- Authors: Dederko B. N., Postnikova O. IN.
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-125
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: middle-resistant
- Height of the bush, see: 100-150
See all the characteristics
Tomato varieties with pink vegetable color are extremely popular due to high gastronomic qualities. Fruits with such a colors have reduced acidity, which is very important for people with the problems of the gastrointestinal tract. Such varieties include Fidelio vegetable culture. This is a classic representative of the Rosovo Tomatoes.
Tomato was derived by the efforts of Siberian breeders who were inspired by exotic varieties of Cuba. Specialists brought the most popular island varieties to the country and adapted them to new conditions.
Description of varieties
In film greenhouses or in an open-air, Fidelio bushes will feel good and delight with stable fruiting. A variety with intederminant growth type is average and grows up to 1-1.5 meters in height. The fruits of universal destination are suitable for cooking dishes, snacks and billets for the winter. Medium in thick vegetable mass consists of large leafs of dark green. Form – standard, tomato.
The variety boasts a stable yield even in dry and hot. In this regard, it is chosen for regions with a sultry climate. The peculiarity of this variety is the unusual “wobby” form of bushes. If you do not suggest shoots, they lean to the ground and can even break through poor quality garter and improper use of supports. Inflorescences – simple.
The main qualities of fruits
Immature green vegetables acquire a rich raspberry shade attracting the attention of dachens. The size of the fruit is considered large, and in the mass they type about 330 grams (on average). Experienced vegetable breeding methods to grow larger vegetables weighing about 800-900 grams. The largest copies grow at the bottom of the bush. The shape of tomatoes resemble the heart, a small rhine is noticeable. Often on the lower shoots, flat-circular tomatoes grow.
Tomatoes have a dense, juicy and fleshy pulp. Leather smooth with an expressive pearl reflections. The flesh is sahary at a break, with a large volume of dry matter. Fruits have excellent footership. The number of seed nests is more than 6, and few seeds are formed.
Because of the large sizes, tomatoes are not suitable for canning the whole, but for the preparation of juice, adjika or tomato paste is suitable wonderful. In the fresh form they will also please the expressive taste.
Gastronomic fetus qualities good. They contain minimum acids and a large amount of sugar. Balanced sour and sweet taste will pleasantly surprise.
Ripening and fruiting
From the moment the appearance of shoots and before the formation of fully overwhelmed vegetables passes from 110 to 125 days. Fidelio variety is considered secondary. The time of ripening may vary depending on the process of cultivation and weather conditions.
High-yielding vegetable culture gives up to 6 kilograms of vegetables from one bush (over the season) or 7.2 kilograms from a square meter of bed. To obtain a rich and stable crop need to provide a full-fledged habitat. From 3 to 3.5 kilograms of fruits are obtained from one plant without much care and under adverse weather conditions.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
In the period from the end of March and before the beginning of April, seeds are seeded at seedlings, and when its age will reach about 2 months (60-65 days), transplanted into a greenhouse or open bed. The transfer of the plants is performed only when the air warms up to 15 degrees of heat, and frosts will completely retrete. Soil at this point should also warm up.
Sowing material deepen no more than 2 centimeters in the soil. After the container is covered with film and transfer to a warm room. On the transfer of containers in the sun will indicate the first shoots. After the appearance of 2-3 sheets, picking. In the process of cultivation, seedlings need to constantly irrigate, preventing the drying of the upper layer.
Soil choose special. Ordinary garden land will not fit. In order not to make the preparation of the mixture and not spend time on its processing, you can purchase a ready-made substrate, which was designed specifically for growing vegetable crops.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Maximum allowable landing density – 3 plants per square meter of territory. In the greenhouses, Fidelio’s grade is searched in a checker manner, leaving a period of 50 centimeters between the bushes, and between the beds – 70 centimeters. Such a location allows plants to obtain the desired dose of sunlight. It is undesirable to thicken the landing, otherwise the bushes will not be carried out properly.
Growing and care
Competent tomato care is based on regular but moderate watering. As well as mandatory activities are considered soil and fertilizer. Given the high growth of plants, steaming and border. The first procedure helps the bushes to send nutrient elements to the fruits, and not in the formation of green mass. Soots are linked to preserve the integrity and protection of the crop from the contact with the Earth.
You can confess the seedlings after the appearance of the fifth sheet. During the season, tomatoes are desirable to strengthen about 5 times. Supports should be strong and reliable, especially if the plants are planted in an outdoor ground. Bore branches with soft material that does not injure plants. Form bushes in one or 2 stem. Any options will provide convenient care for culture and stable yield.
Feed plants regularly. The first portion is made after the seedlings are accustomed to a new place. Adaptation lasts about two weeks. Further every two weeks in the ground make up the basics based on nitrogen and potassium. The first component affects the puff and the color of the plant mass, and the second is necessary for high taste. Some gardeners use growth stimulants, with which you can increase the weight of vegetables up to 20%.
Tomato Fidelio loves rare, but abundant watering. Recommended irrigation scheme – 2 times a week. Consume 5 liters of water on one plants. It is advisable to use warm rainwater. And also suitable tap water.
Features of the attachment of tomatoes.
Use wooden or metal stakes. The height of the supports must have about 2.5 meters, and they set them away from the bush in 10 centimeters. If you place the support closer, you can damage the roots. The branches are fastened to be careful. When using the twine, it is impossible to delay it.
The second option – on the trellis. This method is chosen for greenhouses. The columns stick near each row. At an altitude of about two meters, a durable wire is stretched, a rope is thrown through it. This is a support for shoots. In the process of growth, the plant will rise by rope up.
Third way – cage mount. A cell from wooden or metal rods is collected around each plant. Stalks fixed to jergows.
Note: Tailing shoots with a fishing line or wire.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus