- Authors: USA
- Synonyms names: Carbon, Carbon
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-120
- Growing conditions: for greenhouses
- Marketability: High
- Bush size: Tall
See all the characteristics
Tomatoes from new light can throw a confident challenge to many familiar species derived in Russia and Europe. That is the successful candidate and is a carbon tomato. However, the brilliant results in its cultivation are waiting for only those who thoroughly examine this culture.
History of removal
Such a tomato developed US breeders. In this country, the variety is called CARBON. In Russian-speaking sources is often used just the name carbon (from English it is translated as “carbon”). The official description indicates that carbon is a classic variety. However, in unofficial sources sometimes declare that it is a hybrid plant.
Description of varieties
In Russia and other Eastern European countries, this culture is still little known. Carbon is distinguished by the intederminant development. Therefore, behind his bushes will have to take care of very carefully. Basically such a plant is intended for greenhouses. Outside the protected soil, it is possible to cultivate it only in the warmest regions of Russia.
But even there to carry out such experiments hardly reasonably. Carbon bushes high. They are able to grow to 1.5-1.8 m. For them, the average level of branchism is typical. Refrigerant is also the average that many people like.
The main qualities of fruits
Carbon tomatoes are distinguished by increased marketability. In the spine condition, they are painted in a purple-cherry tone. These large berries weigh 0.15-0.2 kg. Characteristic also:
- Plate-headed configuration;
- 5 or 6 fruits in each brush;
- Dark Raspberry Temple Mass.
Tomato carbon sweet. His flesh is always gentle. The official description emphasizes the unchanged juiciness of fruits. Also celebrate the fleshiness and oilyness of berries. Additionally, pay attention to the unobtrusive spicy shade.
Ripening and fruiting
Carbon refer to the middle-free category. In normal (corresponding to the varietal description), it is possible to obtain a crop in 110-120 days. The point of reference traditionally appears the appearance of the first green sprouts. Since the formation of berries, they will form a long time.
Plant refer to high-yielding discharge. It can give from 7 to 9 kg (calculating per square meter). However, in specific situations, productivity is often different. It is worth emphasizing the importance of both weather and agrotechnology. Collected fruits can be used in fresh form.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seed seeds in containers are necessary on the same time as the planting material of other secondary varieties. In the south, sow grains to seedlings need in mid-March. In the middle lane, the right moment comes at the junction of March and April. If the weather is not too good, it is better to postpone landing on the second half of April. The landing in the garden soil is produced when heating up to 15 degrees, there are enough level in the greenhouses at 10 degrees.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
More than 4 copies are not allowed on a square meter of soil. It is better to even reduce this number on 1 or 2 plants to facilitate the care of landings. Between wells usually leave 40 cm.
Growing and care
Clean the steps and form bushes will need in any case. The formation occurs in 2 or 3 stems. Carbon poorly tolerates strong heat and excessive moisturizing. In the southern regions, count on obtaining elegant berries in large quantities without shading with special grids and impossible.
The irrigation of tomatoes should occur regularly. It is impossible to allow oveurgement even for a short time. Carbon requires a set of vegetative mass in the first half of the season. Because during this period, it requires a significant amount of nitrogen additives. When the second flower brush is formed, a generative stage comes, in which nitrogen feeding is minimized. Important: The reaction to an excessive number of nitrates will be more pronounced than many other tomato varieties.
For carbon, strong support is very important. Loying should be deleted let not too pressingly, but regularly. When naulva brushes under them should be removed by the foliage. On open gardens in a rainy period, it is advisable to stretch the polyethylene film. Version must be produced fairly late, especially with greenhouse cultivation.
At the very end of the vegetative season there may be a sharp rise of productivity. At this point, the tomato quickly forms and pours big tomatoes in ripeness. Pinching of the macushkin is not required because the plant itself delays his height. It must be borne in mind that carbon reacts sharply to a dismissive approach. However, the plant resistant tolerates major tomato pathologies.
Immunity is very good and in relation to the phytooftor. In hot weather, foliage can burn if the care of plants will be insufficient. The probability of damage to pests is moderately large. It is also worth noting that the yield is unstable.
Carbon needs excellent lighting. Still plants are very important soil with weak or neutral acidity. Equally relevant and good drainage. Before boarding, the use of brought organic fertilizers is recommended. Swimming around the bush should be carried out regularly.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus