- Authors: Natalia Viktorovna, Kanajnik Vladimir Georgievich, Gulkin Mikhail Nikolaevich, LLC Agrofirma “Aelita”
- Year of assumptions: 2013
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 111-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Height of the bush, see: 160-200
- Leaves: medium size, green
See all the characteristics
Varieties derived in the early 2010s are already gradually becoming a classic. And their characteristics are time to know each gardener who wants to update their collection of tomatoes. Culture of maiden hearts can be a good choice in this regard.
History of removal
Such a tomato was created in Agrofirm Aelita LLC. The development of culture was the breeders of Nastenko, the Careken and Gulkin. Works were conducted in the 2000s and early 2010. State admission to the garden cultivation of maiden hearts issued in 2013.
Description of varieties
It is referred to as an inteterminant category. Cultivation is possible both in open land and in greenhouses under the film. The plant was zoned in:
- Western Siberia;
- the edges and regions of the Far East;
- central chernozem;
- Moscow region;
- Ural and Eastern Esibirsk Regions;
- Volga region.
The height of the bushes is from 1.6 to 2 m. They develop medium-sized leaves. For this foliage typical simple green color. Use the crop can be fresh. He also becomes an excellent raw material for juice.
The main qualities of fruits
The newly emerged berries at the beginning of the vegetative season will have a light green color. In the base area (frozen), the same light green stain is formed there. Its tone is only slightly different from the main background. When the harvest is sleeping, he blins. The mass of berries is 0.15-0.17 kg.
In form they really resemble hearts. For such tomatoes, the ribbies are also typical. In one brush you can see up to 10 berries. They will be formed on complex inflorescences. Through tomatoes are adjacent articulated fruits.
For maiden hearts is characteristic of sweet, but not tortured taste. The fruits are moderately dense flesh. Tastors note the juiciness of most berries. Their assessment consumers exclusively high.
Ripening and fruiting
Maiden Hearts – Simple Middle Culture. On average, between the sorting of shoots and the beginning of the harvest takes place from 111 to 115 days. Collection time falls for July, August and September.
Maiden hearts can give from 10 to 10.5 kg of 1 kg berries. M. Such a small scatter allows you to count on a stable value for collecting. Critically important in many cases may be strict compliance with the norms of agriculture.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Time to plant seeds in big pots or containers comes in the first half of March. Replanatory seedlings in the soil need not earlier than the middle of May. Usually the term for this procedure ends on June 5. But occasionally in the cold or warm year will have to change this schedule. Specific decision should adopt a particular situation of gardeners.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Standard order – 600×500 mm. Maximum number of bushes for 1 kV. M – no more than 4 pieces. This is only allowed when it is necessary to achieve maximum fertility. If you restrict ourselves to 3 plants, you can significantly simplify care.
Growing and care
Removal of steppers will be strictly mandatory. Without tapping to the support, it will also be very difficult to do. The formation is carried out at its discretion. It is necessary to make it in 1 or 2 stems. Open cultivation is recommended for southern regions. In the middle lane and cooler regions it is necessary to use greenhouse shelters.
Cultivation in greenhouses differs little from the cultivation of other varieties. The susceptibility to the main diseases of tomatoes makes the use of preventive processes. Too frequent entry of the feeding is impractical, because it can provoke excessive growth of stepsins. When removing the leaves, you need to act carefully, so that the skin is not shot from the barrel. Watering tomato maiden hearts 1 or 2 times a week.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus