Strawberry Ruyana

  • Authors: Czech Republic
  • Taste: sweet
  • The size: Small
  • Size, see: Length – 1.5-2 cm
  • Weight: up to 7 grams
  • Degree of yield: High
  • Yield: 2.5 kg with 1 m2
  • Repair: Yes
  • Advantages: High blooms retain berries clean after rain
  • Purpose: Fresh use

See all the characteristics

Garden strawberry with a sophisticated name Ruyana was led by experts from the Czech Republic. Berries are recommended to eat in fresh form, enjoying excellent taste. In the climatic conditions of Russia, this kind of strawberry has taken root without problems.

Description of varieties

Plant Height Parts from 15 to 20 centimeters, with a similar width. Due to the compact form, the bushes can be grown in small areas. Expressive and neat krone in the shape of a ball gives a variety of ruda high decorative qualities. Leaves – bright green, tightly twisted.

Long and strong flowerons rise over a green mass. Ripe berries rise above the bush, not touching the earth. So the fruits remain whole and healthy.

In the process of growth, the Czech strawberry does not throw away the mustache, giving all the strength and useful trace elements berries.

Timing of ripening

Breeders brought the removable grade, rejoicing harvest several times per season. Fruit strawberries begins almost since the beginning of the spring and to the first cold.

Yield

With stable care for plantation, even a novice gardener will be able to collect up to 2.5 kilograms of crop from one square meter of the site. Yield and transportability – high. If the conditions in the region are comfortable, new berries are collected every 2-3 days. It is recommended to carry out the work in the early morning, after the departure.

Ripe berries can be frozen and store for a long time without loss of appearance and taste. The grade is regularly fruits for four years, after which the plantation should be updated.

Berries and their taste

Small berries are gaining only 7 grams in weight. Length – from 1.5 to 2 centimeters. Most fruits have a smooth conical form, but encountered and curved specimens. Ripe strawberry is painted in a bright-scarlet color, with a pink juicy flesh. The surface of the fruit is a medium-drinker, covered with small bones, not depressed in the flesh.

Taste nice, sweet. It complements the expressive fragrance of forest strawberries.

Features of cultivation

Ruyana – a universal variety that is not afraid of nor frosts or drought. In reproduction, seeds are planted in the period from February to March. If the gardener uses ready-made seedlings, you can put a landing in the middle of autumn. Fast accessibility allows the plant to easily adapt in a new place before the arrival of frosts.

Strawberry advise landing with rows, leaving the gap between them in 30-35 centimeters, the distance between the bushes – 20-25 centimeters. To save space on the plot, Ruyana variety can be planted along a garden track. Due to the lack of mustache, the plant does not clog the territory.

Resistance to drought does not give bushes to die, but too dry and hot weather badly affects the quality of the harvest. In this weather, garden strawberries irrigated 2-3 times a week. Watering season falls at the beginning of the fruit. Actual and warm water is injected under root so that it does not fall on flowers and foliage. Work is carried out in the early morning or in the evening, after sunset.

Weighing plants quickly grow up and take precious moisture in fruit culture. Weeds need to be immediately removed until they flooded plantation. Earth around bushes loose 1-2 times a month and cover the layer of mulch. It not only supports the desired level of moisture, but also prevents the breeding of weed plants. Wide distribution received black agrofiber on which bushes are grown.

Due to the fact that Ruyang’s grade does not form a mustache, the process of care for them is facilitated. No need to spend time on the removal of lateral shoots.

Choosing a place and soil preparation

Garden strawberries feels great on sunny plots. If there is a small blackout, it will not be a problem. The territory chosen for planting seedlings is carefully loosen and fertilized. Square meter consumes a bucket of organic fertilizer.

Czech grade is badly leaving on clay ground, prefers loose land. To do this, sand add to the soil. If acidity is increased, it must be neutralized. High efficiency demonstrates Dolomitic flour, ash or ordinary lime. 0.5 kilograms of substances are used per square meter of plantations.

Pollination

Garden Culture – Beekeeper, needs cross-pollination. The first buds are blown in the spring, and flowering lasts to deep autumn.

Subordinate

Strawberry quickly depletes the soil, taking the nutrient components from it. In the year of planting plants, feeding is not required, and since the next season you need to regularly feed the plantation.

Optimal fertilizer making.

  • Ammonia Selitra is used in early March. This component is needed to form buds. For the preparation of the drug 40 grams of product diluted in water bucket.
  • A tablespoon of nitroammofoski is bred in a bucket of water and bring under roots at the beginning of flowering.
  • The composition of nitroammofoski and potassium sulfate (proportions – on the tablespoon on the water bucket) are used in the process of berries.

All about fertilizers for strawberries

One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.

More details

YeastBoric acidAmmoniaAshIodine

Frost resistance and need for shelter

High resistance to frost allows the bushes to survive a cold in the regions with soft and short winters without compulsory shelter. However, in areas with harsh weather conditions, plantation is desirable to protect. After harvesting the last wave of crop all the blooms are cut. Also remove old leaves and affected shoots. To disinfect the rows of bushes are treated with copper vigorous.

Young seedlings planted in autumn, shelter straw, coniferous branches or spunbond. The variety is able to withstand frosts up to 30 degrees Celsius.

Diseases and pests

Ruyana is not afraid of mildew and other common diseases. Congenital immunity also protects strawberries from dangerous insects. If the berries attracted the attention of weevils or strawberry ticks, the bushes are treated with a shelf or mustard powder (200 grams of raw materials dissolve in 10 liters of water).

Gray rot is quickly developing in warm and crude weather. It is best to protect the wood ash that the land is sprinkled around plants.

Fighting diseases and pests

Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.

More details

WeevilBellenkaAntsSlugMiteNematodeTRIPSBeetles

Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves

Reproduction

Due to the fact that the Czech garden strawberry does not form a mustache, this variety is breeding seeds or division. The first option is used most often. Sowing material has a high percentage of germination. Sowing is carried out in the period from February to May.

Many gardeners choose a seedling method with peat tablets. You can buy them at any gardener store.

Work is performed according to the following scheme:

  • Tablets from peat are watered with water and leave for two days so that they are swollen;
  • Next, they are placed in the container and each tablet is lowered on one seed;
  • Capacity with sowing material is covered with glass or dense cellophane and transferred to the windowsill;
  • Periodically, it is necessary to spray pills from the spray gun so that they do not swam;
  • As soon as the first shoots, glass or film are removed;
  • Seedlings are planted for a new place immediately after the formation of strong roots;
  • If the weather on the street is not warm enough, the seedlings are frozen in the greenhouse.
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