- Authors: US selection, California
- Taste: Sweet, but not shown, with spicy acid
- The size: Large
- Weight: 30-50 gr
- Degree of yield: High
- Yield: 1-2 kg with bush
- Repair: Yes
- Purpose: Universal
- Description of the bush: average, strong
- Berry color: bright carmine, glossy
See all the characteristics
Universal variety of strawberry Albion is considered new. For a short term of this type of garden culture, it was possible to gain popularity from many summer residents, including professional gardeners. In Russia, this species is grown in the regions with different climates.
History of removal of varieties
Albion variety was developed by representatives of the University of California in Davis. This institution is widely known thanks to the research of garden strawberries. The creators of the varieties are considered to be Kirk Larson and Douglas Show. To get strawberries Albion, experts crossed the variety of Diamante and a variety registered under the number Cal 94.16-1.
Description of varieties
Plant can be determined by massive foliage painted in thick, green. Glossy coating. Bushes strong, medium height. Sizes 20×30 centimeters (height and width). In excess of nitrogen fertilizers, the bushes significantly exceed the above parameters, which negatively affects the quality and quantity of the crop.
Flowerines massive and strong. They rise above the ground and foliage. Cuttings of medium length. One of the variety features – small, rounded teeth along the edges of the leaves. Also characteristic features are the anthocian painting of the stiffens and the input of the green mass.
Timing of ripening
Due to the repair, the fertility period of garden strawberries can stretch for the whole season. The harvest is collected early, the first berries are spinning about 3 weeks after flowers appear on the blossoms.
On the territory of the southern regions, the first harvest is assembled in the late spring. The second wave of fruiting falls on the first decade of July. For the third time, the berries are viewed by the end of summer, and the last, fourth wave – mid-September.
Exact deadlines depend on weather conditions in the region. In the north, peak fruction can be shifted for several weeks. If the winter starts early, the strawberry will have to be covered with green berries, as they do not have time to grow.
From one bush can be collected from 1 to 2 kilograms of fruits, but on average it is from 400 grams to 1 kilogram of garden strawberries. This indicator indicates a high yield. High berries high freight. Vintage easily tolerates long-term transportation.
Berries and their taste
Strawberry conical shape. As aging, the saturated carmine color becomes. The glossy berry surface, the weight of each varies from 30 to 50 grams. Sometimes there are copies of 60 grams. Large dimensions. Ripe fruits have a sweet, but not tortured taste, with pleasant and gentle acidic acid. And also the grade boasts appetizing and saturated aroma.
With proper care of the garden culture inside there will be no emptiness. Flesh tight and juicy, bright pink. The collected crop can be stored for a long time without loss of commodity appearance.
Features of cultivation
When growing a variety, a landing place must be changed every 3-4 years. Plant easily tolerate drought. It is difficult to care for the bushes, so Albion is recommended to cultivate only experienced gardeners. Between the bushes, you need to leave the gap of 40 centimeters, and between the rows – 60 centimeters. Culture can be grown in a greenhouse. Excessively intense watering leads to the fact that the crop loses the taste.
Choosing a place and soil preparation
Strawberry Albion preferably grow on the territory of warm regions. Landing spend in spring or autumn. Bushes should have time to root before the arrival of frosts, and in the new season they will begin to delight harvest. If the variety is cultivated in the north, the bushes plant plant. The first flowers are removed to the strawberry stuck.
The perfect area for garden strawberries – even or with a slight slope lit by the rays of the sun and protected from drafts. Soil feed organic compositions. For exhausted soils use 2 fertilizer buckets per square meter.
The variety has flowers for male and female types, due to which he is pollinated independently. White petals. A cup consists of 5-8 petals, a little concave.
For fruit culture Albion is important to regularly make feeding. Due to the repair features, the plant constantly needs nutrients to form fruit. Experts recommend using the body: manure, littering birds, korovyat, compost. When choosing liquid compositions, strawberries fertilize once every 2-3 weeks.
Mineral-based fertilizers are also used and entered 3 times per season.
As soon as young leaves appear, floor-liter carbamide solution on one bush is introduced into the ground.
The second time feeding is used before the start of flowering. Solution is prepared: a teaspoon of sulfate and 2 tablespoons of nitroammofoski dissolve in the bucket of water. On each bush use 0.5 liters of composition.
As soon as the period of fruiting is ends, chosen the feeding of wood ash (1 cup) and nitroposks (2 tablespoons). These components dissolve in 10 liters of water. Consumption – 1 liter on the plant.
And also this variety reacts remarkably to extractive fertilizers. Professional gardeners are recommended at the beginning of spring to perform a spraying solution of manganese sulfate. High efficiency demonstrates boric acid. Urea use under the end of summer.
All about fertilizers for strawberries
One of the important techniques in the care of strawberries is the feeding. Regular fertilization makes it guarantees a rich crop. There are several different ways to feed strawberries and each of them is intended for a certain period of plant development. During flowering, fruiting and after it, the feeding must be different.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Variety Albion has low frost resistance, in connection with this berries plantation need to be covered before the arrival of winter. Protect garden strawberries in all regions, even in those latitudes where winter is warm and short. Even short-term freezing can cause the death of plants. If snow cover is too thin, you need to use special covering materials.
Diseases and pests
This specification has a high congenital resistance to common diseases and infections. Despite this characteristic, it is recommended to periodically produce prophylactic treatment. The procedure is advised to perform in the spring after the frosts retreated, and the snow melted. Preparations “Glocladin” and “Phytosporin” are used during flowering.
And you can also prepare the healing composition yourself. The proportions on the water bucket – 30 drops of iodine and 40 grams of economic soap. Such a solution can significantly increase the resistance of strawberries to diseases.
So that the processing is the most efficient, for each disease or parasite you need to use a specific. For example, a colloidal sulfur solution will help get rid of the strawberry tick. Against the slugs use ash or metaldehyde.
Fighting diseases and pests
Strawberry is often subject to a variety of dangerous diseases that can seriously undermine its condition. Among the most common – malievable dew, gray rot, bright spot, anthracnose and verticillosis. Before buying a variety, it is necessary to ask him resistant to disease.
Buuray spottyRotSpotsTwisting leavesDryingHoles in leaves
In the process of growing garden strawberries Albion gives a small amount of mustache. The maximum number of them is observed in young bushes. Mustache can be rooted right on the plot. Massive and healthy bushes can be divided and seed. This is the most common way to breed strawberries. Seed breeding method is not used, as it takes a lot of time, and the process itself is complex and laborious. In addition, fruits lose varietal qualities.