- Authors: Hovrin A. N., Tereshonkova T. BUT., Klimenko N. N., Kostenko A. N. (Agrofirma Search LLC)
- Year of assumptions: 2015
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Medium
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: 150-200
See all the characteristics
Blackfold varieties of tomatoes are actively gaining popularity, because, in addition to an attractive exotic appearance, they contain elevated sugars content and useful vegetable pigment Anthocian. Relatively recently, a family of such tomatoes has been replenished with a very tasty and yield variety of black farm.
History of removal
Chernaya Lakomka variety (Chernaya Lakomka) became the result of the work of a group of scientists of the Moscow agrofirm “Search” (today it is a major agroholding). Among them: Hovrin a. N., Head of selection and primary seed production service, Tereshonkov T. BUT., Head of the Laboratory of Immunity and Selection of Parenic, Director of the Firm Klimenko N. N. and breeder Kostenko A. N. Development is included in the premium tactical collection containing selective delicate varieties: the most fragrant, delicious and useful.
In 2015, the Black Landek was registered in the state markets admitted to the spread of varieties. The area of recommended territories recommended for its cultivation includes all regions of Russia: from the Central Black Earth, Volga region and the North Caucasus to the Urals and Siberia.
Description of varieties
Black Gourmet – Intenerminant tall (150-200 cm), high-yielding variety of medium-gray (or secondary-range) fruiting grown mainly in film type greenhouses and in open soil. Round medium-sized fruits (80-110 g) have excellent sweet taste and chocolate-garnet color.
Sometimes this variety is confused with the same hybrid’s black Gourmet F1 from the Aelita agrofirm. It is also a black-boiled tomato, but it has a number of differences, and the seeds obtained with the harvest cannot be used, they do not preserve parental signs.
The main qualities of fruits
Smooth, smooth, rounded (sometimes slightly flashed) Black Gourmet tomatoes are usually small and have an average weight of about 100 g, although many gardeners are praised by 200-250 gram specimens. Behind the change in the color of the ripening fruits, it is interesting to observe: from bright green with a saturated emerald stain of the fruction, it changes to the brick-red, and the stain becomes a brown-brown. Gradually, the color is aligned and darkened, pouring a burgundy and pomegranate and acquiring “chocolate”.
Anthocian natural dye makes such tomatoes not only more useful for a person (increasing the anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic effect of this product), but also increases the bleeding. It is only necessary to collect, not allowing the fruits to overper the bush and become too soft.
The skin of the Black Gourmet Tomators is shiny, dense, but thin, elastic. Dark red pulp fleshy, gentle and very juicy, seed chambers 4-6 pieces, large seeds – they are easy to harvest for breeding.
The variety justifies its name and pleases the wonderful taste: the tasters put him firmly five. 100 g of the product contains 20 kcal and 2.6 g of sugar. It is rich in vitamins A, C, groups B and K.
Black Gourmet Tomatoes fragrant and sweet, with fruit tones. Main appointment – For fresh use: Salads and dishes decoration. There is an opinion that in the preservation of a gentle skin of these fruits can burst from a hot marinade, but many successfully rush them into banks and delighted with the saturated taste of these pickled tomatoes. Good grade and cooking snacks: leco and vegetable caviar.
Ripening and fruiting
For this variety is characterized by the average fruction, stretched from July to September. Under the shelter of the plant fruit until October. About 4 months (110-120 days) passes since the appearance of germs before collecting the first ripe fruits.
In the intederminant bush of a black gourmet with a height of about 170 cm as it is gross, it is formed to form a non-height, gradually the wood stem, every 2 sheets are formed simple inflorescences, and then sweaturated brushes on which ripen from 6 to 12 fruits. Tomatoes can be assembled with brushes, with this method, the shelf life increases. From 1 kV. M Tomato Plantation receive about 5-6 kg of frequency fruits.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
The originator recommends sowing in mid-March. Then after 60-65 days (about 10-15 May), seedlings can be planted on the site. Depending on the climatic zone and the growing method, these deadlines can be shifted. The main thing is that the soil gets up enough, and there was no threat to the return of night frosts.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
For comfortable growth of each bush use a 40 x 60 cm planting scheme, planting 4 plants per 1 m². The root system of this variety is strongly developed and deeply goes into the ground. Mortality average.
Growing and care
Black Gourmet – Unpretentious self-pollized variety with simple agricultural engineering. Tall bushes grow well on a lightweight, fertile soil, so poor soil should be filled with humus and peat.
Young seedlings first has a somewhat gentle, fragile appearance, but on the site quickly goes to height and stronger. The grade loves the sun’s rays, but it is not bad to carry and cool, cloudy summer. Zavazi do not fall at temperature jumps. Only with very protracted rains there is cracking of fruits, and saturated sweetness can “leave”. Well, under reliable shelter of film greenhouses, the grade easily transfers all weather stresses.
Plants require standard accommodation actions:
loose and mulching of the soil;
making seasonal feeders;
Watering under the root (infrequent).
The grade requires the removal of side steps, pinches and tapping. The best result can be obtained by forming a bush in 1-2 stem.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety can be amazed by fungal diseases: phytoofluorosis, occasionally spotted leaves. When carrying out treatment and removal of affected branches, the plant is rapidly restored. The manufacturer promises resistance to viral diseases and vertex rot. Growing grade in the greenhouse, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the greenhouse, to ensure that the bushes do not thicken, and watering was not redundant.
To prevent harmful insect raids, it is necessary to drain soil and carry out prophylactic spraying.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus