- Authors: Carey B.G., Gulkin M.N., Karmanova O.BUT., Matyunina S.IN.
- Year of assumptions: 2018
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for salting and canning, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-120
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Height of the bush, see: 180-200
- Leaves: Long, Dark Green Coloring
See all the characteristics
Tomato de Barao first appeared on the territory of Brazil. In Russia, his domestic subspecies acquired the popularity, which is characterized by excellent yield.
History of removal
In 2016, an application was filed for inclusion in the state register of a new variety of Tomato. This culture was Tomato de Barao Tsarsky. The originator was the Moscow firm “Aelita”, which is the main supplier of seeds in the domestic market. By the authors were breeders from the brand in. G., Gulkin M. N., Karmanova O. BUT., Matyunina S. IN. In 2018, after two-year testing, a new grade was approved by the Register.
Description of varieties
The grade belongs to industrumant cultures, which means that the height of the stem will be unlimited. On average, the bush is formed with a length of 180-200 cm. This is enough for normal fruiting. Since the plant is actively growing, it must be timely taped to the spicks.
Stem Powerful, Thick, Well-developed. The leaves are medium, long and elongated, the tip is pointed. Front plate of dark green. It is well pronounced streaks and a middle section. The back of the sheet of light green shade. Under the right sunlight leaves can roll or get burns.
The first inflorescence is formed by 8-9 sheet from the ground level, subsequent – every 2. On one bush can be formed from 8-10 brushes. The brushes are tied up to 8 fruits. Recommended number of stems – 1-2.
To the positive parties of culture include:
- taste qualities;
- shelf life;
- resistance to a number of diseases;
- marketable condition;
- Good temperature difference.
From minuses can be noted:
- tanning to the support;
- Normated regular watering and feeding.
The main qualities of fruits
In the form of fruit extended-plums or elliptical. With full ripening, the tomato acquires raspberry-red. On average, the weight of the vegetable is 150 g. There are also larger specimens weighing 170 g.
Peel is thin, but tight enough, so as not to crack. However, it is not felt when used. Skin smooth, but on some tomatoes there is a weak risk. The pulp juicy, fleshy, water is almost absent. Inside usually formed by 2 large seed chambers. They are completely or partially clogged with seeds of medium sized, which are not noticeable in food.
Tomato is consumed in a fresh form. Suitable for whole-fuel canning or pickling, cooking sauces, juices and tomato pastes.
Taste at Tomato de Barao Tsarsky – Sweet, saturated, with neuro pronounced kissing.
Ripening and fruiting
Grade de Barao Tsarsky belongs to the mid-lifting varieties of ripening 110-120 days. Harvesting falls on August-September.
The feature of the variety is that the removal fruit removed well rose in the dark and warm room without losing their taste quality.
Gardeners celebrate a good and stable harvest. C 1 m2 is removed from 11 kg in open ground, and from 13 kg from 1 m2 in greenhouses. The yield of the variety directly depends on the care and timely feeding.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeds sow in a seedlings, pre-showing in melt water and treating potassium permanganate. The depth of the well does not exceed 2 cm. After sowing the soil is abundantly spilled with warm water, everything closes with a film and put on the windowsill. The temperature in the room should be +22 degrees. After 5-8 days, the seeds will be processed, and the film can be removed.
Seedlings need sunlight, and if it is not enough, it is necessary to install UV lamp. Light day for the normal formation of bushes should be at least 15 hours.
Watering is made through the sprayer once a week. Feeding brought in liquid form after watering.
Pication should be done after several strong leaves appear. At this point, it is necessary to monitor the seedlings correctly so that it does not start active growth. Room temperature should be no more than +18 degrees, otherwise the stem will quickly goes into growth.
10 days before landing in the ground, the seedlings are put on the street for acclimatization. The transplant is made after the daily temperature becomes above +16 degrees, and weather conditions do not foresee frosts.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Before planting seedlings, the land is drunk and fertilizes. During the day, the site is abundantly shedding with water. Forming the wells worth a depth of no more than 15 cm. It is best to choose the distance between the bushes of 70 cm and land them if possible in one row. This will facilitate harvest and will open access from all sides to the bustard. It makes it easier to tapping bushes to spicks or trellis.
Growing and care
So that the yield was good, some agrotechnical moments should be observed.
- Directly at the time of planting seedlings in the ground, seedlings deepen into the ground until the first sheet. It is necessary in order for the root system better to take root and strengthened.
- Watered the variety should be on schedule, namely 2-3 times a week. Watering is needed abundant and deep, the soil should wet 20 cm down. All water should concentrate from the root. Shed leaves can not, as they can get a burn.
- If summer is arid, then you can use a mulch from sawdust, peat, dry grass or straw. Mulch will prevent excessive evaporation of moisture in the soil and will hold water.
- Stepsing is performed regularly, as the bush grows fast.
- You can tapping the stem and branches. It will help to avoid dorms.
- Feeding is carried out several times per season. The first is held in a week after disembarking seedlings. It is best to use nitrogen-containing minerals or nitroammofosk. During the formation of umbrellas, potassium and phosphorus are used to increase yields.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Most often, the sort of de Barao Tsarsky suffers from invasion:
- Colorado beetle;
- white throats;
- vertex rot.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus