- Authors: All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants. AND.IN. Michurina
- Taste: sweet
- The size: very large
- Degree of yield: High
- Repair: No
- Timing of ripening: Medium
- Purpose: Universal
- Description of the bush: Raskyady
- Berry color: cherry-ruby
- Winter hardiness: winter hardy
See all the characteristics
Strawberry – a perennial plant that the love of gardeners won around the world. It’s not just a delicious berry, it is beautiful and very useful. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, variety varieties increase each year. So, a grade ruby pendant was and remains one of those who loved among the girodnik lovers.
History of removal of varieties
The author is VNII Genetics and breeding fruit plants. AND. IN. Michurina. Scientists for the first time declared a grade in 1980, later in 1988 he was registered.
Description of varieties
External features of the bush: the average, stretched, the leaves of medium sizes have a dark-green color, flowers during flowering are located under the leaves, in the form of the flower resemble an umbrella. The alert on the bush is formed by the average amount, therefore, they must be removed periodically. Roots at bush powerful, hardy. Strawberry has no repair, so more suitable for home use. Ruby Coulomb High Welfare, as the flesh of berries is dense and well tolerate transportation to other regions.
Timing of ripening
The variety refers to medium, as the plant begins to bloom in early June, and the ripening of the berries begins in early July. Berries are growing at the same time, when collecting is not injured and remain dry.
After registration, the variety was admitted to cultivation in the Central Black Earth, Central, Volga-Vyatka and West Siberian, as well as the East Siberian Regions. Currently, the variety is spread almost everywhere.
Despite the fact that the ruby pendant is not considered to be removable, the degree of its yield is quite high. For the season from one bush, you can collect up to 1 kg of berries.
Berries and their taste
At the beginning of fruiting fruits achieve large sizes, their mass can reach 50 g, by the end weight decreases a bit. If it is properly to care for the plant, the berries will remain as large. They have a classic form in the form of a cone with a short neck.
The pulp of red juicy and dense, which makes the berry transportable. Due to the density of the pulp from strawberries of this variety, it is possible to harm the compotation and jam for the winter, as it does not lose the form and does not weld.
Skin also has a cherry-ruby shade, sometimes burgundy. Seeds on berry average quantity and they are a little indulge in the flesh. The taste of strawberry sweet, has a characteristic fragrant fragrance.
Features of cultivation
Since the rosettes of this plant grow large, it should be planted at a distance of 45 cm from each other. In order for the ranks evenly illuminated, they must be placed from north to south.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
Strawberry loves spacious solar places, so it’s not worth landing them in the shade of the trees. Before planting it is necessary to enter the compost or humus. One fertilizer bucket is taken on 1 m2. This strawberry variety prefers the soil of neutral acidity. In order to achieve a neutral pH, peat, wood ash or a dolomite flour can be added to the ground. Preference should be given to dolomite flour – it will enrich the soil with magnesium.
Pollination of strawberries occurs with insects. White, a little pinkish flowers attract with their appearance butterflies and bees.
Plant must be pumped 3 times in the vegetative season. The first feeding is carried out early in spring, you can use any organic fertilizer. It can be a cow manure and a bird litter. Dilution item 1: 20. You can purchase any mineral fertilizers where there is a high nitrogen content.
The second dressing is carried out during flowering when there is an intensive education inventory. During this period, Potash Selutyra. 1 teaspoon fertilizer is taken on the water bucket.
The third dressing takes place at the end of May, use organic fertilizers for this. For feeding should be given a preference to a spectal infusion. On one plant consumed 0.5 liters of fertilizer. For the manufacture of infusion, you must half fill the bucket or other tank tank and pour water. Leave to appease for 2 weeks. Then to strain the infusion, breed water in a 1: 4 ratio. In addition, the roasting zone of sockets several times during the summer it is necessary to spray wood ash. She will not only feed the plant, but also will save from fungal diseases.
All about fertilizers for strawberries
One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
The grade is winter-hardy, as 25-degree frost transfers normally, but should not risk, and it is better to cover strawberries for the winter. You can use a straw mulch, apply about 8 cm layer.
Diseases and pests
Strawberry unpretentious and well adapts to climatic conditions. The variety is resistant to diseases, among which the powdery dew, bright spot, white spot. In preventive purposes, it is sometimes worth handling bushes with burgundy liquid or drugs that contain copper in its composition. This will help prevent not only diseases, but also get rid of pests.
Fighting diseases and pests
Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.
Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves
Breeding strawberries in three ways. One of them – reproduction of the mustaches. For this, the bush leave the mustache with two or three sockets, the rest are cut. During the summer, the outlet on the remaining assholes will be rooted and will be prepared for further transplant.
The second way – the division of the bush. The root system of strawberries of this variety is well developed, so seedlings are very good.
Third way – reproduction seeds. This procedure is long, so the method is not distributed, and he should not pay special attention.
Gardening gardens say that the grade has proven itself well. Berries can be used in canned and fresh. Pretty unpretentious care.