- Authors: Gavrish Sergey Fedorovich, Morav Viktor Vasilyevich, Amchevskaya Elena Valentinovna, Woller Olga Anatolyevna, King Valentin Grigorievich, Gavrish Fedor Sergeevich, OOO ‘Research Institute of Selection of Vegetable Cultures’
- Year of assumptions: 2004
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 104-115
- Growing conditions: for closed soil
- Production of commercial fruits,%: 98-100
- Branchism: Middle
- Refrigerant: Middle
See all the characteristics
Alhambra hybrid variety – a great option for landing in a closed soil. Even newcomers can grow it, because it does not require special care, at the same time, he has excellent immunity to some, often occurring diseases.
Description of varieties
According to the type of growth, this variety belongs to the intenerminant. When forming a bush, one stem with medium blasting is laid. Dark green foliage, color matte, middle size.
The inflorescence of the Alhambra is simple, above 9 sheets are laid first, all the others every three sheets.
This variety needs passing, it is necessarily tied up and form.
The main qualities of fruits
One of the advantages of the Alhambra is a high percentage of commercial fruit. This indicator ranges from 98 to 100%.
In immature form of fruits, like most tomatoes, green. When you sleep, become red. By the size of Alhambra Tomatoes, weighing from 142 to 170 grams. In shape they are flat-circular, have a weak rhine.
In one brush is formed from 4 tomatoes and more. And the fruits of this variety are distinguished by high bums.
The taste of the alhambra tomato can be described as excellent.
Ripening and fruiting
The average time of ripening involves 104 to 115 days from the moment of seed landing until vegetable having. Vintage can be started to collect in June, the collection period lasts until October.
The level of yield is 28.4-37.9 kg / kV. M. The described variety belongs to the yield.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
If the Tomato of the Alhambra is supposed to be grown in a greenhouse, then the seeds are planted from January to March. In the closed ground, the seed bookmark is made from March to April.
Seedlings can be planted in 45 days.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Plant seeds according to the 40×50 cm scheme.
Growing and care
For planting seeds fit fertile soil. Disembarking produce in containers to depth no more than 5 cm. Earth is abundantly watered, then covered with a film. When the first shoots appear, the film is cleaned to provide plants the required amount of light.
When seedlings are ready for landing, make pits with a size of a little more than the root ball. Necessarily watered. In general, to the watering of the tomato Alhambra a special relationship, the soil should remain wet, but do not dispel. The convergence cannot be allowed too, because in this case the probability of the appearance of mold and rot.
While the bushes of the tomato grow, remove the lower leaves and steps. The first is the main reason for the spread of fungal diseases, the second pulls the nutrients and moisture, but do not give quality fruits.
Alhambra is tied up to the stakes so that the bushes do not fall when pouring fruits.
As for feeding, in the first time it is made in a large amount of nitrogen. It helps to root, develop stems and shoots. When the flowering of fertilizer’s fertilizer appears with nitrogen, it is stopped, starting to use potash and phosphorus mixtures. Such compositions help improve the quality of tomatoes, give the necessary immunity from diseases.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
This variety has a good resistance to the following diseases:
From other diseases, proven fungicides based on sulfur and magnesium help.
Folk remedies helps well from pests: Nima oil and garlic infusion. If you can’t cope with insects, it is better to use insecticides.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
When landing into a ground, a grade is needed, so it is grown in greenhouses.
The central region of our country is ideal for landing the described variety.