- Authors: Turkmenistan
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: seventenerminants
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 100-110
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for greenhouses
- Transportability: Yes
- Height of the bush, see: 40-60
- Refrigerant: Middle
See all the characteristics
The famous variety of tomatoes The heart of Ashgabat was created by amateur breeders from Turkmenistan in the 60th century for growing in the open ground, in Russia he most often landed in greenhouses. Sevenmantic bushes of this plant do not take too much space in the country area, and the resulting fruits look attractive, well tolerate transportation, they are distinguished by excellent marketability.
Description of varieties
Tomato Heart of Ashgabat refers to the straak varieties. The height of the bushes usually does not exceed 40-60 cm, they have the average. In the greenhouse they can pull up to 100 cm and more. By themselves, the bushes are powerful, strong, with medium-sized leaves, light green shade. Fruit brushes are simple or intermediate, form at a height of 6-8 sheets, may contain up to 10 stocks at the same time.
The main qualities of fruits
Large orange tomatoes of this variety have a middle mass in 300-400 g, heart shape. Flesh under the skin is fleshy, little. In the composition of fruits there is no high concentration of purines. They are hypoallergenic, do not cause negative reactions.
Tomatoes are suitable for consuming fresh or cooking juice. Their taste is sweet, without kissing. Tasting evaluation of fruit is high, they also have a noticeable pleasant aroma.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety refers to the middle-easier. Fruits collection usually start 100-110 days after landing.
High-yielding grade. From the bush, it is possible to collect up to 4-7 kg of fruits. Per 1 m2 indicators even higher. Page volumes can reach 20-30 kg.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
With independent collection of landing material, it is important to give the fruits to completely rush on the bushes, in a natural way. Their seeds are released from the chambers and dry. Before sowing, the material is subject to disinfecting processing. After that, they can be sent to germinate or process stimulating substances. The optimal term for this comes in March, 55-60 days before the transfer to a permanent place.
If further cultivation is planned in a greenhouse, it is worth picking a soil from it to sit down, having previously renewing it with a hot copper cune. Peat or humus, sand, coconut substrate or sawdust mixes to the soil. On 1 bucket of the resulting composition add 30 g of superphosphate and as many wood ashs. And you can also use ready-made soil.
In the open ground plants send from the end of April in the south. In the central regions it happens in 2-3 decade of May. In the north – in early June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Optimal landing density – 4 plants per 1 kV. M. Most often they are in checker.
Growing and care
The formation of the bush is carried out in 2-3 stems. Plants need a garter in the period of fruiting to avoid branches of branches. Without normalization, tomatoes are getting smaller. Optimal is the amount of up to 3-4 fruits.
Before germination, seed tomatoes are kept under the film. Then without it, but necessarily under intense lighting. Checking allows you to prevent a strong drawing of seedlings. Watering is moderately produced, and drafts should also be avoided. After picking at stage 2 of these sheets every 14 days, feeding the mineral complexes with phosphorus.
In the open ground, plants can be transferred no earlier than the earth warms down to a depth of 150 mm. The beds are carefully passed, dripped, fertilize with a rewind manure in a volume of 6 kg per 1 m2. In the soil with high acidity it is worth making a little lime or wood ash. Spring beds are disinfected with heated copper sulfate solution.
In each well, set the support to which the garter is to be performed. Watering after landing do not be very abundant, spending up to 1 l of water on the bush. Then make a break in 2 weeks for acclimatization. Subsequent irrigation mode is installed with a frequency after 2-3 days, introducing 2 liters of water.
In the days of steps, the contribution of moisture is not produced. And also worth regularly removing drooping leaves. Break all the leaves below 1 flower brush, but not more than 3 pieces at times. Feeders are produced 4 times during the season. It is recommended to alternate the application of silo, chicken litter or rewinding manure, mineral complexes.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Plants are practically not affected by fungal infections. A variety is high resistance to colaporiosa, a tobacco mosaic virus, alternariasis. Phytoofluorosis bushes of tomatoes amazed weakly.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
During the protracted rains, the heart of Ashgabat may have a tendency to cracking fruit. On the formation of obscenities, unfavorable weather conditions do not affect. Night cooling plants are not afraid, but in general they do not have frost resistance.
The variety is recommended for landing in Crimea, in the Stavropol Territory, Astrakhan and Rostov regions. Here it is fully adapted for growing in the open ground. In the rest of the regions, tomatoes can be obtained in greenhouse conditions – both under the film and under capital isolate or polycarbonate.
Grade The Heart of Ashgabat refers to the collectible – his seeds are trying to buy amateur-lovers from many regions of Russia. Those who succeeded, highly appreciate the prospects for this tomato. Fruiting, indeed, it turns out impressive in volume, and the tomatoes themselves, especially in the first wave of the crop, demonstrate a set of weight up to 600 g and even more. As the old variety, its characteristics are well studied, allow you to avoid surprises when growing.
Sades note that the heart of Ashgabat does not differ especially good fierce, like other salad tomatoes. But this variety demonstrates the very early achievement of maturity among large-scale tomatoes. His prases for excellent taste, pleasant consistency of the flesh, unusual yellow-orange color. But there are disadvantages. For example, with a small amount of sun, tomatoes are noticeably losing in flavoring qualities, become fresh.