The apple tree is red early

  • Authors: G. BUT. Lobanov, Z. AND. Ivanova B. TO. Zaiga (Vnis them. AND. IN. Michurina)
  • Taste: sweet and sweet, dessert
  • Aroma: easy
  • The weight of the fetus, g: Middle – 90, Maximum – 120
  • Full size: below the average
  • Yield: At the age of 7 yields – up to 27 kg
  • Frequency frequency: Annual
  • Start of fruiting variety: for 4-5 year
  • Timing of ripening: Rannelnie
  • Removable maturity: July

See all the characteristics

Apple tree grade Red early is considered highly demanded in the southern regions. It is distinguished by unpretentious, high drought-resistant. Compact sizes apple tree refers to summer species, gives small bright apples that are distinguished by a magnificent taste.

History of removal of varieties

The red early grade is created on the basis of the All-Russian Research Institute. AND. IN. Michurin by a group of scientists: G. Lobanov, Z. Ivanova, B. Zeta. For crossing, summer varieties of spring and Melba were taken, as a result, an early ripening hybrid was obtained as a result.

Description of varieties

Apple tree is considered to be resistant to weather conditions and well adaptable. Refers to average varieties, as much as possible grows up to 5 m. The round shape of the crown requires trimming, over time it becomes an empty can reach 3 meters in diameter. Branches depart from the trunk almost at right angles. Cora has brown with yellowish color. Straightened branches are not covered with bark and slightly pubescent. High ligation. Leaves oblong light green medium sized with small cloths around the edges. The surface of the sheet is flat, pubescent, long painted. Fruit begins at the age of 4-5 years. Mixed fruiting type – fruits are tied on the rockets, copiers and annual increases.

Features, pros and cons

The grade is red early recommended for growing in the regions where summer is hot and dry. Excellent copes with long periods of drought, with high temperatures. In a cold climate, it is harder. Does not need extraneous pollinators, self-pollable. Requires regular trimming to thin the thick branches of the crown. Old apple trees bring smaller fruits.

Ideal for growing in small garden sites, used to create landscape compositions.

Among the advantages are called:

  • compactness and decorative species;

  • High renal witness;

  • self-pollution;

  • early maturation time;

  • drought resistance;

  • Society;

  • yield;

  • Average disease resistance.

Disadvantages less:

  • low winter hardiness;

  • thickened crown;

  • small size of apples;

  • crept when ripening;

  • Little shelf life (2-3 weeks).

Ripening and fruiting

Differs in stable and regular fruiting. Vintage can be collected in 2-3 decades of July. Ripen one of the first, refers to early-playing varieties.

Regions growing

Suitable for moderately continental climate, recommended for landing in the Nizhnevolzhsky and Central Black Earth Regions. Red early successfully fruits in the Moscow region and in the Volga region, but the yield is somewhat lower than in the south. There are cases of cultivation in the Leningrad region, the harvest is characterized as the average in terms of indicators.

Yield

From one adult tree collect about 27 kg of apples. Fruits ripen gradually, that is, they will be removed from the branches in several techniques. Overwhelmed apples that were not removed on time, creep. Apples ripen from late July to autumn.

Fruits and their taste

Have a rounded or shortened conical. Yellow apples painting, bright red skin with splashes of green or yellow. Weight of one apple 90-120 g. Skin slim, smooth, thickly covered with wax raid, under it – loose light yellow flesh sometimes a reddish shade. Gentle pulmonary consistency, slightly dense, juicy and fragrant. Dessert pleasant sour and sweet taste with a predominance of sweetness. Tasting estimate 4.4 on a five-point scale, evaluation of the appearance of 4.5 points. 100 g of meakty contains: sugar – 10.7%, titrated acids – 0.58%, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) – 12.5 mg.

Features of cultivation

Plant trees in spring to swelling kidney or in the fall until the cold. Place for planting Choose solar, open, smooth. Soil prefers loose, nutritious, with neutral acidity: loam and chernozem. The level of groundwater should not rise above 1.5 m from the surface. There are 4-5 m interval between the seedlings, between the rows of 3-4 m. Prepare a hole in a depth of 90 cm. Land loosen and fertilize. After landing, water – 20 liters.

Watering is carried out 2 times a week, in a hot climate 3-4 times. Necessarily – during flowering, tying and ripening fruit. Apple tree loves loose and wet ground.

Young trees necessarily make molding trimming. Recommend a three-tier crown formation system.

Traditionally, sanitary trimming do during the season. In the spring, before the start of awakening, dry the dry branches are cut, thin the crown, which has a tendency to overload in the central part, lubricate the place of trimming and damage. In the fall, weak and damaged branches are trimmed, whiten the trunk, insulate the rolling circle of mulch, trunk and branches in the area with cold winter wrapping with breathable material.

Pollination

Blossom starts at 3-4 years after landing. Mainly white flowers. Petals rounded shape, pestle is located at one level with stamens. Formation of inflorescences falls on the third decade of May and lasts until early June. For pollination, there are enough plants of one variety, refers to self-polished.

Subordinate

Held regularly. Young trees fertilize at least two times per season. Adult fruit trees feed in spring, early summer and after harvesting. Recommend alternating organic and mineral fertilizers.

Frost resistance

Characterized by the average winter hardiness. Irrify for 1-1.5 points in cold winters. For the winter, the space around the trunk and in the root zone should be stalled. It is noted that after the cold winters 2005-2006 and 2009-2010. Trees of this variety plentifully fruited.

Diseases and pests

Apple tree has an average resistance to a number of diseases. It is amazed by a pair, milder dew, fruit rot, cytospose and apple-eye cancer. From the pastes spray to the dissolution of the kidney to the Hom tool, prior to flowering – copper vitrios. From pulse dews are treated with “Sump” and “Topaz” preparations. From apple clay – remove the affected areas, then treated with burgundy liquid. With fruit rot, they collect and destroy sick apples.

Among the insects, the main pests are: Green Tlla, Laptop, Fruzeng, Apple Mol. Spray carboofos or chlorophos solutions: 2 weeks after flowering, after 3 weeks, processing is carried out again. In the fall of trunks of trees whites.

From rodents around trees put a plastic mesh, spray with copper vitriol or burglar liquid.

Review reviews

Gardeners are positively responding about the tastes of apples, many like the early fertility deadlines, when other varieties are only poured.

There is a good experience in growing red early in the suburbs: good winters, but requires protection against pests and diseases. Celebrate beautiful appearance of trees in any season. I like juice and compotes from apples of this variety. According to some, small apples seemed to be created for children: they themselves collect harvest and eat it right away.

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