- Authors: Ognev B.IN., Klimenko N.N., Kostenko A.N., Sergeev B.IN.
- Year of assumptions: 2009
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Height of the bush, see: 35-60
- Branchism: Middle
See all the characteristics
Tomato Gina TST has proven itself as a high-yielding domestic variety. Cope with vegetable culture is easy, so that this type is recommended by novice gardeners, without experience.
Description of varieties
Low bushes reach a height of 35-60 centimeters. Growth Type – Determinant (Limited). Grown bushes in greenhouses or in open areas, depending on the climatic features of the region. As a rule, the fruits use in fresh form, enjoying excellent gastronomic qualities. Branches – middle. Shoots covered green leaves of medium size.
During flowering, the bushes form small yellow flowers that are going to simple inflorescences. The first brush is laid over 9 sheet. It is simultaneously formed from 5 to 6 tomatoes.
The main qualities of fruits
Immature tomatoes have a green color, and ripe easily determine the bright red color. The average mass of vegetables reaches 200 grams, but sometimes it is possible to grow vegetables in weight up to 300-400 grams. Dimensions – large, in width of the fruits reach 7-8 centimeters. Form – Slavborubria, Round. The pulp in the measure is dense and very juicy, not water. Skin smooth, with gloss, without wrinkles. When cut, you can detect from 6 to 8 seed nests.
Due to the dense peel, tomatoes are remarkably retained, without cracking. Vintage is often grown for commercial purposes, as tomatoes easily carry long-term transportation.
The taste of mature vegetables is marked as balanced and pleasant. It harmoniously combines sweetness and kissing.
Ripening and fruiting
The timing of crop ripening is from 110 to 115 days, so the variety is considered the secondary-range. Collect tomatoes from July to August. Tomatoes can be left to win on the bushes or assemble and transfer to a dark and cool place. Maximum fruiting falls on the first half of July.
Despite the fact that the fruits of this variety are recommended to eat in fresh form, they are considered universal. Tomatoes are used not only for the preparation of salads and vegetable snacks, but also for the following dishes and delicacies: juice, refueling, pasta, vegetable caviar, billet for the winter, different types of conservation. Due to large size, tomatoes are not chosen for whole-fucked canning.
Gina TST – high-yielding grade. With one square meter of the site, 6 kilograms of tomatoes are assembled. From one bush you can get from 2 to 2.5 kilograms of vegetables. Maximum harvest can be achieved in the southern regions. There, from one meter of the plantation, you can get up to 15-20 kilograms of fruits.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Experienced gardeners note the following dates:
- For sowing to seedlings – the period from March and before the beginning of April;
- disembarking bushes in the soil – May-beginning of summer.
Singing the sowing material recommended in the second half of March. With proper cultivation, shoots appear quickly, and after 45-50 days, seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place of landing. Some gardeners of the southern regions choose a reckless way to grow vegetables. In this case, the grains are sowing under the film to create a greenhouse effect. Work performed at the end of April, and the first tomatoes are collected at the end of July.
In the rest of the regions it is desirable to grow a variety. Suitable soil can be prepared independently (peat and garden soil are mixed in the same proportions, with the addition of wood ash and sand pinch) or purchase ready. Soil disinfection is also carried out with the help of a weak-pink solution of manganese (1%) or hydrogen peroxide (3%).
Saplings are grown in greenhouses, covered with thick film or transparent glass. Temperature regime – 25-27 degrees of heat Celsius. The lack of sunlight is compensated by phytolampa. After 7 days, the shelter is removed, and after the formation of three leaves, young bushes are dedicated in separate containers. The temperature starts slowly reduced to room level. A week after picking in the ground, comprehensive feeders with minerals contribute. Challenge seedlings spend 10-15 days before transplantation. Tar with plants are hardened at a temperature of 15-17 degrees Celsius.
After carrying the bushes to constantly the place of cultivation, they should regularly irrigate, approximately 1-2 times a week. Comprehensive fertilizers or organics also contribute. Fertilize plants every 2-3 weeks. Soil around bushes loose, and weighing plants remove. When growing tomatoes in the greenhouses, the room must be regularly ventilated.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
When forming bushes in 2 stems on a square meter, 3 bushes are grown, when choosing an option in 1 stem, the number of plants can be increased to 4 pieces. In the greenhouse conditions, the tomatoes are planted in a chess order, leaving between them between them in 50 centimeters, and between neighboring rows – from 60-70 centimeters.
Growing and care
To get a rich harvest, grown bushes in loose and air soil. To prepare a suitable soil at home, you need to mix part of the sand, with part of the humid and the turf. There is a part of the peat. All components are thoroughly mixed and sifted. You can also buy a finished substrate. Earth is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This component nourishes soil minerals, and also speeds up the growth of seeds.
When choosing a place to cultivate a variety of Gina TST, it is necessary to take into account which cultures have previously grown on a specific site. If pepper, potatoes, physalis or eggplants grew up on the site, it is advisable to choose another place for growing. The territory is wonderful, where legumes of crops, salad, carrots or onions grew earlier.
Artificial pollination is carried out when growing vegetables in greenhouses. Preparing beds are engaged in the fall. They are fed by organic compositions, and the site itself is carefully loosen. Manual pollination significantly improves fruiting.
Fertilize plants in the formation of uncess and crop maturation. The first portion of the feeding is made approximately after a half months after transplanting seedlings. Then the nutrients contribute after a week and a half weeks. The third time the tomatoes fertilize 2 weeks. The fourth portion of the feeding is brought 20 days later. Irrigation at this time.
High efficiency demonstrate infusions on herbs and complex compositions rich in minerals. To protect the plants from the negative impact of pathogenic organisms and increase the preservation of fruits, three times a month irrigated, using a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Also performs spraying of bushes with protective means for disease prevention. Special substances will be removed by the crop of infections and dangerous insects.
Pour tomatoes about twice a week so that dry crust appears on the surface of the earth. Weighing plants need to be removed immediately when they appear. When fruiting irrigation frequency is expensive. At air temperature in 28 degrees, the plants watered every day.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus