- Authors: Siberian selection
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 111-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: 50-70
- Color of mature fruit: Raspberry
See all the characteristics
The fruits of tomatoes are a pretty interesting view – in the form of a pear, from where and the name of the variety. Attracts gardeners gardeners This culture is also the fact that it does not require any special conditions for its cultivation.
History of removal
Tomato Grushovka – product of folk selection. Therefore, there are currently many varieties with a similar name. Some of them are derived exactly of the old variety. Thus, this type of tomatoes – a variety having a history of several generations. In the article we will look at the tomato GRASHOSKA Siberian selection.
Description of varieties
This tomato culture is a versatile variety. A bush in a closed greenhouse can reach 105 cm, while on the outdoor load, the Georstek grows up to half a meter. The main difference between the variety – bushes cease to grow after formation on a bush from 5 to 7 brushes (6 tomatoes on one brush).
Despite the lowestness of the variety, it requires a mandatory garter of the stalks loaded with fruits. The culture is planted both in greenhouses and on the open soil. Fruits are perfectly stored, fully transferred long-term transportation.
The main qualities of fruits
Pear-shaped fruits have a beautiful raspberry color. Weight and size of tomatoes average: Each such a fruit has a lot of 80 to 120 grams, but can reach 250.
Georgic fruits are pretty fleshy, juicy flesh, durable. Tomatoes have a pleasant figure of taste and aroma. There is a small acids. The vegetable is considered universal for use in cooking. Tomatoes of varieties are ideal for whole-fuel canning, as well as for consumption in the fresh form.
Ripening and fruiting
GRUSHOVKA – Typical midverter. For the ripening of fruits, the period of about 111-115 days will be required.
When growing in the greenhouse, gardeners celebrate high yields of varieties. The maximum collection rate from one plant was noted at 5-6 kilograms. It should be said that this requires the correct culture care.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
It is recommended to land seeds for seedlings 1.5-2 months before landing in the ground. When planting seeds, it is necessary to observe a depth of 2-3 cm to which sowing. Otherwise there will be weak sprouts.
After the first sheets appear, the seedlings are made by purchased ready-made complexes or ash in the amount of 120 grams per square meter. Pication can be carried out when 3 whole leaves appear in seedlings.
Further, in order for seedlings to strengthen the transplantation into the ground, it is necessary to carry out acclimatization of sprouts to new conditions. Do it need gradually.
Planting seedlings on an open site is possible after heating the soil to 14-16 degrees of heat. Exact time in different regions will be varied. But on average, after 60-65 days after seeding. As for landing in a greenhouse, it is carried out a little earlier.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
To assemble a good harvest, it is recommended to plant on 1 square meter:
- In the open ground – 5-6 bushes;
- At the shelter place – 4-5 plants.
Growing and care
Agrotechnology Tomatov Grushovka includes regular events that do not differ in great complexity.
Before the landing, you should be equipped with organic fertilizers, such as dry roots, leaves, ash. They can be supplemented with nitrogen compositions. 3 weeks after landing in the ground, another feeding is carried out – here are complex drugs.
The first watering is made only with warm water. Then the soil is moisturized as the soil drying. After another watering, it is necessary to brag soil for good access of oxygen and nutrition to the roots. Be sure to make a weeding, not allowing the tomb of tomatoes weeds.
Sorted GRASHSOVA, as already mentioned, needs a garter of trunks, but steaming is not conducted either in very rare cases. It is also important not to forget to conduct timely prevention of diseases and attacks of pests.
One of the components of successful cultivation of the Georgian is the acquisition of high-quality varietal seeds.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus