- Authors: FGBNU Federal Research Center All-Russian Institute of Genetic Resources of Plants named. AND. Vavilova
- Year of assumptions: 1987
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for salting and canning, for whole-door canning
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 98-113
- Growing conditions: for open soil
- Transportability: High
- Bush size: Night-grade
See all the characteristics
All the favorite tomatoes have many varieties and hybrids with their own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Agatha variety is one of the well-known and proven time of determinant varieties with large fruits of universal destination. Tomatoes are incentive, of which are excellent salads, delicious and beautiful all-concert blanks. Since agate is a variety, its seeds retain all the varietal signs, they can be harvested independently, they have an excellent weighting.
History of removal
The variety was derived in the Federal Research Center for the All-Russian Institute of Genetic Resources of Plants named. AND. Vavilova. Tomato Agatha was registered and admitted to cultivation in 1987.
Description of varieties
Powerful low-speed bush 33-45 cm of the average desirable formats from five to six inflorescences, each of which develops 3-4 fetus. After the formation of the last inflorescence, the plant ceases growth, and all the forces redirects to the development of fruits. A bush forms the first inflorescence over 6-7 sheet, all subsequent follows through one sheet. Stems are covered with medium-sized glossy green leaves with a weak-artized surface and simple inflorescences.
The main qualities of fruits
Neurizruple flat-circular fruits weighing 77-99 grams covered with smooth dense skin, which explains excellent transportability. Green fruits in a state of technical maturity acquire red color. The pulp of red is divided into 5-11 seed nests and contains 5-5.5% dry substances.
Tomatoes have a pronounced pleasant taste and characteristic flavor, 3.8-5 points have a tasting scale.
Ripening and fruiting
Agatha variety belongs to early – dates of ripening 98-113 days, harvest is collected in July-August.
The variety is distinguished by a high harvest – from one hectare of 583-676 centners.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds to seedlings occurs in the second decade of March – the first decade of April. Approximate deadlines for landing in the ground May 15 – April 10, but it all depends on the region: it is possible to plant only after the end of return freezers. To obtain a sturdy seedlings, fertile air-permeable soil and pre-hardening of plants are necessary.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Young and strengthened plants plant on the garden space according to the scheme 40×50 centimeters.
Growing and care
Since tomatoes can be grown with a reckless way only in the southern regions, in all the rest with a more moderate climate, all varieties are grown only by a seaside way, even if they are intended for greenhouses. It also applies to early, ultrasound varieties and hybrids. Agatha is grown in the same way as the rest. Finished seedlings are planted into a well-prepared soil.
Wells it is not necessary to prepare in advance, you can do it on the day of planting or per day, which is much more convenient. For the cultivation of tomatoes choose a well-lit place, preferably protected from cold drafts. The soil must be fertile with neutral acidity in the area of 6-6.5. Good predecessors: legumes, cucumbers.
Seedlings are planted after the obligatory hardening procedure – it is trained to the sunshine, outdoor temperature, leaving the night on the veranda or on a closed, but unheated balcony. Despite the quenching, transplanted plants still need the first two weeks in high attention – they should be contacted from direct sunlight, cover film overnight. The ground, removed from the wells, enriched with superphosphate, organica (compost, humus, bird litter), wood ash. The roots of the plant neatly straighten next to the stuck peg-support, plowing the earth, the rambling it and spilling it well.
All subsequent care lies in timely weeding, loosening, irrigation and feeding. Tomato needs a threefold mapping of feeding per season. These may be complex mineral fertilizers or compositions prepared independently at home. For example, infusion cowboat or chicken litter, extract from wood ash and egg shell. If it is decided to use chicken litter, it is necessary to remember its excessive aggressiveness and the correct dosage:
For the preparation of the mother liquor, a dosage is used 1: 10;
For a secondary solution and feeding the dosage of 0.5: 10 – under each root poured half liters of diluted infusion, pre-shed soil with clean water.
The variety does not require steaming, but the bottom leaves are better removed during the pouring period of tomatoes, it will help to avoid the appearance of phytoophulas.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Unfortunately, agate does not have a strong immunity, so the grade is subject to most diseases characteristic of tomato culture. Phytofluorosis is especially dangerous, and besides, tomatoes attack slugs, whitefly, cobbled tick. Preventive processing insecticides and fungicides. As a home agent, garlic-onion tincture can be used: 100 grams of onions and garlic on the water bucket.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
The grade is zoned for warm and cold regions, it is grown in the North Caucasus and Middle Roll regions, as well as in the areas of Eastern and Western Siberia.