- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, to salmon and canning
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for greenhouses
- Marketability: High
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: up to 180
- Color of mature fruit: Brown-brown
See all the characteristics
Tomatoes of inventory varieties have excellent taste. And also they are very useful for health, since the vitamins and antioxidants contained in them contribute to the prevention of the diseases of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract, oncological diseases and the strengthening of the body’s immunity in general. A bright representative of this type of tomato is the grade of the Black Princess. Thanks to unpretentiousness in care, high yields and versatility in the culinary plan, this variety has gained great popularity among gobby-lovers.
Description of varieties
Black Princess is a middle-timed intenerminant plant. Tall bush, can reach about 180 cm in height. Middle leaves, pointed gray-green.
Pluses of a black princess variety:
sufficiently high germination of seeds;
long and abundant fruiting;
Excellent flavors of fruits;
diverse use in cooking;
the possibility of growing in the covered greenhouse and in the open soil;
Sustainability for fungal diseases.
By cons of this variety can be attributed:
the need for steaming and garter of the bush;
The main qualities of fruits
The fruits of this variety have a pear-like rounded form. Surbus surface, dense. Skin gentle and thin, not prone to cracking. At first, the color of the fetus is green, under the influence of the Sun, it becomes brown-brown. Weight weight can reach 100-150 g. Flesh is not watery, fleshy, juicy and sweet.
Tomatoes are a black princess variety in different ways in cooking: cut into salads, plant, marinate, recycle into juices or freeze in solid form.
Ripening and fruiting
The Black Princess is a medium-grained variety – the time since the appearance of germs to fruiting is 110-115 days. The grade has a rather high indicator of seeds – about 90%.
The bushes of the tomatoes of this variety are fruitful and abundantly. On average, the yield is 6-7 kg / m2.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeding seeds should be made in March-April, landing in the ground – in May-June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Before sowing, seeds should be treated with a solution of manganese and rinse slightly cool water. Then they are sown in a special container with earth, which is covered with a film and assign in a warm place.
After about 1.5 months, the seedlings are transplanting to a greenhouse (glassland or film) or in open soil, pre-breathing wells for each seedling. Plants are planted at a distance of 40 cm from each other with a distance between the rows of 50 cm.
Growing and care
To get a good harvest, the plant is formed into one stem, pre-removing all the steps and the bottom leaves. Bushes should be tied up to spicks or other vertical supports.
Watering bushes need slightly cool water about 1 time per week. For soil fertilizer, you can use various feeders or natural agents, such as chalk, ash or dry bird litter. It is desirable to have plentiful sunlight, since it is thanks to the sunshine fruits acquire characteristic black varieties. And also the color of ripe tomatoes can vary (from pale crimson to a saturated red color) depending on the level of the pH in the soil.
Fruit bushes start in July-August. With proper storage after harvesting, seeds can keep the germination for 10 years.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The Black Princess is resistant to phytophthluorosis (the pathogen – Oomitzet Phytophthora Infestans De Bary A), however, in order to prevent, especially in a moderate climate, every week, as well as after the rain, the bushes of tomatoes should be treated with biological preparations, for example, a solution of Tri – Khodermina.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
South Sunny Territories are suitable for growing in the open ground. In greenhouse conditions, a black princess variety can be grown in any regions, for example, in Central, North Caucasian, Volga and West Siberian.
Basically reviews for grade black princess positive. Buyers celebrate a high percentage of seeds and excellent flavors of fruits. Some lovers in their reviews put emphasis on the fact that even without additional feeding and processing from pests of the plant, they gave a high harvest and did not succumb to pests. And the hostesses note the versatility of the use of ripe fruits (conservation, juices, sauces, consumption in the fresh form, as well as freezing for the winter).