- Authors: American selection
- Taste: sour-sweet
- The size: Large
- Weight: 30-60 gr
- Degree of yield: High
- Yield: more than 1 kg with bush
- Repair: Yes
- Berry color: brilliant, dark red
- Winter hardiness: High
- Ammpliness: Yes
See all the characteristics
Among foreign varieties, well-proven themselves in the cultivation of Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian gardeners, the strawberry of Selva is advantageous, or how else it is called, Selva.
History of removal of varieties
Repairing Early Selvi Grade – the result of selection conducted by American experts from the University of California in the 70s. XX century. For his appearance, Brighton varieties with varieties of Tafts and Pajero. Selvia tests were given good indicators on the open ground and in greenhouse conditions. Selva grade was tested in Southern California and in some regions of Northern Europe. Since 1984, the right to distribute this variety protects the patent of the manufacturer.
Description of varieties
High-resistant, scattered bush with large leaves and similar blooms. Young plants very actively form shoots.
Timing of ripening
Selva has repair. Berries ripen in early terms. The period of fruiting begins with June and continues until the first frost.
The degree of yield is high, from 1 kg from each bush. Under control, in the conditions of protected soil, the American variety can be fruit almost continuous. In the open area, fruits ripen waveforming (3-5 yields per season), the main peak of the yield falls on the middle of summer and lasts until September or October (to autumn frosts).
Abundant fruiting bushes give in the 1st and 2nd years of vegetation.
Berries and their taste
Juicy strawberry Selva looks attractive. Large, shiny, dark red fruits rounded conical shape. Mass of one berry is about 30-60 g. Fragrance saturated, strawberry.
Taste of a dense pulp dessert, moderately sweet. Inside golden yellow, slightly reddish seeds located almost on the surface itself.
Red flesh, but brighter closer to the core. It is much more dense than many other strawberry varieties.
Features of cultivation
Selva is considered a rather unpretentious culture. However, the indicators of productivity, the size and taste of quality affect the level of intensity of the agricultural engineering used.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
American Selvi grade is preferably planted on areas with fertile, moderately loose soil (loam), neutral or weakness. But even under these conditions, plants require regular (at least three times per season) feeding by an organica and a mixture of mineral fertilizers. It is important that the plantation does not occur. To do this, you need to control the illumination, and ensure that.
When landing between strawberry bushes it is recommended to leave a distance within 40-50 cm to have enough space to subsidiaries giving the following portion of the harvest.
Landing need intensive watering for 10 days. After already watered less often. To maintain the required level of humidity, the soil must be mulched (cover the nonwoven fleece color).
In the arid period, the bushes stop in growth and fruiting, the fruits are dehydrated and bang. On the recommendations of gardeners with experience, in the southern regions, this plant needs to grow in a half, and not in the open sun.
The most beneficial will be the use of seedlings with a closed root system. Mustache preferably root using plastic cups.
Since this variety is a mustache long and numerous, some gardeners grow American strawberries as a wound plant. Near the bush is set by the trellis, so that the craver must be powered by, forming a unique natural green corner on the site.
When growing a strawberry grade of Selvi in an open ground with pollination of gardeners, there are no problems. For this you need only wind and bees. In order for pollination to be high-quality in the greenhouse, it should be artificially arranged drafts, taking advantage of a cold airflow fan. During the flowering period, strawberries include it for 3 hours a day.
The whole season of vegetation must be made under the bushes special mineral fertilizers and the organic. Feeding are conducted in parallel with watering.
All about fertilizers for strawberries
One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
According to the degree of frozen in the winter without snow, the grades attributed to a malozim-resistant. In many domestic regions in a climate, characteristic of the middle strip, in Belarus and in Ukraine, strawberry bushes can be winter and unscrew (under a dense snow cover) and withstand temperatures to -16 degrees.
In the regions with a mild climate, they are enough to cover the sweetheart or non-woven cloth. Frosty winter uses another shelter. The beds are covered with a dense layer of peat (humoring), mulching soil in advance.
So that the bushes have better transferred the cold, they first harde them. Leaves can not be deleted, as they will naturally warm the plant.
Diseases and pests
Do not amazed with gray rot, as well as white and brown spot. Putting and strawberry tick strawberry plant is striking extremely rarely.
Gray rot may appear as a consequence of soil moistening, when landing on a shaded area, when connecting berries with soil.
If still a disease attacked, you should get rid of the infectious parts of the plant, and process the plant by fungicides.
Fighting diseases and pests
Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.
Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves
Strawberry bushes It is important to multiply every year using one of several ways.
Division of uterine bushes
Getting from a seedling of several processes. This method is one of the best, because in such a way it is possible to maintain all the characteristics of the variety declared by the authors.
Reproduction of seeds
A rather time-consuming occupation, since they first have to be removed from the berries, and after germinate in a warm and wet place, only then transplant to pots. It is possible to transfer to open soil when the seedlings will give the first full-fledged leaves.
The easiest way. To do this, pour out the layer of land one of the collapsing mustache of American garden strawberries. After some time, a seedlot is formed from him. It has to be separated from the main bush and transplant.
Under favorable conditions, the Hybrid Culture of Selva begins to be froning after 3 months after landing.
Berry density generates dual reviews. On the one hand, it provides excellent safety indicators in transportation and storage, and on the other, it raises the discontent consumers characterizing the strawberry of Selva as too hard, not too juicy and inadequate berry.
The variety attracts the attention of gardeners growing fruits for sale. When transporting over long distances, strawberries retains natural shape, berries remain appetizing and do not flow.
These berries and cooks are highly appreciated. Delicious strawberry willingly eat in the fresh form, fragrant compotes and sweet jam boil out of it. Good strawberries and for freezing. After thawing retains its fragrance and elasticity. Does not become water and tasteless.