- Authors: BUT. IN. Petrov, Moscow Experienced Station
- Taste: sour-sweet
- The size: Large
- Weight: Middle Weight 12-13 g
- Degree of yield: High
- Yield: 10.4 t / ha
- Timing of ripening: Rannessed
- Purpose: Fresh use, recycling (juice, jam, jam, etc.)
- Description of the bush: medium height, densely fronted, compact
- Berry color: Dark red
See all the characteristics
Among the varietal strawberries, Komsomolsk is standing out not only by a high yield, for which it is valued by owners of private household plots and large horticultural farms. Balanced flavor properties of berries, ease of breeding, unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil – here’s just a small part of its advantages.
History of removal of varieties
Strawberry Komsomolka was removed at the Moscow pilot station by the breeder. IN. Petrov. Crossing was carried out between the varieties of Kethen’s miracle and Roshchinskaya.
Description of varieties
Strawberry of this variety is well transported, has an attractive product view. Plants have compact, thick-covered with leaves of medium and heights. Green outlet color. Its covers shiny leaves of the correct round or oval shape.
On a bush, large patterns with a characteristic white tint of petals and a middle. After the first season flasher. It does not affect fruiting.
Komsomol dot is distinguished by a well-developed root system, and for it is characterized by the formation of several branches at once on 1 bush. This is necessary to take into account when thinning landings, subsequent division. The variety gives a sufficient amount of dilution steps.
Timing of ripening
For Komsomolskaya Komsomolnaya Rannoxicatics of the aging of berries. It gives fruit in the 3nd decade of June, the peak of fruction falls in July.
Komsomolka is well adapted to the climate of the central regions of Russia, the Volga region. It is possible to grow in southern Siberia when ensuring proper care. There is experience in successful grade cultivation in the North Caucasus. Winter hardiness is not too high, so the grades are weakly adapted to strong cold.
The intensity of the fruiting of the strawberry variety is high, when collecting up to 10.4 t / ha, it is suitable for use in farms. At the cottage section from the bush, it is possible to receive at least 500 g of berries per season. With 1 m2 of landings, it is possible to get up to 1500 g of crop.
Berries and their taste
From the berries of the Komsomolskka boiled jams and jams, juices are preparing. It is suitable for use in fresh form, frost. Berries have a pronounced ribbon, the main form of stupid. They are pretty large, saturated dark red. The average weight of the fetus varies within 12-13 g, from the second collection it increases by 2-3 times.
The grade is not distinguished by a pronounced aroma, taste properties are due to the balance of acid content, there are 0.98%, and sugars here (5.78%). The flesh is also painted brightly, dense. Skin holds it well from possible deformation.
Features of cultivation
The grade can be cultivated in the open ground, as well as in greenhouses and greenhouses. In the daytime, it is recommended to ensure access of sun rays, fresh air. The optimal irrigation mode is achieved by drip irrigation of the soil. Landing the bushes is possible in spring and autumn periods, for fruiting the next year it is better to use the July transfer of new plants in the soil.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
Komsomolka is not too demanding about the selection of landing sites. She feels great on peatlands, alumina and chernozem. The only thing that is worth paying attention is a homogeneous site height. In lowlands and on the cheese terrain, it is not necessary to count on abundant fruiting. Wetlands for this variety also do not fit.
Preparation for landing lies in the careful removal of weighing plants. In addition, to protect against infections, it is recommended to disseminate the soil with an aqueous solution of ammonia. Streets rich strongly or rich in limestone pre-lead normal. The plant must be protected from drafts, it is also necessary to take care of the organization of shelter.
Landing is recommended in abundantly moistned wells according to the scheme 40 × 60 cm. Roots necessarily straighten, the ground is rambling. During the period of rooting the bushes require daily irrigation in the morning hours. When landing according to the scheme 35 × 35 cm yield rises, but strawberries require more thorough care.
Komsomolka – Strawberry with same-sex flowers, not self-free. For pollination, the grade cassting is spinning nearby, but other varieties with early blossoms are also suitable.
Komsomolka reacts well to feeding, especially when growing soils in the poor. It shows the early fertilizer by the organica, in spring under the bushes they bring overwhelmed manure or infusion of a cowhouse at a concentration of 1: 10. For strengthening flowering, fruiting is recommended for feeding with potash compositions or mineral complexes on the leaves.
Upon completion of the breed collection season, a bed with strawberries fertilize. Mineral complexes use mineral complexes for more active bookmark.
All about fertilizers for strawberries
One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.
Diseases and pests
Strawberry Komsomolskaya does not have a high immunity against fungal diseases. Grade vulnerable for gray rot, mildew, needs thorough care. Since berries ripen quite late, the risks of their defeat are increasing not only diseases, but also pests – strawberry tick. Preventive insecticidal processing, mulching of the soil help to reduce the likelihood of infection.
Fighting diseases and pests
Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.
Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves
Breeding strawberry Komsomolka occurs in several ways. Seed is used mainly by breeders, requires serious labor costs. Most often to obtain new seedlings, the division of the bush in the autumn period is used, upon completion of fruiting, as well as steaming. For this, there are 2-3 strong usa on the plant, their rooting, the formation of the outlet, is then separated from the parent plant, transplant.
According to those who have already successfully grown strawberries Komsomolskaya Komsomolka on its plot, it is quite difficult for her to find a replacement. Annual abundant fruiting allows you to almost completely cover the need for fresh berries and raw materials for canning. The stability of the size of the fruits is noted – they are not mines, as well as the ease of formation of their own plots on a new planting material, only due to side shoots.
The disadvantages of the variety owners of such plants include abundant formation of mustache. Grocery for the season overcomes almost completely. In addition, exclusively female flowers are formed on the bushes, you have to pick up suitable “neighbors” to get a crop.