- Authors: Astakhov A. AND., Zueva L. AND. (FNC Vick them. IN. R. Williams)
- Appeared when crossed: 4-15-90 x 42-7
- Synonyms names: Ribes Nigrum Dar Smolyaninovoi
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Timing of ripening: very early ripening time
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Purpose: Universal
- Mass of berries, g: 2.8-4.5
- Tasting evaluation: 4.9
- Epishers: medium, olive-green, fine-handed
See all the characteristics
Magnificent black currant berry, a storehouse of vitamins and trace elements, is available for cultivation in all regions of the country, up to the Far North, thanks to a variety of varieties and hybrids. Smorodina Dar Smolyaninova (synonym Ribes Nigrum Dar Smolyaninova) is designed for the middle strip of Russia and is good not only with a rich chemical composition, but also universality in application, large-endness and unpretentiousness. In the environment of gardeners and farmers, this variety is considered very promising. Fruits are consumed in a fresh form, they are boiled jam, jams, very tasty currant jumped. Berry can be frozen and dry.
History of removal
Thanks to the efforts of domestic breeders l. AND. Zueva and A. AND. Astakhova from the Federal Scientific Center. IN. R. Williams appeared variety of black currant gift Smolyaninov. To perform the task is to obtain a plant with certain parameters – two kinds were crossed, it is 4-15-90 and 42-7. The result exceeded all the expectations of scientists, which is why the grade is considered promising and in science for subsequent breeding work. In the state market of selection achievements of Russia, Dar Smolyaninova is registered in 2007.
Description of varieties
The medium (160 cm) bush is characterized by an average desecidentiality, consists of the escapes of medium thickness covered with beautiful olive green leather. At the oblast stage, it turns into a gray-brown bark. The bush is covered with wrinkled matte leaves from green to light green shades, with a convex plate. Traditional three-bladed shape, dissection of medium depths, along the edges of the sheet is made by small cloths.
Flowers a bush with unusual pale purple flowers with darker, red-purple cupcakers. Flowers are collected in short or medium length brushes with winding axis, on which 6 to 8 berries are tied.
Characteristic of berries
Large (2.8-4.5 g) Berries have a rounded shape, iscin-black color and glossy shine.
Sweet and juicy flesh covered with dense skin. The chemical composition includes sugars (7.8%), titrated acids (2.2%), as well as vitamins:
vitamin C – 160 mg%;
beta carotene – 0.1 mg / 100 g;
Vitamin B4 (choline) – 12.4 mg / 100 g;
Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol) – 0.7 mg / 100 g;
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) – 0.4 / 100 g.
The tasting commission highly appreciated the product – 4.9 points out of five possible.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety refers to the early-scale category – the harvest is collected from the first numbers of July.
In this respect, currant gives excellent indicators – from two kilograms from one bush to 133 centners with hectares. Maximum indicators are recorded – 2.6 kg from a bush or 17.2 tons with hectares.
Solianinova’s gift is adapted for the central black earth and the Volga-Vyatka region, which, of course, does not interfere with restless and inquisitive gardeners, always ready for experiments, grow it throughout the middle lane.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
The variety belongs to self-free and does not need pollinators, although their presence always has a positive effect on the amount of harvest.
Currant is quite demanding to the soil, preferring to grow on light lungs or sampling soils with a neutral level of pH. Well fruits in sunny areas, but almost does not reduce yields with partial shading. For landing, choose dry places, avoiding the proximity of groundwater.
Optimal landing time – autumn. 70×70 cm landing yam is equipped with a light drainage layer, on top of which the pillow of dry grass is placed, and even hay to ⅔ total volume. The soil enriched with plenty of organics (humid, compost, manure), as well as mineral fertilizers, superphosphate, wood ashol. When landing seedlings, you need to watch the root neck to be underground. The rolling circle is sealing and watered with 2-3 buckets of warm water.
Growing and care
Further care lies in traditional events. These are timely watering, weeding and loosening, sanitary trimming and feeding. The grade loves moisture, so watering spend every 2-3 days in the absence of rains, pouring at least three buckets of water under the bush. If at the time of planting the soil is well refilled with nutrients, then it is enough for a bustard for the next two or three years. Then making feeding becomes a mandatory procedure – in the fall, the rolling circle is covered with a thick layer of humus, in the spring plant needs nitrogen, in the second half of summer – in potash-phosphoric fertilizers.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Currant of this variety demonstrates excellent indicators of health and resistance to diseases, well resisting mildew, anthracnose, septorize and budding. Preventive processing insecticide and fungicides will help prevent diseases, plant damage and harvest loss.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
The variety is characterized as winter-hardy with high indicators.