- Authors: Holland
- Synonyms names: Vima Tarda Strawberry
- Taste: sweet
- The size: Large
- Weight: up to 45 gr
- Degree of yield: High
- Yield: up to 1 kg with bush
- Repair: No
- Timing of ripening: Late
- Advantages: grade perfectly tolerate temporary cooling, short-term heat and insufficient watering
See all the characteristics
The main advantages of the strawberry varieties of Vim Tard – versatility, unpretentiousness, the ability to successfully transfer the cooling, short-term heat, the deficiency of watering while maintaining the excellent taste of its fruits – determined the popularity of the variety in Russia.
History of removal of varieties
Quality of Largeness and Late Level of Strawberries Vim Tard variety received scientists from the Netherlands, which the varieties of Vioda and VIMA Zanta were produced productively. In the Russian State Structure of Culture since 2018. The excellent adaptability of the plant to relatively constant soil and weather changes determined its distribution on almost the entire Central Region of Russia.
Description of varieties
For Vim Tard is characterized by volumetric bushes with thick and lush foliage, intense growth of stalks. Forming powerful plants produce a lot of blooms. Bushes are denselyablic. Lesson of dark green shades large, with characteristic gloss, with nun-ribbed plates, non-intentionally pubescent, with wrinkles. The main part of the leaves is rounded in shape, with a pointed base. Highlights pinkish, extended, unnecessary.
Flowers of culture Obroat, white, significant sizes. Inflorescences Wideside down on the parties are located below foliage on strong blurces. Berries are held on the weight, without touching the earth.
Timing of ripening
Fruit culture in a very stretched period. The first harvest fee begins from the beginning of July, and comes to an end in about a month. If the climate allows, the culture is fruit to autumn. On average, this is 6-8 fees gradually ripening fruits.
The variety adapts perfectly to climate fluctuations and, along with the southern regions (Ukraine, Moldova), he is successfully grown in the Central Region of the Russian Federation and in Belarus.
State testing showed the average yield of strawberry Vim Tard in Russia – 7.4 tons with 1 hectares of landing, and in Belarus – 7.6 T. On average, 1 bush gives up to 1 kg of fruits. In prom worn, often get up to 10 tons with 1 hectare.
After 3-4 years from the date of landing, the variety yield decreases, update is required. When growing culture farmers, the landing update is produced once every 2 years.
Berries and their taste
Fruits of variety large, orange or dark red. The greatest weight of the berries reaches 45 g at the competent agrofon. In the form of fruit cone-like. Separate berries acquire a comb-shaped form. The greatest weight is obtained by the fruit of the initial collection, in the following yield – up to 35 g. Glossy, with uneven color of the peel, berries look extremely appetizing. Seeds – yellowish, tightly incoming in soft flesh. The flesh is juicy and gives a thick aroma. Tasting score 4.3-4.5 (out of 5). To taste the fruits sweet, with a slight sourness. Cloud odor persistent and strong, resembling flavors of forest strawberries. Ripe fruits are well covered with leaves, which complicates the collection.
The fruits traditionally use fresh. However, they are used for freezing, drying, jams, jams, compotes and juices.
The variety transportability is good, which promotes the dense structure of fruits.
Features of cultivation
Landing of varieties produced:
in the spring, when the heating of the soil reaches +10 degrees Celsius, the seedlings are developing canceled and strengthen the root system;
In the fall, the seating is made in the second decade of September, during this period the culture may not be entirely adapted, requires systematic feeding;
It is important to successfully pick up the landing time – plant roots should have time to strengthen the onset of frosts.
Plant Sunmealube, in shady places yield drops it. Therefore, it is not recommended to disseminate strawberries near trees and tall bushes.
Features of seeding:
Roots are chosen by light brown, without seals, with 3-4 separate processes, between which smaller are located;
seedlings are selected with 3-6 dense dark green leaves;
The main kidney must have a pink color.
Traditional landing algorithm. In the sense of care, the variety is unpretentious, but adhere to the right watering and fertilizer. Recommendations:
Watering the plant follows once every 3 days, when the reckout of its roofs begin to refuse;
Weeding applied only manual;
before irrigating necessarily loosening.
Moisturizing and loosening of the soil is carried out exclusively in the evenings when there are no sun.
Culture negatively takes significant fertilizer volumes, so their introduction is carried out gradually.
By purchasing landing materials, focus on a number of nuances:
lack of sluggish leaves;
Availability of at least three leaves with bright color and without spots;
The root neck must be about 6 mm wide;
The length of the roots of healthy seedlings is more than 7 cm.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
Places for planting varieties are selected solar, not windy, they are released from garbage, dripped, slow down and superphosphate. The soil must be neutrally acidic. The development of culture will go well, if there were places, garlic, legumes, oats, parsley and mustard. These plants reduce the risk level of pests and nourish the soil useful components.
The grade adapts perfectly and develops on the lungs and not very moistened soils. High rates are obtained when cultivating culture on sandy, fertilized soils, with humus composition Over 3%. No matter the strawberry develops on depleted and alkaline soils.
Vim Tard negatively responds to the oversaturation of soil by carbonates.
Farmers often have additional activities to pollinate the variety and reasonably. Otherwise, it is possible that the appearance of the “cored” berries and the unsatisfactory level of yield is due to poor-quality pollination. Crossing culture with other varieties is possible (even neighboring strawberries) with the help of insect pollinkers.
It is usually quite enough to feed the grade 3 times in the season:
minerals – before the appearance of flowers and at the end of the collection;
During the summer period once a month by the addition of bird litter (solution 1: 20) or a cowboard (1: 10).
The frequency of making these solutions depends on the fertility of the soil.
All about fertilizers for strawberries
One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Vim Tarta – a frost-resistant plant, the temperature limit is -22. In warm areas, culture does not hide. In the cold, where snow winters, the culture will break well, but with a shortage of snow sediments may die. Before cooling, the bushes are hidden by hay, straw, pine cheese, spruce yard. Apply for insulation and agriched, pre-establishing special arcs.
Diseases and pests
High resistance of varieties to diseases gives a real possibility of obtaining an eco-friendly crop. In the number of preventive measures, landing near the culture of velvetsev, calendula, garlic, bow and other. Garlic and onion compositions are also performed.
The wave is afraid of the dilapidated and divorced in the water in the water (½ piece on 10 liters of water).
Fighting diseases and pests
Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.
Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves
Optimal varieties of breeding of grade two ways.
By resetting the outlets when they are separated from the maternal bush with roots and native Earth lumps. Fertilizer is placed in the hole, and then the socket itself. Acclimization period is 3 days.
Usami. Culture gives little molding, but the method is less traumatic. The shoots are neatly separated, placed them in a jar with an aqueous solution of phosphoric fertilizer, and when the roots appear, they are transferred to a glass with a prepared earth. After a couple of weeks, young people will be ready to land on the garden. The term of the appearance of a mature bush – 1.5 months.
Seed reproduction – the process of time consuming and time consuming, and for Vim Tard does not apply.