- Synonyms names: Black Pineapple, Ananas Noire
- Category: Sort
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Medium
- Timing of ripening, days: in the greenhouse – 95-100, in the open ground – 105-110
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses, for greenhouses
- Bush size: middle-resistant
- Height of the bush, see: In the open soil – 120-130, in the protected – 150-180 cm
- Characteristic bush: Durable
- Refrigerant: Weak
See all the characteristics
Black pineapple is a variety of tomatoes with exotic color. In another other, it is also called Black Pineapple or Ananas Noire. The variety is very interesting and in appearance, and to taste, so most gardeners plant him repeatedly. You can grow black pineapple in any corner of the country.
Description of varieties
Height of bushes varieties Black pineapple depends on the place of growing culture. So, in the greenhouses, the bush grows up to 1.2-1.3 m, and in the open ground – up to 1.5-1.8 m. Mattering instances of income-member growth. Escapes stand directly and necessarily require garters as they grow, because the wounds form large tomatoes. Foliage on the bushes a bit, but the branches are strong.
The main advantages of black pineapple:
the possibility of transporting for sale;
Spectacular color and good taste;
The amount and quality of the crop depend on the weather;
Tomatoes can crack;
need good care;
Plants often ill.
The main qualities of fruits
Spectacled fruits of black pineapple have rather large sizes – the minimum mass of the fetus is 300 grams. Some fruits have weight in 0.4, 0.5 and even 0.7 kg. Berry diameter – about 10 cm. The color is extremely unusual – yellow-green, diluted with purple stains.
On the bush of black pineapple at the same time there are several brushes. Each of them contains from 3 to 5 flat-headed tomatoes. On the cut of the fruit there is a lot of seed cameras, they almost completely fill the edges of the berries. The peel at tomatoes is thin, and the flesh under it has different colors, it is often a mixture of colors.
Black pineapple received its name not only thanks to the spots of dark color, but also due to the sweet taste, in which you can distinguish notes of fresh tropical fruits. The taste is extraordinary, so the tomato will be able to diversify the summer table. The flesh of the fruit is very rich in vitamins, so tomatoes are recommended to eat with a bush. And they are suitable for billets, but not for whole-fuel conservation.
Ripening and fruiting
Spread the berries of black pineapple for 95-100 days, if growing in a greenhouse. Under the open sky, dates will be 105-110 days. Medium grade is ready for the collection in July, however, it is possible to remove the berries from the bushes until the end of September.
The average crop from a square meter is 14-17 kg. However, the indicators can be increased if waiting for the first brush flowering, and then start carrying out. Leaving on bushes in 5 brushes, get the least major fruits. But if there are 2 them, then tomatoes will grow gigantic.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing for a given variety can begin even in January if the tomatoes will subsequently grow in a greenhouse. For open soil it is worth choosing the very end of February or March. The main thing is to calculate the time so that at the time of the transfer the age of seedlings was at least 60-70 days.
Grow this grade recommended without dive. For this grain, you will need to place on peat tablets. Having finished with the landing, the tablets are put in transparent container, close it and put it where heat. The temperature should be at least 25 degrees of heat. Seedlings water and provide artificial light.
After a pair of leaflets opens, the sprouted seedlings are placed on the cups. The cultivation substrate should be fertile. Temperature is gradually begin to reduce, bringing to room. 14 days before disembarking, seedlings can be taken to a balcony or street with order to temper. Until May 15, essential seedlings should be planted in a greenhouse. If the landing is produced in the cool regions, then the deadlines are moved to the second half of May. In the open ground, it is closer towards the end of the month, fully making sure that the cold will not return anymore.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
A week before the planting of the bushes are treated with a solution of boric acid (a gram of the means is taken per liter of water). This will improve the immunity of plants and the quality of the future harvest. The soil in which the bushes have to grow should be reheated. Two handfuls are put in every well, and 15 grams of dual superphosphate. Place the wells follows by a 50 cm scheme. After landing, each bush is abundantly.
Growing and care
Black pineapple bushes are quite high, therefore always require gardeners close attention. They must be formulated, and do it in 1 or 2 barrels. Every 10 days, the plants are steply, and it will also be necessary to remove the foliage in a timely manner. Growth point also pinch so that the plant is not too stretched. Large brushes are tied up, otherwise, the gravity of the fruit will lead to a branch layer.
Watering spend once every 10 days, when drought can and more often. Too much water is impossible to pour. Loosening is better to carry out before the supply of fluid. So that it is longer delayed in the soil, the surface of the soil can be meditated. Weeding do as needed, weeds should be looked out with the root. Feed black pineapple with mineral complex mixtures, as well as organic. It is entered only in a liquid and non-concentrated form.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Black pineapple is opposed to different illnesses pretty bad. So, in improper care, the plant can pick up the following diseases:
In view of such bad resistance, preventive measures must be taken on mandatory. It is impossible to allow the rise of landings, increasing the level of humidity and soil. Greenhouses need to ventilate daily. After determining in the wells, tomatoes are also sprayed with burgundy liquid or any other strong fungicide.
If insects appeared, then in the early stages of growing up with them, it is permissible to fight insecticides. However, at the time of the formation of fruits, such funds are prohibited for use. Here you have to apply a variety of herbal infusions, tobacco dust and other folk remedies.
Black pineapple is a delicious variety of tomatoes with berries of unique colors. However, it is not easy to grow, in which many dachensons were made. Culture requires close care and care, so it is categorically not suitable for those who have little time gives beds.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus