- Authors: Korchagin B.IN., Maksimov S.IN., Tereshonkova T.BUT., Klimenko N.N.
- Year of assumptions: 2017
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 85-90
- Growing conditions: for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: 30-40
See all the characteristics
Early Ptkaška – grade of ultra-mounted tomatoes forming bushes for straak type. They are perfectly suitable for growing in private greenhouses, do not require complex care, even a novice dacket will easily cope with such a culture. In open soil, cultivation is not practiced.
History of removal
Among the originators of the variety are agricultural complexes LLC and the center of Ogorodnik LLC, famous for high quality planting material. Tomatoes were obtained in the Ramensky district of the Moscow region. In the Russian State Region, the variety is from 2017.
Description of varieties
Tomato bushes compact, stramblovy, height reach 30-40 cm. Leaves short, have green. Tomato Early Pttashka Little, The garter and pinching does not require it. Inflorescences are formed by intermediate type.
This tomato has a strong and durable stem, easily withstanding the weight of the fruits. Budgetability is good, but the top does not overlap sunlight. Fruit brushes are well filled.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomatoes of this variety are small, rounded, with a weakly noticeable ribbon. The mass does not exceed 60-65 g. Tomatoes smooth skin, green – immature, red – ripe fruits. At the stage of color set, you can note a marked dark spot in the fruction. Middle density flesh, pretty juicy.
Tomatoes are pleasant to taste, sour-sweet, well suited for cutting in salads. Compact sizes and high content of dry substances make them suitable for whole-fucked canning.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomatoes ripen in 85-90 days. Harvesting is made in the period from July to August.
The variety is able to produce fruit in the amount of 4.7-4.9 kg / kV. M.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Tomato seed landing Early birds comes in 1 and 2 decade of March. To the greenhouse they are transferred depending on the climatic features of the region in May-June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Bushes in the greenhouse are located at a distance of 40 × 60 cm from each other. The total number of 1 m2 should not exceed 3-4 plants.
Growing and care
Tomato Early Ptashka is grown, like other determinant varieties, without backup. The formation can be conducted in 1 stem, since the culture is stab. Starting the cultivation is needed with soaking in the humate potassium seed material. After that, he is germinated, waiting for germs, dive. Seedlings demonstrates a friendly set of height, after the formation of a flower brush, it can be sent to a greenhouse. Before it is worth carrying out acclimatization on the balcony, a veranda or terrace so that the sharp change of temperature modes does not become strong stress for young bushes.
The variety grows well on fertile, nutrient soils. For low-speed tomatoes, it is important to ensure optimal humidity regime. Greenhouses require regular ventilation, they are necessarily disinfected inside in front of plants.
Watering should also be organized in advance. Plants are more suitable drip irrigation to avoid the convergence. Feeding is carried out before flowering with nitrogen fertilizers, after which mineral complexes are used. It is better to give preference to liquid means containing potassium and phosphorus.
When watering plants under root, it is of great importance to form a dense crust on the surface of the soil. To avoid such problems, it is necessary to produce soil looser after each moisture. You can use an organic mulch, simultaneously improving the composition of the soil, and also allows you to remove excess moisture from the air.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
According to the indicated originators, the early birds – a variety not subject to phytoophluorosis. Harvest fees ends earlier than this infection begins to spread. To the other popular diseases, this tomato is stable, does not require particularly difficult care or trade. During the defeat of other plants, you can perform treatment with copper-containing drugs.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Grade Early Ptashka is quite sensitive to various external influences. It should not be planted in an open ground, to avoid the death of plants when lowered atmospheric temperatures. In addition to weak frost resistance, it is possible to note the sensitivity of plants to the number of sunny days – they need a lot of light.
Sades are highly appreciated by the varietal qualities of tomatoes Early Pttashka. It is mentioned that the seeds provide a high degree of germination, practically do not give marriage in the form of empty shells. The variety is called ideal for short Ural or Siberian summer, often planted right on the balcony or windowsill. Low bushes feel quite well in such conditions.
Taste qualities of dackets are also estimated quite high. Received tomatoes have fleshy flesh, they are juicy, without solid streaks in the flesh. Vegetable breeding notes that the size of the fruit, the speed of their sleeping affects the intensity of making feeding, watering. Careful care allows you to achieve excellent results in the process of cultivation, while bushes do not need to be steaming, losing weight.
Dachnips advise to produce seeds for 30-40 days before plants transfer to greenhouse. This turns out to be enough to grow. The virtues of the varieties include full matching pictures on the packaging received tomatoes. For disadvantages – weak fitness for transportation.