- Authors: Gavrish S. F., Morav B. IN., Amcheslavskaya E. IN., Wolf O. BUT. (Selection Firm Gavrish)
- Year of assumptions: 2001
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, to salmon and canning
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 94-97
- Growing conditions: for open soil, for balcony, for growing on the windowsill, potted culture, decorative landscaping
- Bush size: Dwarf
- Height of the bush, see: 20-30
See all the characteristics
Initially, the variety called Bonsai was derived for cultivation in room conditions. This type is ideal to organize a small garden on the windowsill, balcony or loggia. To date, the potted culture occurs in open areas.
Description of varieties
In addition to growing at home and in open ground, vegetable culture is used for decorative gardening. Fruits are used in natural form or used for canning. Dwarf bushes grow up to 20-30 centimeters, due to which they can be grown in pots and small containers. Color Leaf – Dark Green. Size – medium. Structure – wrinkled. Standard.
Easy shoots and do not need supports. Green mass is thick. Inflorescences are laid over the sixth sheet.
The main qualities of fruits
Unbearable light green tomatoes gradually become bright red. Sizes are small and weighing 24-27 grams. Form – Round. On one brush, 5-6 tomatoes can grow at the same time. Dry percentage – 8-10. Skin smooth and smooth. Intermediate inflorescence. The number of seeds is small. Puller tight and juicy.
Gastronomic harvest qualities strongly depend on the cultivation conditions. He gains sweetness and fragrance from sunlight, so in the southern regions, tomatoes will be tastier than fruits from the northern regions of the country.
Ripening and fruiting
Ripen vegetables early, the time of ripening is totaling only 94-97 days. Collect harvests from late June and until the end of the summer.
Despite the small sizes of the bush, from one plant you can get up to one kilogram of fruits.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds to seedlings are performed in the period from the beginning to mid-April. As for landing seedlings in the ground, work is carried out at the beginning of May, the age of seedlings – 30-35 days. Sowing material is desirable to pre-germinate in a wet fabric for 5 days. During this time, sprouts should appear. After use light turde.
Caring for the seedlies:
Before the appearance of germs, containers with seeds are kept in heat covered;
Peak seedlings after the first present leaflet appears;
Saplings need a 10-hour day day, with lack of sunlight, lamps will be needed:
Challenge performed before planting for a week, temperature regime – 14 degrees of heat.
If the grade is grown in the open ground, then in early March, seedlings should be seeded in separate cups or pots. After about 2 months, it can be transferred to a permanent place of cultivation.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Maximum allowable landing density – 3 bush per square meter (for open areas).
Growing and care
The worst predecessors for this variety are pepper, eggplant or potatoes. Bushes comfortably feel at lit parts, while tomatoes will feel comfortable in the shade. Ideal for a plot protected from cold winds and drafts.
Some gardeners grow bonsai grade in greenhouses, observing certain conditions.
Watered bushes under the root 2-3 times a week. 2 liters of water consumption.
Formation and steaming are not held.
Once in 10 days of plants feed mineral fertilizers. Used nitrogen, potash compositions and superphosphate.
With the cultivation of tomatoes in the house, such agrotechnics adhere to:
The best location is South or East;
The volume of landing capacity is minimum 1 liter;
With the arrival of winter plants highlight;
Saplings in lightweight and nutritional substrate.
These rules should be observed when growing both in rooms and balconies or loggias. Temperature regime at night – from 15 to 18 degrees, and in daytime – from 21 to 24 degrees heat Celsius.
To emphasize the decorative qualities of the variety, it is advisable in advance to buy pots for the cultivation of tomatoes. It is recommended to make a choice in favor of plastic or ceramics tanks.
In the open ground, the dwarf tomatoes bonsai rarely grow, but this embodiment is also found. When laying a plantation, use the finished seedlings or grown it yourself. Young seedlings transplanted on the street only when, when the danger of night frosts completely passes, and the soil warms out enough.
Experienced summer residents advise to cover the beds with a dense polyethylene film that will help the bushes to adapt faster and form a high-quality harvest.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Tomato Bonsai Sensitive to Weather Capric. As well as the variety does not boast strong immunity. Bushes affect phytoofluorosis and other common diseases. Plants that are grown at home almost do not hurt compared to seedlings in greenhouses and open soils.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus