Tomato Brozdeva

  • Authors: Alekseev Yu. B. (Semko-Junior LLC)
  • Year of assumptions: 2010
  • Synonyms names: Brozdeva F1
  • Category: Hybrid
  • Type of growth: Intemimensional
  • Purpose: Fresh use
  • Ripening time: Early
  • Timing of ripening, days: 103
  • Growing conditions: for film greenhouses, for greenhouses
  • Marketability: High

See all the characteristics

The grade called the Grozdeva appeared on sale in Russia relatively recently, but he has already managed to like local gardeners. Tomatoes are recommended in greenhouses, in the conditions of open soil they are cultivated only in warm regions.

Description of varieties

Tall plants grow up to 180-300 centimeters. Bushes of this variety compact, but powerful. Growth Type – Intenerminant. Green mass is thick and lush, consisting of bright green leaves of medium sized. In greenhouses, plant grade limits closed space. During flowering, the plant is covered with an abundance of flowers. Fruit brushes are formed in large quantities. The first inflorescence is laid over 9-11 sheet, and the rest alternate every 2-3 sheets.

The main qualities of fruits

Immature tomatoes painted in light green color, and ripe saturated red. Sizes are small, in weight Tomatoes are gaining about 85 grams, but some instances can reach 150 grams. Form – elliptical. On one tassel grows from 8 to 9 fruits with a dense and solid flesh. Covered tomatoes glossy skin.

Taste characteristics

Gastronomic qualities are marked as good. Delicious fruits are often torn in stock. And also use them for filling, preservation or drying.

Ripening and fruiting

Ripening time has 103 days. The variety has early ripening time.

Yield

From one square meter of plantation 19.1 kilograms of tomatoes. Vintage boasts high transportability and marketability.

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

Seedlings to grow independently. Sowing sowing material from 10 to March 15 to March 30 or April 5. It all depends on the climatic features of each region, the main thing is to perform work in 45-55 days before the seedlings landing in the greenhouse. Terms for open soil begin from April 10-15, approximately 35-40 days before the planned date of landing. Plant growth activity is directly related to weather conditions.

Before germination of seedlings, it is important to properly prepare seed material. It is necessary to definitely disinfect the container in which tomatoes will grow. Need to work in gloves, periodically rubbing hands with napkins. The new container is necessarily washed, and it is recommended to soak in a solution of deochlorine, and leave for 24 hours (1 tablet of the substance is dissolved in 5 liters of water), after the tank is rinsed.

If the soil is cooked personally, it is desirable to notice at least 20% of the purchase of land. So tomatoes will grow better and please be a rich harvest. For the cultivation of tomatoes, the following composition is remarkably suitable: 30% of the garden soil (the main thing is that tomatoes have not previously grew); 35% peat, 20% of the finished soil; 10% biohumus; 4% perlite and the last component – 1% vermiculite. The ground from the site is packed at a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

Optimal landing scheme – 70×40 centimeters.

Growing and care

Commitable conditions when growing a grade of the Grozdeva are the suspension of shoots, formation and steaming. After transplanting to open ground, plants irrigate 10 days later. Young seedlings need moisture to adapt in a new place and after forming a qualitative harvest. And also plants preferably feed. To prepare a nutrient solution, 1-2 tablespoons of ammonium sulfate and nitrogen are dissolved in 10 liters of water. The first substance is used as prevention of infections, and nitrogen is building materials. It is necessary for the formation of new plants.

One plant uses from 2 to 4 liters of fluid. Accurate volume depends on air temperature. In the hot season, use more water.

When cultivation, it is desirable to form a plant in 1-2 stem. Experienced gardeners note that it is possible to achieve maximum fruiting when forming into one stem. All side processes are definitely removed. Work early in the morning. The length of the stepsch should have 5 centimeters. When trimming leave a small funeral in 3 centimeters, so the step is not to grow rebel.

Tied plants in a week and a half after disembarking. During this time, a complete rooting of seedlings will occur. About the presence of supports you need to take care in advance. Tie up shoots carefully not to damage them.

Feeding performs according to the following scheme.

The first time is used based on calcium. When using purchased composition you need to accurately follow the instructions, not exceeding the allowable dosage. From 2.5 to 3 days you need calcium completely learned. During this period, the plants are pure water without adding nutrients.

3 days after the first portion of fertilizers, potassium monophosphate contributes. He plays an important role to bookmark buds. 0.5-1 teaspoon of substances are diluted in 10 liters of water. The resulting composition spray the leaves. This type of feeding does not contain nitrogen, so when dried up the upper layers of the soil, it is possible to perform watering with the addition of organic.

After another 3-4 days, you can feed the tomatoes by the drug “Mage Bor”. The consumption of the composition is small, enough half a teaspoon on 10 liters of liquid. Components that are part of the drug are needed that buds are turned into full-fledged. The latter use balanced feeders and complex fertilizers.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

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YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

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