- Authors: USA
- Taste: sweet
- The size: Large
- Weight: 11-12 gr
- Degree of yield: High
- Yield: 1.1 kg with m / n
- Timing of ripening: Laying
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Description of the bush: Big and high, reprehensive, compact
- Berry color: Bright red
See all the characteristics
Zamar grade is distinguished by resistance to adverse weather conditions, unpretentiousness. This is a plant at a late maturation. A large dessert strawberry blushes at the end of summer, when other varieties finished fruit. High yield and excellent tastes immediately won recognition of gardeners. Listed in the State Register since 1992. Holiday became a twin priest of many popular varieties.
It should not be confused with the repairful variety of cholidity yellow.
History of removal of varieties
Released in the United States when crossing varieties Raritan and New York.
Description of varieties
Buckets compact, tall, reprehension, moderately covered with foliage. Large, light green coloring leaves with a slight option have light wrinkles. Flowerines are low strong, located on the same level with leaves. Inflorescences are large with plenty of colors. Blossom abundant and permanent. Mustache form negative.
Timing of ripening
Berries appear at the end of June or early August. The first is large and wide, subsequent berries grow smaller and differ with a conical form.
Recommend to grow strawberry Holiday in the North-West and Central Regions of the Russian Federation, in the Urals and the North Caucasus.
The view is considered high-yielding. With one bush under favorable conditions, about 1.5 kg are collected per season. Young plants give a higher harvest, after a year or two its number decreases. Circling should be regularly updated. Gudders recommend applying compacted growing technology to increase yields.
Berries and their taste
The first wave is large berries with tops in the form of a crest. The average weight of the berries – 32 g, the largest can reach – 60 g. The following parties ripen smaller in size, on average about 11-12 g. Strawberries characterizes a pronounced fragrance. Tight bright red glossy skin, fragrant flesh dark orange, juicy and very sweet, with light sourness, contains vitamin C. During transportation are not crushed, preserve freshness up to 7 days.
Features of cultivation
Unpretentious variety of strawberries Holiday is suitable for beginner gardeners.
One of the main advantages of it is the drought resistance, but it is necessary to consider that with a regular lack of water will decrease the taste and quality of berries. Watering bushes advise in moderation, with an excess of moisture, the berry pulp becomes tasteless and water.
Watering is carried out in special grooves between planted rows, but not inside the bush. Often organize a drip irrigation system. The yield variety requires abundant feeding. With timely watering and making fertilizers, culture will delight abundant and delicious harvest. Mustache and steps need to constantly cut, except for plants left for seedlings.
Can be grown, regardless of the season, houses on the windowsill in a container height from 15 cm.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
The soil for Holiday varieties should have neutral acidity indicators, be light and permeable to air and moisture, fertile. The plot is selected on a protected area, smooth, sunny place. Culture quickly depletes the soil, so it is recommended to make a new one in a new place in 3-4 years.
Two weeks before landing, the soil is cleaned from weeds, dripping, peat, humid, compost, lime, river sand. If the soil is heavy and clay, add more porous compositions, if acidic, add lime or chalk. Stuffs are planted in a row with an interval of 30 cm, between rows – 40 cm. From the density of the soil depends the frequency of irrigation: with loose ground, the ground is watered more often, in a more dense soil – less. To save moisture, lay a layer of mulch.
Strong flowers have a middle height, they are compact inflorescences with rims. This is a samopidal variety: pollination occurs without the participation of strawberries of another variety. The period of bloom comes 2-3 weeks later the main varieties.
Fertilizers are brought three times for the season: in the spring – during the period of active growth of the leaves, in the summer – during flowering and tie fruits, in the fall – after harvesting berries. Recommend to choose organic fertilizers – wood ashes, compost, humus, cow.
All about fertilizers for strawberries
One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
For the winter, the bushes fall asleep peat, they are covered with straw or hay, they laid a cheva or pine yard from above.
Diseases and pests
Strawberry has high resistance to fungal diseases, exception – gray rot and vertical wilt. To make them prophylaxis spray with burgundy liquid or safe fungicides, the soil regularly mulk. From the pests it is necessary to fear the strawberry tick. Treatment is carried out by spraying “Fufanon” or “Uniewn”.
Birds love to fall apart with a lush strawberry, they use frightened and ratchets against them, beds are covered with light grids. Slisons will scare up between the rows of parsley and carrots, nemids – onions, garlic, velvets.
Fighting diseases and pests
Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.
Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves
Holiday most often breed vegetatively – young bushes, which are formed at the ends of the first mustache of two-year or annual plants. The division of the bush is often used in transplanting with an old bed to a new place.
A less efficient and more laborious way is to reproduce seeds. The first berries will appear only two years after landing, and the percentage of seeds depends on the quality of the sowing material and the skills of the gardener.
Kennels and shops are offered to purchase ready-made varieties – this is a reliable way to update culture on the plot.
Gardeners among advantages call high strawberry yields, excellent taste and simple agrotechnical. A variety is practically not ill. The late term of fruction Many were appreciated – the whole strawberry has long finished fruit, and Holiday pleases the owners of fragrant berries.
Not all gardeners like that the first very large berries begin to ripe the fruits of smaller sizes. One of the main deficiencies of culture is called the complexity of breeding – the plant forms few new mustows. Some noted that the plant sometimes suffers from the strawberry tick.