- Authors: Schott Z. AND., Gilev M. BUT.
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-115
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: more than 150
See all the characteristics
The authors of the varieties of Altai are breeders Schott. AND. and Gilev M. BUT. In 2007, was included in the State Registry and allowed to use in all regions.
Description of varieties
Bushes of tomato innerminant, tall, height can reach more than 150 cm. If the plant is grown in greenhouse conditions, the height of the bushes reaches 2 meters. Bush foliage large, light green. Inflorescence Simple, collected in the brush. Fruit with articulation.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomatoes of this variety large, flat-circular, weak-book shape. Immature fruits of green, with a dark green stain in fruction. With the occurrence of full ripening, the color of the fetus becomes bright orange. Mass of one tomato 250-300 g. The maximum weight of the fetus can reach 500 g. Tomatoes, in addition to consuming in the fresh form, can be used for cooking juice or mashed potatoes.
The fruit is very rich and harmonious. The pulp of the fetus is quite dense, but juicy and fleshy.
Ripening and fruiting
The time of ripening of the Tomato of Altai Orange – Medieval, fruiting begins for 110-115 days.
Altai has a high yield, which depends on the departure and methods of cultivation. In the greenhouse, the crop indicator is higher than in the open soil. From one bush, you can collect up to 4.5 kg of tomatoes, and from 1 meter square. up to 10 kg. The first ripening of fruits begins from mid-July, the latter can last to the first frosts.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds must be started from March 20 to April 10. Before landing in the soil seedlings should be at least 65 days. Tomato seeds need to sow in one deep container for seedlings. Soil for landing can be prepared independently. It consists of equal parts of the humor, the delicate earth and low-spirited peat. In the soil you need to make fertilizers in the form of superphosphate and urea.
Seeds are sown one by one, the distance between which is 5 mm. The germination of plants comes on 6 days. Dates of planting plants depend on the region and climatic conditions. The best landing time is the beginning of June.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
In open soil, tomatoes are planted depending on weather conditions. Disembarking seedlings need to be engaged from May 15 to June 5. The air temperature during landing should be no lower than +18 degrees. The formation of the wells must be done according to the 50×40 cm scheme. 1 meter square need to plant 3-4 seedlings. Seedlings transplanted into the ground with a transit method. The ground when landing fertilizes by humus and urea.
If tomato seedlings stretched out, they need to plant them under the ground. Extended plants need to immediately tie to the support, for this you need to use pegs.
Growing and care
The rooting of seedlings occurs after two weeks after the tomato landing. With the onset of this period, it is necessary to start watering. In the open soil in the absence of rains, tomatoes watered 1 time per week. If the plant is grown in a greenhouse, then watering is produced 1 time in 3 days, due to the rapid dryness of the soil.
Tomato’s best vegetation is an increase in one or two stems. So the plant will give larger fruits. If you need to increase the amount of crop, then the tomato is formed into three stems. Plant need to steeked weekly. When the bottom of the fruit is appeared on the bottom of the bush, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves.
Tomato bushes are high, so they need a garter. It is produced 10 days after the seedlings landing, supports or trellis are well suited for this.
Fingering the plant is needed at least 2 times per season. In the period of launching buds, it is necessary to fertilize the bushes with the infusion of a cow. In the period of abundant fruiting, it is necessary to feed the plant with mineral fertilizer based on potassium.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
With timely prophylactic procedures, the plant appears resistance to infections and pests. Tomato bushes are quite well adapted to fusariasis, phytoofluorosis and verticillosis. For the prophylaxis of root and fruit rot, it is recommended to monitor the soil: to regularly loose and mulch ground.
During flowering, the bushes of tomatoes can harm insects: TLL, Colorado beetle, cobwebs. For the prevention of pests, the bushes need to be treated by ammonia.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Recommended regions of growing tomato of this variety: North, North-West, Central, Volga-Vyatsky, Central Committee, North Caucasian, Meshnevilian, Nizhnevolzhsky, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian, Far Eastern.
Reviews about Altai Orange Mostly positive. Reviews talk about excellent taste qualities, high yields, unpretentiousness in care during the entire growth period of tomatoes. The plant is very good and stably gives a crop.