- Authors: Carey B. G., Gulkin M. N., Karmanova O. BUT., Matyunina S. IN. (Agroofirma Aelita LLC)
- Year of assumptions: 2018
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 111-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: middle-resistant
- Height of the bush, see: about 100
See all the characteristics
Universal varieties of tomatoes today in the market there are many, among them there is a bearish blood – tomato with large fruits and fleshy pulp.
Description of varieties
This plant can be grown not only on the plot under the sun, but also in greenhouse premises. Bushes grow medium in size and are no longer than a meter in height. Foliage green.
Tomatoes can eat fresh or produce ketchup, tomato paste and even juice.
The main qualities of fruits
Green fruits when ripen, become red. Very large, weighing up to 300 grams. They have a dense pulp.
Bear Blood appreciated for the aroma and pleasant taste.
Ripening and fruiting
This grade is early, the fruits are collected after a maximum of 115 days from the moment of planting seeds in the ground. Fruit plants for a long time, harvesting begins in July and ends in September.
The level of yield is 8 kg / kV. M
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Start or middle of March – time for planting seeds. In mid-May, young bushes can be transferred to open ground. The greenhouse is planted with bearish blood when seedling from 45 to 55 days.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
This variety uses a landing density of 4-5 bushes per square meter. Scheme 60×50 cm.
Growing and care
The list of measures for the care of the described variety necessarily includes steaming and formation of bushes. When forming leaves from one to two stems.
Bushes need to be taped, and otherwise they will fall at the stage of pouring fruits. You can use stakes or trellis.
Sowing Seeds Bear Blood spend in dive drawers. At the bottom it is arranged drainage, pour a layer of light deciduous and humus, mixed with sand. Seeds sowed, taking into account the growing period. Before sowing them, they are soaked in a solution of potassium mangartage to prevent the development of fungal diseases. Then they are dried and evenly distributed on the area of capacity. Sowing material will need a slightly sprinkle with a layer of land and cover with glass or film so that the top layer of the soil does not swam.
Watering is carried out through a sieve, rub every day or turn the glass until shoots appear. When shooting appears, it is removed so that the plants will not be exhausted.
The temperature in the greenhouse is reduced by 3-5 degrees, and periodically make ventilation. After the appearance of germs is in timely irrigation, weeding. During this period, sufficient lighting should be ensured and adhere to the optimal temperature mode day and night.
Soil in the greenhouse is well wetted with water to a depth of 10-15 cm. For landing, we take healthy without mechanical damage, normally developed tomato seedlings of bear bear.
After the end of the planting of the plant is tied with twine to the wire, which stretches along each row. Then the soil between rows loose and leveled with robbles. As the top of the top of tomato, the bearish blood is spinning around the twine, at the same time tearing the steps, resulting in the sinuses of the leaves. It is advisable to do it before they have become longer than 5-7 cm. Form plants in 1-2 stem.
For planting tomato seedlings of bearish blood, the soil in the greenhouse is drunk to a depth of 25-30 cm, making fertilizers. If the preceding culture was cucumbers, then instead of compost, wooden chips or chopped peat make.
The replacement of the soil in shelving greenhouses is carried out every 2 years, and in the ground – annually, updating the layer of 5-10 cm.
With a height of a tar of about 2 meters, a plant forms 8-9 brushes, after which they pin down the growth point.
It is necessary to monitor the temperature in the greenhouse. The air should not be overwhelmed and not dry (humidity 70-80%), in order to be well polled flowers, but did not develop diseases.
Watering is carried out as the soil dried out, it is impossible to allow its strong drying, because it leads to falling flowers and maritime.
Since the ripening of fruits on the first brush, the lower leaves are cut down gradually, first those that wish, and then green. Such a procedure improves air exchange, increases the light in the surface part, facilitates watering and harvesting. As a result, fruits are less affected by diseases, especially gray rot.
Outpalling sheets, the blood is monitored that at least 14-16 healthy shoots remain on the Blood Tomat.
With the autumn-winter landing during the vegetation, tomatoes rarely watered, just rarely conduct feeders, phosphoric-potash fertilizers are mainly introduced.
Tomatoes of bearish blood is well developed on loose neutral and weakly acidic soils (pH = 5.5-7,1), have a positive reaction to lime, if the pH < 5,5.
Before the flowering of tomatoes of this variety should be provided primarily by potassium and phosphorus, subsequently for active growth of leaves should be reinforced nitrogenous meals, and at the initial stage of fruits, again increase the content of potassium in the soil.
Nitrogen need increases with the transition from the beginning of vegetation to flowering, subsequently decreases to the pelicity phase. However, it should be borne in mind that excessive nutrition of nitrogen in the early period of fruits increases the growth of stepsins and leads to “greed”, which delays the fruiting and ripening of fruits.
An important role in the nutrition of the tomato of bearish blood plays phosphorus. It has a positive effect on the development and growth of fruits, if the plants are sufficiently provided to them at the initial stage of vegetation (from the appearance of germs before the formation of the sixth sheet).
The period from the beginning of the tying of the first fruits on the tomato of bearish blood until the completion of their maturation is critical, the plant needs potassium.
Tomatoes of this variety are well responding to making both mineral and organic fertilizers. However, it is worth considering that in some climatic zones this tomato reacts better to mineral additives.
Doses of mineral fertilizers for tomato of bearish blood are determined depending on the supply of nutrients in the soil, moisture regime and the dose of previously introduced organic feeding. If mineral mixtures are brought together with humus, their norm decreases by 30-40%.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
There are no resistance to pests and diseases, so early processing in the seedlings of fungicides and insecticides are required.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Blozhya Blood is a variety that is characterized by heat and cold resistance, as well as shadowishness.
In the greenhouse, you can grow a rich harvest in any region of the country.