- Authors: Dederko B.N., Postnikova O.IN.
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, to salmon and canning
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-105
- Growing conditions: for film greenhouses
- Marketability: High
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: up to 200
See all the characteristics
Cossack is a popular variety of tomatoes, derived by Russian breeders deerko in. N. and Postnikova O. IN. The Cossack can be grown both on an industrial scale and on a private summer cottage. The taste qualities of the fruits get a high assessment of consumers, but the agricultural engineering variety is not for everyone.
Description of varieties
Cossack Cossack Variety Bush, reaches a height 200 cm, leaves large, dark green color.
The main qualities of fruits
Striveling fruit has a green color with a dark spot in the fruozen, in the ripe form of his skin has a dark raspberry color. The size of tomatoes are small, weighing only 35-50 g, in form – rounded.
Purpose of Cossack Tomatoes, Sugar, Sweet. Thin skin is almost no felt in fresh use. Brighter all the taste is revealed when adding tomatoes in a fresh salad. A large amount of vitamin moisture allows the use of tomatoes for cooking juice. You can use fruits for canning and salting, but it is not too comfortable due to fine skin.
Keep in mind that the fruits of the Cossacks have a good fierce, excellent productive view and the ability to ripen, but the session does not negatively affect the taste characteristics of tomatoes, so they are recommended to use them in the spine point immediately after removing the bush.
Ripening and fruiting
This variety refers to varieties with the average ripening period, it is possible to remove the crop 95-105 days after the first germination appears.
One bush gives 2-2.5 kg of harvest or 8-10 kg with 1 m2. Judging by this data and the fact that the weight of the fruits is very small, it can be assumed that the bush is fruits throughout the whole period of vegetation.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing is produced in 60-65 days before the transplantation. The germination of the seeds of the presented variety is excellent, but for the prevention of diseases, planting material is recommended to be treated in a solution of mangartage for 20 minutes. The same processing requires a substrate where seeds will be planted.
The grains deepen 1.5 cm, then dispel the usual land and splashes the soil with water. Before the first shoots will be processed, the container is cleaned under the film and put in a warm dark place. The shelter can be removed when the first shoots appear. Next, it is important to moisturize the soil, maintain the temperature of + 18 … 20 degrees, and provide good illumination to germ.
With the appearance of 2-3 leaves of the bush dive. Young shoots need watering every 5 days, and a week before the transplant to the site they need to start hardening.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
When transplanting the plants are placed according to the 50x50cm scheme, i.e. 4 bushs are planted on 1 m2. Culture is ready for transplantation when the height of the shoots reaches 27 cm. It is recommended before disembarking to handle root to the phytoosporin means to protect the seedlings from fungus.
Growing and care
Presented grades are grown in film greenhouses. The plant requires garter to the support and formation in 1-2 stems. And also need to remember the culture passing.
Do not forget about regular irrigation. Bushes irrigate warm water, it is better to use drip watering. After moisturizing the earth need to brag. Avoid overflows, as it threatens the development of fungal diseases and pollen gluing.
In fertilizer, the plant needs three times per season: two weeks after the transplant to the greenhouse, a month after the first feeding, and another month later.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Cossack bushes do not boast good immunity in front of disease. Culture may be affected by phytoophylo or alternariasis. As a prevention, disinfect the soil on the landing stage, plan the Siderats, process the bushes with the preparation of “phytoosporin” during the whole season of vegetation.
From pests, the plant most often becomes a victim of white bullshit, aphids, a colorado beetle, a spider tick. Insects can be assembled mechanically and destroy, as well as use clocks of garlic, onion husks, tobacco dust. If the case is running, then you need to use serious preparations, such as “Fufanon”, “Aktara”, “Prestige”.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus