- Authors: Dederko Vladimir Nikolaevich
- Year of assumptions: 2017
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: up to 200
- Refrigerant: Middle
See all the characteristics
Relatively new culture with the sonorous name of Casanova deservedly enjoys the attention of many gardeners. The variety has excellent taste, distinguished by rich crops, stable safety in transportation and versatility in use.
History of removal
Culture Casanova was removed at the beginning of the century by a specialist in. Deterco. Upon completion of the long test cycle, in 2017, the State Register of the Russian Federation was introduced. Culture recommended for cultivation in most regions of Russia. Nevertheless, on the open soil it is worth raising exclusively in the south of the country. In the northern regions it is grown in greenhouses. The production and distribution of seeds is engaged in the agrofirm “Siberian Garden”, located in Novosibirsk.
Description of varieties
Sort of intederminant, so bushes are limited in growth of about 2 meters. They are branched, with thickened leaves. Roots are developing powerful. The best predecessors when disembarking are pumpkin and legumes.
Flowers of small sizes, yellow shades, are grouped in cystic inflorescences up to 4-5 flowers in each.
The pluses of culture include:
- high degree of yield;
- canceled classic taste properties;
- good safety during transport;
- the ability to store fruit around 4 months;
- Early aging fruits and versatility of their use.
Of the minuses, there is an insufficient level of resistance to a variety of known diseases and to the attacks of some insect pests.
The main qualities of fruits
On the configuration of cylindrical fruits, weakness, with funny forked diameters. The length of the fruits on average reach 20 cm, resembling a banana form. Skin glossy, moderately dense, so the fruits are able to be stored for a long time. The average weight of one instance is 30-38 g. On one brush, up to 5 fruits are tied.
Color in fruit is intense red, fragrance pronounced, tomato.
Consistency of tomatoes are compacted, with small seed cameras containing no more than 3 seeds.
Originets of varieties include fruit to salad types used in fresh form in various combinations. However, tomatoes are not cracking during heat treatment, and therefore they often marinate them. Therefore, they may well be attributed to universal.
Kazanova does not lose its commodity condition for long transportation, while maintaining all its taste properties. In cool conditions, fruits can be kept quite a long time.
So, at air temperature not more than 10 ° C and moisture, about 80% of the yield can be saved until January. To do this, they are removed in the phase of dairy maturity.
Notes the excellent flavor properties of fruits – they are sweet, juicy, with some sourness.
Ripening and fruiting
The middle-air culture – caused tomatoes are removed from the beginning of July. Culture is recommended for cultivation in the middle regions of Russia, in greenhouses. Period of fruiting abundant and long.
Grade, with competent care and formation of bushes, high-yielding. Yield reaches 10.8 kg / m2 and more. Fruits mature synchronously and in significant quantities. The best crops of gardeners are obtained in the formation of bushes in two stems.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Plant culture mostly seedy method. The plan for seedlings is carried out in about 1.5-2 months (beginning of March) before its placement in the open soil.
Plant seedlings at a permanent place in early June. In the greenhouse seedlings landed earlier than in the open soil – in the first days of May.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The optimal distance between bushes should be at least 50 cm, in the aisle – 60 cm.
Growing and care
Sale gardeners recommend purchasing seeds in specialized stores, since such seeds probability of plants infection with infections are clearly less.
Initially, seeds are disinfected by placing them in the sun for 6-7 days. Health influence of sun rays is well known.
To obtain the claimed level of yield, it is important to adhere to agrotechnical rules to obtain healthy seedlings, and in the future and fruit. So, the overgrown seedlings weakly adapt to new growth conditions, it may be sick, which will lead to a decrease in yield.
Casual to the composition of the soil, the variety is needed spacious and nutritious land, the soil on which is previously disinfected by a manganese solution.
Before planting seeds from its garden is treated with a disinfecting solution, soaked with a growth stimulator. They plant them, blocking at 1-1.5 cm, in low and wide capacity filled with nutrient substrate. Then spray from the sprayer and coated with polyethylene. Capacity placed in a warm place. After the occurrence of abundant shoots, polyethylene is removed, and the containers are placed in a light and cool place.
In the phase of the appearance of 3-sheets, the thickened seedlings must be sipped, depressing bushes in different containers. Light day for them should last at least 12 hours. If necessary, shoots highlight. The recommended temperature regime should be 17 ° C, and in the afternoon – about 22 ° C.
Wrapping seedlings follows often, but moderately. Water for irrigation pre-defend indoors.
After picking the plant feed several times. After the appearance of the 3rd real sheet – the fertilizer “Agrikola 3”. In two weeks – feed the second time, and after 12-14 days – the third time. For the 2nd recent feeding procedures, a solution is used: 2 tablespoons of complex minudging are added to 10 liters of water and it makes it 100 ml under each bush.
Two weeks before transplanting seedlings in the soil you need to order. At the first stage, quenching the time of finding seedlings outdoors is 1-1.5 hours, and then it gradually increases.
Cealous soil feats in autumn (2 st. L. Fertilizers with phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen fertilizer). Also added to the soil of 7-7.5 kg by 1 m2.
Following the landing, abundant irrigation and mulching with a compost.
Next, care for seedlings is mainly in compliance with the irrigation regime. In the greenhouses they irrigate 1 time per week. At the same time, the soil must be moisturized to a depth of about 50 cm. With such irrigation, the humidity of the air should be about 80%, and the soil – approximately 50%. Drip irrigation is welcome.
It is important to carry out the formation of all bushes in 2 shoots, all extra steps should be regularly eliminated. All shoots should be taught, substituting the backups under them.
Feeder produced every 10 days. Fertilizers contribute two weeks after rooting bushes on the beds. It is better to use purchased options for grated plants.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Culture is susceptible to diseases characteristic of tomatoes, as well as attacks of famous pests. From diseases, point out:
- phytoofluorosis (treatment with “Oxychom”, “barrier” or infusion of garlic);
- ClapPoriosis (Homom Treatment);
- vertex rot (treatment of lime or chalk in the soil);
- Fusarious wilt (barrier treatment);
- Fomoz (spraying solution “Oxychoma”).
Pest attacks are also possible: Tli, spider tick, slugs, bear, white. Well-known typical prevention techniques are used here.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus