- Authors: Gavrish S. F., Morav B. IN., Amcheslavskaya E. IN., Wolf O. BUT. (Selection Firm Gavrish)
- Year of assumptions: 1999
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for whole-fucked canning
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-120
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Marketability: Good
- Transportability: Good
See all the characteristics
Chio-Chio-san is a popular candy brand in the USSR. Tomato called in honor of this sweetness was registered by the Russian State Registry in 1999. Over the years, Tomato was tested by many gardeners and earned a brilliant reputation.
Description of varieties
Bush Intenderminant, average, 120-200 cm high. The upper border of growth is determined at the discretion of the garden itself, but over the summer in the middle strip, the bush usually reaches 150-170 cm. Medium-sized leaves, matte, with small corrugation, reptile average. Stems thick, powerful. The first inflorescence is formed above 9 sheet, follow-up – every 3 sheets.
The main qualities of fruits
Fruits small, egg-shaped, weighing up to 40 grams, are collected in the brush of 30-50 and even more. The brushes are distinguished by a kind of structure: first the mass of fruits is tied, then leaves appear, and further grows brush again – it resembles a tree branch. Coloring Mature Fruits Pink, Immature – Smooth Light Green. Skin smooth, with a gloss, elastic. The variety demonstrates good fantastic and transportability.
Fruits desserts, very tasty. All waters are inherent thin, fragrant, exquisite taste. Grade Chio-Chio-San – a decent representative of this category. His small tomatoes are sweet, saturated, bright taste. The flesh adds pleasure: it is gentle, meat and oily, melting. Fruits are well suited for fresh use, and for conservation, universal. Chio-Chio-san is beautiful in recess in itself, in salads, sandwiches, desserts, drinks, cocktails. Its salted, marinate in solid form. With an excess of the harvest, it will also fit for billets for which large tomatoes usually take: winter salads, ketchup, leaks, sauces and pastes.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety is medieval, matures through 110-120 days.
Yield is excellent even for a modern fine-shaped grade, 7.8 kg with 1 kV. M. One bush gives up to 4 kg of tomatoes. Against the background of modern varieties promising to 15 kg from 1 kV. m, it may seem modest, but the numbers of chio-chio-san are reliable and tested by practice. With extended cultivation, it is possible to get from tomato much more, its potential is enough.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeds are seeded in ordinary for mid-range grades: at the end of March – early April. Previously, he makes sense, if there is an opportunity to organize plants. Like all the increasing grades, chio-chio-san can grow. The finished seedlings are planted into the greenhouses in May, in the open ground in late May – early June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Between rows withstand 60 cm, between plants of 40 cm.
Growing and care
The grade of chio-chio-san is unpretentious, but, like any intederminant variety, does not form a neat strab on his own. Need to regulate the growth of the plant. The garter, formation and step-down – mandatory. Number of steps and plant growth can be varied depending on their own needs. For more abundant yields, there are 2 trunks, plunge for the formation of additional roots. Classic way – growing in 1 stem, allows you to get a good harvest even in difficult regions.
Carefully monitor the growth of the brushes, so as not to confuse them with stems. Crop your brushes after the appearance of the leaves should not.
Out of all extra leaves. Be sure to remove the leaves under the lower banding, when almost all the tomatoes have scored the desired size. If the leaves are contaminated, yelling or shrore, they are removed without pity before. The bush itself is thinning, so that the brushes are in sight. It saves the power of the plant, allows him to direct the nutrients not in the tops, but in tomatoes. Beginners are often afraid that the bush will weaken. Unlimited leaves, really will not benefit, and with many varieties this procedure can be neglected. But with Tomato Chio-Chio-san, it is very desirable. The bush is very active, constantly produces fresh shoots. If you do not delete too much, by the time of the fruiting brushes with tomatoes, it will not be seen from the thickets of the tops. In Siberia and in the Urals on the bush it is better to leave no more than 3-4 brushes. The rest of the maritime will still not have time to grow and in vain will spend the strength of the plant.
During the formation of the urins, the brushes will be useful, but without this, the variety shows good binding. Like all tomatoes, the grade loves smooth temperature, nutrient soil and abundant uniform watering.
Watered only under the root, watching the soil well wet. Between the soil irrigation should feel good, but do not dry up to dust. Moisture interruptions will badly affect the harvest.
The variety is poorly affected by phytoofluorosis, shows good health, but no tomato will avoid closer to the September. To protect the landing, it is advisable to take the cultivation so as to collect a crop before the onset of cold nights.
Spraying “phytosporin”. This is a concentrate of beneficial bacteria that in natural form live in soil. Their action on plants: stimulating, protective. Processing can be carried out in any time.
Feeders are better not to be carried away, the best – initially well prepare the soil under tomatoes, then its nutrients will be enough for the whole season. Popile is added by humus, sand, if the earth is too dense, ash, which satures the soil of potassium, calcium and magnesium, disinfects and protects against diseases and a small amount of superphosphate. Very important soil loan, tomatoes love the abundance of moisture, but do not tolerate her stagnation.
You can help the plant with a dip. Tomatoes willingly increase the root system. It is not possible when it is convenient to the gardener, and when the plant itself makes it clear that it is ready to quickly increase additional roots. At this moment, pretty large tubercles appear at the bottom of the stem.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Like any tomato derived more than 10 years ago, Tomato Chio-Chio-san deserved negative assessments. But they are surprisingly, little, and almost all claims can be addressed to the seed manufacturer, and not to a variety (for example, the bad germination of seeds). Most reviews are unanimous: the grade is beautiful. Especially impressive huge, not fit even in two hands bunch with tomatoes. During the fertilization period, the tomato draws attention against even other tomatoes Cherry. He is so effective that it can be used as a decorative plant.
Unpretentious, although, of course, more like experienced gardens that have already automated all care – they perceive the variety very simple in care. Beginners may seem complex cultivation of intederminant pink varieties, which need steaming, nutrient soil and good watering.
The highest assessments deserved taste. At the variety a good blender, thin skin, not spanning in blanks. Some gardeners, including experienced, call grade the best of the tested.