- Authors: USA
- Synonyms names: Church, temple, church
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Growing conditions: for greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: 200
- Characteristic bush: Powerful
See all the characteristics
The church variety received its name at the expense of a non-standard form of fruits that resemble church dome. Special characteristics of fruit culture at a high level celebrated many gardeners. To date, Tomato Church stuck in many regions of the country. There is information that the cultivation of this variety began to engage more than a century ago. If the monks were engaged in his cultivation before, now he is chosen by experienced gardens and beginners.
Description of varieties
The variety has an inteterminant growth type. Bushes grade church – tall, reach a height of 2 m. Under certain conditions, they can grow up to 3 m. These are powerful plants that occupy a lot of space on the plot. Shoots cover the leaves of the usual type. Vegetable mass of thick, rich green.
Manufacturers advise to grow this variety in greenhouses to achieve maximum fruiting and maintaining good health. Ripe fruits got widespread use. Tomatoes prepare delicious tomato paste, ketchup or juice. In kind, they also found wide use.
The main qualities of fruits
Reaching maturity, tomatoes acquire a bright pink color. The unique feature of the variety is the large size of vegetables. Their middle mass consists of 400 g to 1 kg. Experienced vegetables for how to grow real record holders that are gaining weight up to 2.5 kg.
Fruit shape flat-core. In the area of fastening tomatoes to the fruozca, a small variety. Also, vegetables are covered with expressive faces, thanks to which they become as much as possible to church domes. Such a feature is most often observed in the fruit at the bottom of the bush.
Flesh sahary and fleshy. With full ripening of the peel becomes matte. The structure of tomatoes can be different. Some specimens grow dense, others – softer and loose, but vegetables are never watery. Inside a few seed nests with a small amount of grains.
Taste of vegetables – ignorant. Fruits grow sweet and fragrant, with a pleasant and pronounced aftertaste. Gastronomic characteristics change depending on the region where tomatoes are grown. Excellent tastes increase the interest of gardeners to this variety. Even the whole ripe tomatoes are capable of stored for a long time without loss of taste, appearance and other characteristics.
Ripening and fruiting
Variety Church is considered the average. In regions with a warm climate, vegetables are collected earlier than in the central and northern regions.
Production fruit culture allows you to get a stable harvest when complying with standard agricultural engineering. Up to 5 kg of fruits are collected from one bush per season.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Transplant seedlings only after it turns from 50 to 60 days. Considering this, you can calculate the exact time of sowing seeds. Previously, the outlined date is not recommended to plant the sowing material, otherwise the plant will have a long time to get used to new weather conditions. Also injured yield. Reduced the number of stocks, tomatoes lose brightness, juiciness and flavoring characteristics.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Maximum landing density should not exceed 3 plants per 1 kV. m of the territory. Overweight Landing often causes the appearance and spread of fungal diseases. If tomatoes grow too close to each other, it will not work out excellent yield.
Growing and care
When growing a variety, the church must necessarily perform some activities.
- High bushes need trial. Supports are placed before the plants will be planted in the ground. Garter is carried out as they grow.
- Regularly conducted stepsing. Removal of unnecessary shoots is needed so that the forces and nutrient elements are spent on the formation of fruits, and not vegetable mass.
- The formation of bushes is also necessary. Most often choose the formation option in 2 stems. It is convenient to collect harvest and care for plantation.
Also, beds need the following care:
- Watering with warm watering water;
- Cleaning plantation from weed plants;
- removal of dry leaves and damaged shoots;
- ventilating greenhouses;
- loosening upper layers of soil;
- Use feeding to certain phases of growth.
Note: Some vegetables believe that the bushes can be transplanted into the open soil due to their low-temperature resistance.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus