emergence of 2-3-sheets, seeding bushes on separate cups. During this period, it is necessary to make fertilizers, perform watering. To quickly adapt bushes to a new place, you can prepare them in advance – harden.
The seedlings of the age of 60-65 days are transplanted, when 6-7 leaves have grown on each bush and one floral brush has been formed.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
It is necessary not only to provide watering and feeding plants, but also to put them on the bed. On 1 m2 it is necessary to have 3 tomato bushes, no more. Recommended for landing is considered scheme 40×50 cm.
Growing and care
Before planting seedlings, choose a plot that should be clean from weeds and well-lit sunlights. The soil must be loose, fertile and breathable. The best place will be where the zucchini, cucumbers or radishes grew. Tomato care includes watering, feeding, supper, formation and garters, steaming, as well as protection against insects and viruses.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
This species has high disease resistance to many hazardous diseases – a tobacco mosaic virus, a fusarious wilt, colaporiosis, alternariasis. In addition, early ripening time allow tomatoes bypass phytoophluorosis. Protection protection of pests will provide processing of biopreparations.
Resistance to disadvantaged weather conditions
Tomato’s stress resistance. It is well tolerating return freezers, temperature fluctuations, short sorts and heat. Weak immunity in culture to drafts and excessive humidity, due to which some diseases may arise.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus